Management of bone complications in patients with genitourinary malignancies.

Management of bone complications in patients with genitourinary malignancies. Urol Oncol. 2019 Oct 29;: Authors: Ballon-Landa E, Panian J, Derweesh IH, McKay RR Abstract Skeletal metastases are common in genitourinary malignancies-including prostate cancer, renal cell carcinoma, and urothelial cancer-and portend significant morbidity and poor prognosis. The presence of skeletal metastases can result in decreased quality of life and increased morbidity. Strategies can be employed to prevent bone-related complications including lifestyle modifications and dietary supplementation. Additionally, pharmacologic agents exist to prevent bone loss and may be appropriate for patients at high risk of fragility-related or skeletal complications, such as pathologic fracture related to bone metastases. Finally, advancement in effective systemic treatments, particularly novel hormone-targeted agents and immunotherapies, may limit the morbidity of advanced disease and delay the onset of skeletal-related complications. PMID: 31676279 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Urologic Oncology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Urol Oncol Source Type: research

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CONCLUSION: Immunotherapy is a key treatment in kidney and bladder cancer. In the future, the identification of predictive markers should allow us to better select patients responding to immunotherapy. PMID: 31477432 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Progres en Urologie - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Prog Urol Source Type: research
Abstract We investigated the effectiveness of 11C-choline-positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) for evaluating treatment response in patients with prostate cancer or renal cell carcinoma. We performed 34 11C-choline PET/CT scans before/after a combined total of 17 courses of treatment in 6 patients with prostate cancer and 2 with renal cell carcinoma. The 17 treatments including hormonal therapy, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, radium-223, molecular target therapy, radiofrequency ablation, transcatheter arterial embolization, and cancer immunotherapy yielded 1 (5.9%) complete metabolic response (CM...
Source: Acta Med Okayama - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Acta Med Okayama Source Type: research
Conclusions The identification of effective biomarkers has becoming a major focus in cancer research, mainly due to the necessity of selecting potentially responsive patients in order to improve their outcomes, as well as to reduce the toxicity and costs related to ineffective treatments. This Research Topic aims to include the description of these emerging techniques and identify the most promising biomarkers in genitourinary tumors. Author Contributions RM and MS: Conception and design. AC: Drafting the manuscript. AL-B and LC: Critical revision of the manuscript and review of the literature. Conflict of Interest Sta...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
This study aimed to investigate whether combining anti-PD-L1 Atezolizumab with BEV may have a synergistic effect and enhance the efficacy of both treatments in cisplatin resistant epithelial ovarian cancer (CREOC). We retrospectively analyzed 124 epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) patients from Gynecologic Oncology Department of Tianjin Cancer Hospital between January 2013 and June 2018, who all were diagnosed with cisplatin resistance due to progressing
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Eleonora A. Braga1*†, Marina V. Fridman2†, Vitaly I. Loginov1,3, Alexey A. Dmitriev4 and Sergey G. Morozov1 1Institute of General Pathology and Pathophysiology, Moscow, Russia 2Vavilov Institute of General Genetics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia 3Research Center of Medical Genetics, Moscow, Russia 4Engelhardt Institute of Molecular Biology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is the third most common urological cancer, and it has the highest mortality rate. The increasing drug resistance of metastatic ccRCC has resulted in the search f...
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
Markus Hartl* and Rainer Schneider Center of Molecular Biosciences (CMBI), Institute of Biochemistry, University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria The neuronal proteins GAP43 (neuromodulin), MARCKS, and BASP1 are highly expressed in the growth cones of nerve cells where they are involved in signal transmission and cytoskeleton organization. Although their primary structures are unrelated, these signaling proteins share several structural properties like fatty acid modification, and the presence of cationic effector domains. GAP43, MARCKS, and BASP1 bind to cell membrane phospholipids, a process reversibly regulate...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Personalized Dendritic Cell Vaccines—Recent Breakthroughs and Encouraging Clinical Results Beatris Mastelic-Gavillet, Klara Balint, Caroline Boudousquie, Philippe O. Gannon and Lana E. Kandalaft* Department of Oncology, Center for Experimental Therapeutics, Ludwig Center for Cancer Research, University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland With the advent of combined immunotherapies, personalized dendritic cell (DC)-based vaccination could integrate the current standard of care for the treatment of a large variety of tumors. Due to their proficiency at antigen presentation, DC are key coordinators of the innate...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
In this study, we examined the anti-tumor effect of the antibody toxin conjugate (ADC) against activated matriptase positive mantle cell lymphoma cell lines (JeKo-1, Maver, Mino, and Z138). This ADC was cytotoxic to these cell lines with IC50s between 5 and 14 μg/mL. The ADC also showed a dose dependent anti-tumor effect on the JeKo-1 xenograft in mice without toxicity. Introduction Mantle Cell Lymphoma (MCL), represents 6- percent of all lymphoma cases, and currently the survival time is 4–5 years, shorter compared to other hematologic malignancies (2–4). MCL cells express CD20, aberrant expression ...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Conclusions: CAR T cell therapies have demonstrated the clinical benefits of harnessing our body's own defenses to combat tumor cells. Similar research is being conducted on lesser known modifications and gene-modified immune cells, which we highlight in this review. Introduction Chimeric antigen receptors and engineered T cell receptors (based on previously identified high affinity T cell receptors) function by redirecting T cells to a predefined tumor-specific (or tumor-associated) target. Most of these modifications use retroviral or lentiviral vectors to integrate the construct, and most of the receptors ...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Seon Ah Lim1†, Jungwon Kim1†, Seunghyun Jeon1†, Min Hwa Shin1, Joonha Kwon1, Tae-Jin Kim1, Kyungtaek Im1, Youngmin Han2, Wooil Kwon2, Sun-Whe Kim2, Cassian Yee3, Seong-Jin Kim4*, Jin-Young Jang2* and Kyung-Mi Lee1,3,5* 1Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea 2Department of Surgery and Cancer Research Institute, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea 3Department of Melanoma Medical Oncology and Immunology, MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, United States 4Prec...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
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