Diagnostic accuracy of b800 and b1500 DWI-MRI of the pelvis to detect residual rectal adenocarcinoma: a multi-reader study

ConclusionAside from one reader demonstrating increased sensitivity, no significant difference in accuracy parameters or inter-observer agreement was found between MR using b800 and b1500 for the detection of residual tumor after neoadjuvant CRT for LARC. However, there was a suggestion of a trend towards increased sensitivity with b1500, and further studies using larger cohorts may be needed to further investigate this topic.
Source: Abdominal Imaging - Category: Radiology Source Type: research

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ConclusionLaparoscopic surgery showed similar long-term results compared to open surgery in elderly patients with CRC. Laparoscopic surgery is an effective surgical procedure for elderly patients with CRC.Graphic Abstract
Source: Surgical Endoscopy - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
AbstractEmerging techniques in minimally invasive rectal resection include robotic total mesorectal excision (R-TME). The Da Vinci Surgical System offers precise dissection in narrow and deep confined spaces and is gaining increasing acceptance during recent times. The aim of this study is to analyse our initial experience of R-TME with Da Vinci Xi platform in terms of perioperative and oncological outcomes in the context of data from recently published randomised ROLARR trial amongst minimally invasive novice surgeons. Patients who underwent R-TME or tumour specific mesorectal excision for rectal cancer between May 2016 a...
Source: Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Conclusion: Stomal metastases or metachronous colorectal cancer is uncommon. The causes for this pattern of spread are not clear. Long-term survival from cutaneous recurrence is generally poor. For carefully selected patients, redo surgery is an option with satisfactory results.
Source: In Vivo - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Reviews Source Type: research
ConclusionThis study provides a detailed WGS analysis of 10 cases of mucinous rectal cancer. It demonstrates an important lesson in tumor biology in that histologically similar tumors can have extensive differences at the genomic level. This study is relevant as it raises important questions about the relationship between bacteria and malignancy.
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
CASE SUMMARY: A 65-year-old man underwent colonoscopy to evaluate rectal bleeding and was found to have a low rectal mass. Biopsy revealed moderately differentiated microsatellite stable adenocarcinoma. The tumor was palpable at the fingertip in the anterior rectum with the inferior border 5 cm from the anal verge by rigid proctoscopy. CEA was 0.8 ng/mL. CT imaging of the chest, abdomen, and pelvis showed no evidence of distant metastases. MRI confirmed a 5-cm mass with one 8-mm mesorectal lymph node metastasis and no extramural venous invasion. The tumor penetrated the mesorectal fat to a depth of 4&thinsp...
Source: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Resident’s Corner Source Type: research
AbstractPurposePatients with locally advanced rectal cancer who achieve pathologic complete response (pCR) following neoadjuvant therapy have better long-term outcomes and could be spared from the perioperative and long-term morbidity of rectal resection. The aim of this study was to identify factors that predict the ability to achieve pCR at completion of conventional neoadjuvant therapy, therefore determining their suitability for non-surgical management.MethodsA retrospective analysis was performed on data obtained from a prospectively maintained colorectal neoplasia database. Patients treated for biopsy-proven primary ...
Source: International Journal of Colorectal Disease - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
AbstractDiversion colostomy plays a crucial role in the management of carcinoma rectum in low- and middle-income countries as significant number of patients present with partial intestinal obstruction. The aim of this study was to compare laparoscopic and open approaches for fecal diversion done in patients with adenocarcinoma of the rectum as a pretreatment procedure. The primary end point of our study was time to initiation of neoadjuvant chemo radiation. It was a retrospective study that included all patients diagnosed to have carcinoma rectum and underwent a pretreatment fecal diversion between 2012 and 2014. A total o...
Source: Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
AbstractThe outcome of surgery for signet ring adenocarcinoma of rectum is suboptimal with high predilection for locoregional and peritoneal metastases. Lack of intercellular adhesion due to focal loss of epithelial cell adhesion molecule (EpCAM) may account for this. In such patients, whether minimal invasive surgery carries a high risk of dissemination by pneumoperitoneum and tumor implantation remains uncertain. The aim of this study was to compare the outcomes of patients undergoing minimally invasive surgery (MIS) versus open surgery in patients with signet ring cell adenocarcinoma of rectum. A retrospective study was...
Source: Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Multi-visceral resection for advanced colorectal cancer invading into the adjacent organ may be performed with acceptable morbidity and mortality. PMID: 32674548 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Annals of Coloproctology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Ann Coloproctol Source Type: research
We report 3 cases of mismatch repair-deficient (dMMR) locally advanced adenocarcinoma of the rectum that showed significant response with neoadjuvant immunotherapy-based systemic treatment. The first patient was not eligible for standard therapy because of a history of radiotherapy to the prostate with concurrent comorbidities and therefore received single-agent pembrolizumab. The second patient did not respond to total neoadjuvant chemoradiation and subsequently received combined nivolumab and ipilimumab. The third patient had a known family history of Lynch syndrome and presented with locally advanced rectal cancer and a...
Source: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network : JNCCN - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: J Natl Compr Canc Netw Source Type: research
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