Trends in the prevalence of chronic liver disease in the Korean adult population, 1998-2017.

This study aimed to evaluate whether the CLD prevalence changed between 1998-2001 and 2016-2017. Data were extracted from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (1998-2001 to 2016-2017; n=25,893). Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) was defined as a hepatic steatosis index>36 in the absence of any other evidence of CLD. The definition of alcoholrelated liver disease (ALD) was excessive alcohol consumption (≥210 g/week for men and ≥140 g/week for women) and an ALD/NAFLD index>0. The prevalence of NAFLD increased from 18.6% (95% confidence interval [CI], 17.8-19.5%) in 1998-2001 to 21.5% (95% CI, 20.6-22.6%) in 2016-2017. During the same time period, increases were observed in the prevalence of obesity (27.0 vs. 35.1%), central obesity (29.4 vs. 36.0%), diabetes (7.5 vs. 10.6%), and excessive drinking (7.3 vs.10.5%). ALD prevalence also increased from 3.8% (95% CI, 3.4-4.2%) to 7.0% (95% CI, 6.4-7.6%). In contrast, chronic hepatitis B decreased from 5.1% (95% CI, 4.6-5.5%) to 3.4% (95% CI, 3.0-3.8%). The prevalence of chronic hepatitis C was approximately 0.3% in 2016-2017. The prevalence of NAFLD and ALD increase among Korean adults. Our results suggest potential targets for interventions to reduce the future burden of CLD. PMID: 31679316 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Clinical and molecular hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Clin Mol Hepatol Source Type: research

Related Links:

This study examined the association of preoperative serum albumin with outcomes for laparoscopic cholecystectomy.MethodsThe American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program was retrospectively analyzed from 2005-2016 for adult patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Patients were stratified into four groups:
Source: The American Journal of Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Remote ischemic preconditioning did not modify irisin or troponin I expression, independent of the time of collection. PMID: 31799981 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: J Bras Nefrol Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: In this group of peritoneal dialysis patients, cystatin C did not correlate with the metabolic or inflammatory status, nor cardiovascular disease, after adjustment for residual renal function. PMID: 31799980 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: J Bras Nefrol Source Type: research
Authors: Vargas-Machuca R, Rojas-Dávila CE, Jiménez MM, Piscoya-Magallanes CR, Razuri H, Ugaz ME Abstract The high level of Venezuelan migration is a great challenge for Peru due to the healthcare needs of immigrants. Worryingly, children under the age of five are the most vulnerable. In order to know the nutritional status of this group in migratory transit to Peru, a descriptive study was carried out with two rounds of data collection (August 2018 and March 2019) at the Binational Border Healthcare Center in Tumbes. In each round, nutritional status, morbidity and food characteristics were determine...
Source: Revista Peruana de Medicina de Experimental y Salud Publica - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica Source Type: research
This article considers the relevance of non-representational theory to understanding the lived experience of diabetes. While non-representational theory has gained traction in the social sciences, especially Human Geography, its usefulness in extending understanding of experiences of health and illness is often restricted to an idea of wellbeing that assumes an able and healthy body. This article draws on qualitative research on the everyday experiences of living with diabetes, to consider how non-representational theory can be applied to understanding the everyday experience of ill bodies. The analysis moves through ideas...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
Conclusion: NAFLD is emerging as a predominant etiology of CLD in India, followed by ALD, HBV, and HCV. However, significant regional differences regarding predominant etiology was noted within the country. It was further noted that significant number of patients had advanced fibrosis based on VCTE assessment. This study emphasizes the need for appropriate risk evaluation and early assessment of severity of liver disease, for adequate disease management. PMID: 31315327 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Assoc Physicians India Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 21 December 2018Source: Journal of Advanced ResearchAuthor(s): Undurti N. DasAbstractIt has been suggested that hepatitis B virus (HBV)- and hepatitis C virus (HCV)-induced hepatic damage and cirrhosis and associated hypoalbuminemia, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), and alcoholic fatty liver disease (AFLD) are due to an imbalance between pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory bioactive lipids. Increased tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-α production induced by HBV and HCV leads to a polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) deficiency and hypoalbuminemia. Albumin mobilizes PUFAs from t...
Source: Journal of Advanced Research - Category: Research Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 21 December 2018Source: Journal of Advanced ResearchAuthor(s): Undurti N. DasAbstractIt has been suggested that hepatitis B virus (HBV)- and hepatitis C virus (HCV)-induced hepatic damage and cirrhosis and associated hypoalbuminemia, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and alcoholic fatty liver disease (AFLD) are due to an imbalance between pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory bioactive lipids. Increased tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-α production induced by HBV and HCV leads to a polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) deficiency and hypoalbuminemia. Albumin mobilizes PUFAs from th...
Source: Journal of Advanced Research - Category: Research Source Type: research
This report presents further evidence on the escalating alcohol consumption in the UK and the burden of liver disease associated with this major risk factor, as well as the effects on hospital and primary care. We reiterate the need for fiscal regulation by the UK Government if overall alcohol consumption is to be reduced sufficiently to improve health outcomes. We also draw attention to the effects of drastic cuts in public services for alcohol treatment, the repeated failures of voluntary agreements with the drinks industry, and the influence of the industry through its lobbying activities. We continue to press for reint...
Source: The Lancet - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
ConclusionsEighty-five percent of the patients with non-B non-C HCC had at least one risk factor for NAFLD. None of the study patients had occult hepatitis B infection. NAFLD is emerging as the major etiological contributing factor for non-B non-C HCC in India.
Source: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
More News: Alcoholism | Diabetes | Eating Disorders & Weight Management | Endocrinology | Fatty Liver Disease (FLD) | Gastroenterology | Hepatitis | Hepatitis B | Hepatitis C | Liver | Liver Disease | Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Diseases (NAFLD) | Nutrition | Obesity | Study | Urology & Nephrology | Women