Sensors, Vol. 19, Pages 4814: Phenomic and Physiological Analysis of Salinity Effects on Lettuce

Sensors, Vol. 19, Pages 4814: Phenomic and Physiological Analysis of Salinity Effects on Lettuce Sensors doi: 10.3390/s19214814 Authors: Neil D. Adhikari Ivan Simko Beiquan Mou Salinity is a rising concern in many lettuce-growing regions. Lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) is sensitive to salinity, which reduces plant biomass, and causes leaf burn and early senescence. We sought to identify physiological traits important in salt tolerance that allows lettuce adaptation to high salinity while maintaining its productivity. Based on previous salinity tolerance studies, one sensitive and one tolerant genotype each was selected from crisphead, butterhead, and romaine, as well as leaf types of cultivated lettuce and its wild relative, L. serriola L. Physiological parameters were measured four weeks after transplanting two-day old seedlings into 350 mL volume pots filled with sand, hydrated with Hoagland nutrient solution and grown in a growth chamber. Salinity treatment consisted of gradually increasing concentrations of NaCl and CaCl2 from 0 mM/0 mM at the time of transplanting, to 30 mM/15 mM at the beginning of week three, and maintaining it until harvest. Across the 10 genotypes, leaf area and fresh weight decreased 0–64% and 16–67%, respectively, under salinity compared to the control. Salinity stress increased the chlorophyll index by 4–26% in the cultivated genotypes, while decreasing it by 5–14% in the two wild accessions. Tolera...
Source: Sensors - Category: Biotechnology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research

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Autologous hematopoietic cell transplantation (autoHCT) is considered standard-of-care for transplant-eligible patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (MM). In 2016, 8776 autoHCTs were performed for MM in the United States (US), increasing from 5621 in 20101. With advances in supportive care resulting in outcomes comparable to those of younger patients, there is an increasing use of autoHCT in older patients [2,3]. Patients aged ≥70 years represented 12% of the over 14,000 autoHCTs performed in 20162.
Source: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation - Category: Hematology Authors: Source Type: research
Abstract Existing epidermal transplantation procedures applied in burn surgery or wound treatment, such as mesh grafting or the Meek method, do not lead to a restoration of all the skin layers. Dermal skin layers are indispensable in ensuring the quality and function of the transplanted skin as a frictional surface and a carrier of skin appendages such as hair, sweat glands, and sebaceous glands, as well as nerve receptors for detecting pressure, vibration, and temperature. Because of the restricted skin surface area that can be provided by the donor, full-skin transplants cannot be transplanted over a large area....
Source: Annals of Anatomy - Category: Anatomy Authors: Tags: Ann Anat Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 December 2019Source: Medicina Intensiva (English Edition)Author(s): M. Sánchez-Sánchez, J.R. Martínez, B. Civantos, Pablo MillánAbstractBurned patients may need prolonged admissions in the Intensive Care Service, both for initial care and for the pre and postoperative treatment of the multiple surgeries they require. The initial resuscitation of critically burned patients requires adequate monitoring to calculate the fluid therapy necessary to replenish the losses and ensure tissue perfusion, but without excesses that increase interstitial edema. In addition...
Source: Medicina Intensiva - Category: Intensive Care Source Type: research
AML patients receiving killer immunoglobulin-like receptor (KIR) mismatched  haploidentical HSCT have improved survival. COG AAML05P1 is a prospective phase 2 trial of unrelated donor (URD) HSCT in which KIR typing of donors was available to the treating physician at donor selection, aiming to determine feasibility (defined as the ability to obtain donor samples from unr elated donors and perform and return KIR data before transplant) of prospective selection of KIR mismatched donors and effect on outcomes.
Source: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation - Category: Hematology Authors: Source Type: research
Killer immunoglobulin-like receptor (KIR) genes participate in the regulation of natural killer (NK) cell function, and mismatch between transplant donor and recipient improves clinical outcomes in some transplantation settings [1-6]. Lower than expected rates of relapse, graft failure, and graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) occur in KIR-incompatible, T cell-depleted, HLA-mismatched related donor hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) for acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) [5]. Similarly, Hsu et al [7] reported superior overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) for recipients of KIR-incompatible HCST compar...
Source: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation - Category: Hematology Authors: Source Type: research
In this study, we use platelet-rich plasma gel as an adipose-derived stem cell scaffold to assist the growth of rat skin grafts. ADSCs were successfully isolated and seeded into the PRP gel. Using a Lewis rat model, we found the PRP gel + ADSCs significantly improved the properties of the transplanted skin grafts, increased the skin thickness and improved the collagen arrangement. PRP gel + ADSCs promoted skin neovascularization by elevating the expression of the vascularization factors VEGF, BFGF and PDGFB. Taken together, our study indicated that ADSCs combined with PRP have a potentiation eff...
Source: Burns - Category: Dermatology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The webinars met the educational needs of learners and improved knowledge gaps. This study provided novel insights into the learning needs of clinicians who care for patients with AML and a roadmap for future educational interventions. PMID: 31805525 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network : JNCCN - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: J Natl Compr Canc Netw Source Type: research
ConclusionWe recommend that any person who sustains high voltage (500  V or more) electric shock should be evaluated carefully in the emergency department, including with echocardiography and cardiac catheterization, if indicated, to determine the extent of the injury and the viability of the heart, for patients who do not survive as a donor organ.
Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Tags: CASE REPORT Source Type: research
This study demonstrates for the first time that senescent cells secrete functional LTs, significantly contributing to the LTs pool known to cause or exacerbate idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. Against Senolytics https://www.fightaging.org/archives/2019/11/against-senolytics/ There is no consensus in science that is so strong as to have no heretics. So here we have an interview with a naysayer on the matter of senolytic treatments, who argues that the loss of senescent cells in aged tissues will cause more harm to long-term health than the damage they will do by remaining. To be clear, I think this to be a ...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
TAUNTON (CBS) – Flu season is here, and for a Taunton family with two babies battling a rare disease, the months are particularly stressful. From the outside, they appear picture-perfect: Amanda and Billy Bettuchi and their three beautiful kids. But you can’t tell a whole health story just by looking. “It’s Severe Combined Immunodeficiency (SCID), so Shane was born with no immune system at all. They have to go through chemo first for 10 days and then they get the bone marrow transplant after that at three months old,” mom Amanda (Acorn) Bettuchi explained. Sweet Shane, not even a year old, is ...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Boston News Health Syndicated CBSN Boston Syndicated Local flu season Juli McDonald Taunton News Source Type: news
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