Pathways to Prevention Workshop: Can Physical Activity Improve the Health of Wheelchair Users? (Day 1)
The 2010 census estimated that 3.6 million Americans use a wheeled mobility device, such as a manual wheelchair, motorized wheelchair, or scooter. This number is projected to be four times higher by 2020. Individuals who use wheeled mobility devices often experience poorer health outcomes compared to the general population. There are some distinct health challenges related to the physical effects of long-term wheelchair use, such as shoulder overuse injuries, skin breakdown, and urinary tract disorders. Wheelchair users may also encounter barriers to accessing preventive health care and getting sufficient physical activity. This P2P workshop will assess the available scientific evidence through a systematic evidence review, invite numerous speakers to present their research, and engage with a community of wheeled mobility device users to better understand the potential benefits of physical activity interventions for people at risk of using, or currently using, wheeled mobility devices as a result of a disabling injury or illness. The following questions will be addressed: What is the evidence base on physical activity interventions to prevent obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular conditions, including evidence on harms of the interventions in people with multiple sclerosis (MS), cerebral palsy (CP), or spinal cord injury (SCI) who are at risk for or currently using a wheeled mobility device? What are the benefits and harms of physical activity interventions for people with MS...
Contributors : Kristoffer G Rigbolt ; Helene ÆgidiusSeries Type : Expression profiling by high throughput sequencingOrganism : Mus musculusTo improve the understanding of the complex biological processes underlying the development of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), a multi-omics approach combining bulk RNA-sequencing based transcriptomics, quantitative proteomics and single-cell RNA-sequencing was used to characterize tissue biopsies from histologically validated diet-induced obese (DIO) NASH mice compared to chow-fed controls. Bulk RNA-sequencing and proteomics showed a clear distinction between phenotypes and...
CONCLUSIONS: The F-V relationship assessed during both specific (SSKT) and nonspecific upper-body tasks (bench press and bench pull) may distinguish between kayakers specialized in different distances. PMID: 32942255 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Conclusions: Standing balance enhancement (higher equilibrium score/better balance) depends on the neuropsychological process targeted and the sensory input available post-stroke. Cognitive dual-task interference emerged for the verbal fluency test during the most attention demanding sensory condition. Cognitive tests that enhance standing balance should be considered in assessments and interventions to evaluate and improve dual-tasking post-stroke. Video Abstract available for more insights from the authors (see the Video, Supplemental Digital Content 1, available at: http://links.lww.com/JNPT/A321).
Conclusions: The results indicate that fall risk measures within the ICF domains—body, structure, and function (dynamic gait stability and hip extensor strength) and activity limitation (TUG)—could provide a sensitive laboratory-induced slip-fall prediction model in PwCS. Video Abstract available for more insights from the authors (see the Video, Supplemental Digital Content 1, available at: http://links.lww.com/JNPT/A323).
Conclusions: Telephone-based administration of the ABILHAND is valid for the assessment of manual ability after stroke. Clinicians and researchers may use the ABILHAND for monitoring manual ability in persons with stroke and/or screening potential research participants. Video Abstract available for more insights from the authors (see the Video, Supplemental Digital Content 1, http://links.lww.com/JNPT/A318).
Conclusions: A head-worn IMU during rehabilitation distinguished between groups. Furthermore, within the GPS group, the IMU quantified the progression of the frequency of head movements during gaze stability exercises over time. Video Abstract available for more insights from the authors (see the Video, Supplemental Digital Content 1, available at: http://links.lww.com/JNPT/A320).
Authors: Rosenberg CR, Abazari A, Chou TY, Weissbart SB Abstract A retrospective chart review examined adult patients with herpes simplex (HSV) and zoster (HZO) keratitis at a single institution. Patients who suffered a poor outcome (defined as visually significant corneal scarring, neurotrophic keratitis, secondary glaucoma, or requiring corneal surgery) were identified and each outcome type was analyzed in relation to age, sex, diabetes mellitus, immunosuppression, and a prior history of ≥2 ocular procedures. Advanced age, diabetes mellitus, and a prior history of ≥2 ocular procedures may be risk factors fo...
CONCLUSIONS: In the first 10 years of life, from prospectively collected serial growth measurements, we found no evidence of impaired childhood growth before CD and CDA development as identified through early and periodic screening. PMID: 32941083 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Publication date: Available online 18 September 2020Source: Progress in Retinal and Eye ResearchAuthor(s): Sayon Roy, Dongjoon Kim
CONCLUSIONS: The present study firstly provided quantitative information for metformin effects on weight in different disease states, including patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, patients with antipsychotic induced weight gain, patients with obesity. PMID: 32940086 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
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