Post-Treatment Changes in Renal Function Among HIV Patients Post-Treatment Changes in Renal Function Among HIV Patients

In what ways might these factors impact changes in renal function after HIV treatment?HIV Medicine
Source: Medscape Hiv-Aids Headlines - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: HIV/AIDS Journal Article Source Type: news

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Abstract From December 2006 to December 2016, 1093 human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) individuals
Source: J Korean Med Sci - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research
ConclusionThe original English version of the SRE was successfully adapted to Portuguese. The Portuguese version of SRE constitutes a valid research instrument for evaluating racial discrimination.
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
AbstractThis exploratory research addressed the question, among rural Mississippi African American Baptist pastors, what is the impact of attitudes toward HIV/AIDS on the development of HIV/AIDS programs in the church? It was hypothesized that empathetic attitudes toward HIV make programming more likely. The study used Froman and Owen ’s AIDS Attitude Scale (AAS) and a demographic questionnaire, which included a measure that assessed potential program development. A sample of more than 300 African American pastors participated. The findings suggested that there is a significant relationship between rural Mississippi ...
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
ConclusionsCMV colitis is generally associated with an immunosuppressed state. Imaging and endoscopic findings can mimic inflammatory, ischemic, and infectious colitides. However, CMV colitis should be included in the differential diagnosis in immunocompromised adults who present to emergency department with bloody stools, acute abdominal pain or diarrhea, and have bowel wall thickening and pericolonic stranding on imaging.
Source: Emergency Radiology - Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research
AbstractOral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is highly efficacious but low adherence undermines effectiveness. Depression, common in African women, may be a barrier to consistent PrEP use. We aimed to assess the relationship between depression, psychosocial mediators, and PrEP adherence among South African women. We analyzed data from 174 South African women in HPTN 067, an open-label oral PrEP trial conducted from 2011 to 2013. Participants were followed for 24  weeks. PrEP adherence was measured via Wisepill™ and weekly self-report interview data. We considered participants “adherent” at week 24 if...
Source: AIDS and Behavior - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
This study examined relationships among various forms of IPV (physical, emotional, monitoring, controlling, and forced sex) and PrEP use among 863 MSM participating in a cross-sectional, internet-based survey. Participants reported IPV rates during the prior 6 months that were consistent with prior research (physical violence, 23.3%; emotional violence, 36.3%; monitoring, 45.1%; controlling, 25.3%; forced sex, 20.0%). Forced sex and emotional IPV were negatively associated with PrEP use in our sample; in contrast, controlling was positively associated with PrEP use. We suggest clinical IPV screenings among MSM seeking PrEP...
Source: AIDS and Behavior - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
This study analyzed data from 551 Black SGM recruited at HBC events in 2 cities over 24  months. Logistic regression with generalized estimating equations examined associations between socio-structural stressors, mental health, substance use, and sexual behavior among HBC participants. Findings indicated high prevalence of depressive symptoms, history of trauma, intimate partner viole nce, and substance use, and significant associations between socioeconomic marginalization and depressive symptoms, substance use, and condomless anal sex. Future research is needed to better elucidate the temporal relationships between ...
Source: AIDS and Behavior - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
AbstractFew studies have sought to understand factors influencing uptake and continuation of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) among young adults in sub-Saharan Africa in the context of population-based delivery of open-label PrEP. To address this gap, this qualitative study was implemented within the SEARCH study (NCT#01864603) in Kenya and Uganda, which achieved near-universal HIV testing, and offered PrEP in  16 intervention communities beginning in 2016–2017. Focus group discussions (8 groups, n = 88 participants) and in-depth interviews (n = 23) with young adults who initiated...
Source: AIDS and Behavior - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 January 2020Source: Biocybernetics and Biomedical EngineeringAuthor(s): Julian Andres Ramirez-Bautista, Jorge Adalberto Huerta-Ruelas, László T. Kóczy, Miklós F. Hatwágner, Silvia L. Chaparro-Cárdenas, Antonio Hernández-ZavalaAbstractLoad distribution analysis on foot surface allows knowing human mechanical behavior and aids the doctor in the detection of gait disorders like, the risk of foot ulcerations, leg discrepancy, and footprint alterations. Plantar pressure data combined with techniques that use integral reasoning produce easy un...
Source: Biocybernetics and Biomedical Engineering - Category: Biomedical Engineering Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewIn the era of modern bone-friendly antiretroviral therapy (ART) regimens for people living with HIV (PLWH), this review discusses the research gaps and management concerns that remain for individuals who have already been exposed to ART with negative effects on bone metabolism, especially children and adolescents who have not acquired peak bone mass, and older adults who have additional risk factors for fracture.Recent FindingsData now support the use of avoidance of TDF and use of bone-friendly regimens that include integrase strand transfer inhibitors in PLWH with increased risk of fracture for e...
Source: Current HIV/AIDS Reports - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
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