Prevalence of Autism and its Comorbidities and the Relationship with Maternal Psychopathology: A National Population-Based Study.

CONCLUSION: The present study shows high prevalence rates for autism and its comorbid conditions among Iranian children and adolescents. It also reveals that there is a relationship between some maternal psychiatric disorders and the risk of autism. PMID: 31679355 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - Category: Middle East Health Authors: Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 19 February 2020Source: Mechanisms of Ageing and DevelopmentAuthor(s): Konstantinos Palikaras, Nektarios TavernarakisAbstractMaintenance of synaptic homeostasis is a challenging task, due to the intricate spatial organization and intense activity of synapses. Typically, synapses are located far away from the neuronal cell body, where they orchestrate neuronal signalling and communication, through neurotransmitter release. Stationary mitochondria provide energy required for synaptic vesicle cycling, and preserve ionic balance by buffering intercellular calcium at synapses. Thus, synaptic h...
Source: Mechanisms of Ageing and Development - Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research
This study used 2013-2016 individual-level claims data of Iranian Health Insurance Organization in East Azerbaijan province. All ambulatory care utilizers were included in the study. We determined characteristics and utilization pattern of high-cost patients as well as their predictors. A total of 1 128 149 patients were included. The top 10% of patients accounted for 62.56% of the total expenditure. This skewed expenditure pattern remained relatively stable over the study period. Female sex, older age, cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, cardiovascular disease, and diabetes increase the odds of being high cost.
Source: The Journal of Ambulatory Care Management - Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 18 February 2020Source: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical AnalysisAuthor(s): Javad Mottaghipisheh, Mohammad Mahmoodi Sourestani, Tivadar Kiss, Attila Horváth, Barbara Tóth, Mehdi Ayanmanesh, Amin Khamushi, Dezso CsuporAbstractSaffron crocus (Crocus sativus L.) has been widely grown in Iran. Its stigma is considered as the most valuable spice for which several pharmacological activities have been reported in preclinical and clinical studies, the antidepressant effect being the most thoroughly studied and confirmed. This plant part contains several characteristic second...
Source: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS The results indicate that, although persons with disabilities can exhibit a wide functional range, they remain at risk of PUs and should be evaluated for proper preventive measures, including support surfaces and wheelchair cushions.
Source: Advances in Skin and Wound Care - Category: Dermatology Tags: ORIGINAL INVESTIGATION Source Type: research
We examined the current studies on the efficiency and effectiveness of the robot interventions and produced a taxonomy of the review. An original finding of the current robotics in rehabilitation landscaping are critical presented with recommendations and concluding remarks concerning interdisciplinary impact. PMID: 32067201 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research
Drawing on advances in chronic pain metrics, a simplified Graded Chronic Pain Scale-Revised was developed to differentiate mild, bothersome, and high-impact chronic pain. Graded Chronic Pain Scale-Revised was validated among adult enrollees of 2 health plans (N = 2021). In this population, the prevalence of chronic pain (pain present most or every day, prior 3 months) was 40.5%: 15.4% with mild chronic pain (lower pain intensity and interference); 10.1% bothersome chronic pain (moderate to severe pain intensity with lower interference with life activities); and 15.0% high-impact chronic pain (sustained pain-related activit...
Source: Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
“Asymbolia for pain” has shown the potentiality of diseased insular networks to dissociate sensory from affective-behavioral dimensions of pain, resulting in the lack of appropriate motor and affective responses despite preserved sensory aspect of pain. Here, we describe 4 patients with an inverse phenomenon of asymbolia for pain, namely an isolated “symbolism for pain” triggered by epileptic seizures, characterized by pain behavior without declarative pain sensation despite fully preserved contact and vigilance. Stereoelectroencephalography demonstrated in each case focal seizure discharges within ...
Source: Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Clinical Note Source Type: research
This study addresses the problem of long-term opioid use by chronic pain patients. The study involved a secondary analysis of unanalyzed data from a published study of 2 versions of cognitive-behavioural therapy-based interdisciplinary treatment for chronic pain. In this study, we examined whether the use of opioids by 140 chronic pain patients could be ceased sustainably over 12 months after participation in the comprehensive interdisciplinary pain management program aimed at enhancing pain self-management. On admission to the treatment, there were no significant differences between those patients taking or not taking opi...
Source: Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Clinical Note Source Type: research
Pain-related fear is typically associated with avoidance behavior and pain-related disability in youth with chronic pain. Youth with elevated pain-related fear have attenuated treatment responses; thus, targeted treatment is highly warranted. Evidence supporting graded in vivo exposure treatment (GET) for adults with chronic pain is considerable, but just emerging for youth. The current investigation represents the first sequential replicated and randomized single-case experimental phase design with multiple measures evaluating GET for youth with chronic pain, entitled GET Living. A cohort of 27 youth (81% female) with mix...
Source: Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
Conclusion: Self-management behaviors and HrQoL of CHD patients in Chinese communities were inadequate. There is a positive correlation between self-management behaviors and HrQoL among CHD patients in Chinese community settings. Therefore, it is critical to improve self-management behaviors and HrQoL of CHD patients in Chinese communities.Impact statement: Self-management behaviors were found to positively influence on HrQoL among CHD patients in Chinese community settings. It is necessary to develop the nursing intervention on self-management behaviors to enhance the HrQoL of CHD patients in Chinese communities. PMID...
Source: Contemporary Nurse - Category: Nursing Tags: Contemp Nurse Source Type: research
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