Risk factors and impact of conversion from VATS to open lobectomy: analysis from a national database
The objective of the study is to analyse the causes and impact of conversion from VATS to thoracotomy identifying any possible pre-operative risk factors and related consequences.MethodsData from patient who underwent VATS lobectomy (VATS-L) for NSCLC at VATS Group participating centres were retrospectively analysed and divided in two groups: patients treated with VATS-L and patients who suffered from conversion. Predictors of conversion were assessed with univariate and multivariable exact logistic regression. Complications were evaluated as dependent variables of conversion in a Cox multivariable logistic regression model.ResultsA total of 4629 patients underwent planned VATS-L for NSCLC and of these, 432 (9.3%) required conversion; the most frequent causes were bleeding (30.4%) and fibro-calcified hilar lymph nodes (23.9%). The independent risk factors at multivariable analysis model were sex male (OR 1.458,p
Future Oncology, Ahead of Print.
British Journal of Cancer, Published online: 06 December 2019; doi:10.1038/s41416-019-0668-2First-time postmenopausal bleeding as a clinical marker of long-term cancer risk: A Danish Nationwide Cohort Study
Conclusions: Our results suggest that in this community-dwelling population, a higher CAA score is related to cognitive impairment and a higher risk of stroke, dementia, and death. The composite CAA score can be used to practically quantify the severity of vascular brain injury.
We present the case of a woman diagnosed with a tapeworm infection by capsule endsocopy. Capsule endoscopy may have a role when the microscopic stool examination is negative in patients with non-specific symptoms. PMID: 31793320 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Authors: Xu MM, Dawod E, Gaidhane M, Tyberg A, Kahaleh M Abstract Superior mesenteric artery syndrome (SMAS) causes compression and partial or complete obstruction of the duodenum, resulting in abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, and weight loss. If conservative therapy fails, the patient is typically referred for enteral feeding or laparoscopic gastrojejunostomy. The last few years have seen increasing use of endoscopic ultrasound-guided gastrojejunostomy (EUS-GJ) for gastric obstruction indications. EUS-GJ involves the creation of a gastric bypass via an echoendoscope in cases in which the small intestine can be pu...
Conclusions: A high PFC resolution rate can be achieved when a dedicated algorithm encompassing EUS-guided drainage, PD stenting, and early enteral feeding is adopted. PMID: 31794655 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Conclusions: Both EUS-FNA and EUS-FNB are safe for the diagnosis of LNs. EUS-FNB is preferred for abdominal LN sampling. EUSFNA+ ROSE was similar to EUS-FNB alone, showing better diagnosis for EUS-FNB than traditional FNA. While ROSE remained a significant predictor for accuracy, due to its poor availability in most centers, its use may be limited to cases with previous inconclusive diagnoses. PMID: 31794654 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Authors: Yasuda I, Kobayashi S, Takahashi K, Nanjo S, Mihara H, Kajiura S, Ando T, Tajiri K, Fujinami H Abstract Endoscopic papillectomy (EP) for ampullary adenomas achieves cure rates ranging from 76% to 90%, and recurrence rates are as high as 33%. If remnant or recurrent lesions after prior EP are endoscopically visible and are not suspected of intraductal extension into the biliary or pancreatic duct, repeated snaring and cutting can be performed until all visible lesions are completely resected. However, endoscopic ablative therapies, particularly argon plasma coagulation, can be attempted for tiny or uncertai...
Authors: Yamaguchi H, Morisaka H, Sano K, Nagata K, Ryozawa S, Okamoto K, Ichikawa T Abstract Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) is widely used as a first-line procedure for the definitive diagnosis of pancreatic solid tumor. Adverse events associated with the EUS-FNA procedure include acute pancreatitis, bleeding, infection, and duodenal perforation. Rarely, pancreatic tumors disseminate in the peritoneal cavity or seed in the gastric wall via the biopsy needle tract after EUS-FNA. Such seeding has been noted primarily in cases of adenocarcinomas and has not been associated with solid ps...
Conclusions: In experienced hands, CP is a safe curative treatment for NSCLC. Despite its complications, the mortality rate was low. A further prolonged overall survival was offered by CP to patients who already had a previous NSCLC treated with surgery.