A phase 1, randomized, observer blind, antigen and adjuvant dosage finding clinical trial to evaluate the safety and immunogenicity of an adjuvanted, trivalent subunit influenza vaccine in adults  ≥ 65 years of age.

CONCLUSION: In this phase I trial of adults ≥ 65 years of age who received increased adjuvant and antigen dosages relative to the licensed aTIV, increased dosage of MF59 resulted in increased immunogenicity against all 3 components of seasonal influenza vaccine. The increase in immunogenicity was accompanied by an increase in the incidence of local reactogenicity. PMID: 31679865 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Vaccine - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Vaccine Source Type: research

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Conclusion This study is the first to report on the VE against all types of influenza in all age groups using an RIDT. The VE varied with both age and influenza subtype. PMID: 31787695 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Intern Med Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Persistence of antibodies at 6 months was more favorable against the influenza A strains than against the B strains. Persistence of antibodies to additional B strain at 6 months was superior in the quadrivalent vaccine group. The immunity of primed children with different B strains was not superior to that of the unprimed group with another B strain. PMID: 31779056 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research
In this study, we generated VLPs vaccine containing hemagglutinin (HA) and matrix protein (M1) of the 2009 pandemic H1N1, and investigated the protective efficacies induced by VLPs vaccine and commercial monovalent H1N1 pandemic split vaccine from Sanofi-Pasteur. Mice were intramuscularly immunized with either VLPs vaccine or split vaccine and subsequently challenge-infected with homologous virus (A/California/04/2009, H1N1) or heterosubtypic virus (A/Philippines/82, H3N2) after 4.5 months. VLPs vaccination demonstrated a higher level of protective efficacy against homologous viruses compared to split vaccine, as lessened ...
Source: Immunological Investigations - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Immunol Invest Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Secukinumab treatment does not affect the humoral response to influenza vaccine of patients with PsA. PMID: 31767465 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Vaccine - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Vaccine Source Type: research
Conclusions: QIV was immunogenic against the additional B lineage strain (B Victoria) without significantly compromising the immunogenicity of the other three vaccine strains, therefore, adding a second B lineage strain in QIV could broaden protection against influenza B infection in this age group. As the QIV immunogenicity differed regarding the four antigens, formulation adjustments to increase the antigen concentration of the serotypes that have lower immunogenicity could increase effectiveness. Prior season vaccination was associated with lower antibody response to a new vaccine, although not consistent through the vaccine strains.
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: Identifying optimal priming strategies for children
Source: Vaccine - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Vaccine Source Type: research
Influenza A virus infection is a global health threat to livestock and humans, causing substantial mortality and morbidity. As both pigs and humans are readily infected with influenza viruses of similar subtype, the pig is a robust and appropriate model for investigating swine and human disease. We evaluated the efficacy of the human cold-adapted 2017–2018 quadrivalent seasonal LAIV in pigs against H1N1pdm09 challenge. LAIV immunized animals showed significantly reduced viral load in nasal swabs. There was limited replication of the H1N1 component of the vaccine in the nose, a limited response to H1N1 in the lung lym...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
This study reports virological and epidemiological data accumulated through passive surveillance conducted during 1,825 herd visits from 2011 to 2018. Among them, 887 (48.6%) tested swIAV-positive. The proportion of positive cases remained stable year-on-year and year-round. The European avian-like swine H1N1 (H1avN1) virus was the most frequently identified (69.6%), and was widespread across the country. The European human-like reassortant swine H1N2 (H1huN2) virus accounted for 22.1% and was only identified in the north-western quarter and recently in the far north. The 2009 pandemic H1N1 (H1N1pdm) virus (3.6%) was detec...
Source: Veterinary Microbiology - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
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Source: Human Vaccines and Immunotherapeutics - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Source Type: research
Abstract 2018/19 was the first season of introduction of a newly licensed adjuvanted influenza vaccine (aTIV) for adults aged 65 years and over and the sixth season in the roll-out of a childhood influenza vaccination programme with a quadrivalent live attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV). The season saw mainly A(H1N1)pdm09 and latterly A(H3N2) circulation. End-of-season adjusted vaccine effectiveness (aVE) estimates against laboratory confirmed influenza infection in primary care were calculated using the test negative case control method adjusting for key confounders. End-of-season aVE was 44.3% (95% CI: 26.8, ...
Source: Vaccine - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Vaccine Source Type: research
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