A229 Duodenal Switch: Small Bowel Obstruction and Internal Hernias
Duodenal Switch post-operative complications include small bowel obstruction and internal hernias. This video presentation discusses the common causes for small bowel obstruction, demonstrating single band adhesions, mesocolic internal hernia, and mesoenteric internal hernia, including clinical presentation, radiographic evaluation, reduction technique, and repair.
ConclusionA tailored approach is now employed and seen more so in hernia surgery and this fact is referred to and highlighted in the contemporaneous hernia guidelines published to date. In addition, with the increasing complexity of abdominal wall surgery, the number of procedures actually performed by trainees is no longer considered adequate to overcome any recognized learning curve. Therefore, to supplement general surgery training young surgeons should be offered a clinical fellowship to obtain an additional qualification as an abdominal wall surgeon and thus improve their clinical and operative experience under superv...
ConclusionRecent high-level literature recommends the use of mesh repair (flat mesh) in all patients with hernia width ≥ 1 cm. This evidence is limited to the use of flat mesh through an open approach. While AHSQC surgeons do offer mesh repair in the majority of cases, this is most commonly using a mesh patch, and is selective towards larger hernias and obese patients. Further research is required to evaluat e the safety of mesh patches, and a mesh repair should be offered to a young non-obese healthy patient, as they benefit similarly from the use of mesh.
Paraesophageal and sliding-type hiatal hernias are extremely common in patients who suffer from obesity. Concomitant hernia repairs at the time of bariatric surgery have been reported in as high as 20% of all bariatric surgeries. Bioabsorbable tissue matrices have been used to bolster and enhance sutured paraoesophageal hernia defects and reduce local recurrences. To date there exists no large volume study assess outcomes of hiatus hernias repaired at the time of concomitant bariatric surgery, particularly with respect to the use of bioabsorbable tissue matrix.
Morbid obesity is associated with an increased rate of hiatal and paraesophageal hernias (PEH). Concomitant repair at the time of Roux-En-Y gastric bypass is technically feasible, safe, and lowers recurrence rates; however, the ideal operative management remains controversial. The use of reinforcing mesh may further lower recurrence rates in the bariatric patient population. The patient is a 49 year-old female with a history of morbid obesity (BMI 42) and long-standing reflux with dysphagia. Preoperative endoscopy was notable for esophagitis and a moderate-sized PEH.
We present a case series of late term hiatal hernias after gastric bypass, and discuss the common presentation and treatment.
Post-bariatric, de-novo hiatal hernias are associated with a cluster of symptoms including Bloating (nausea/vomiting), Abdominal pain, Regurgitation, and Food intolerance or dysphagia (BARF). Patients with this cluster are at risk mis-diagnosis, malnutrition and maladaptive eating.
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is common in the morbidly obese population, and hiatal hernias are encountered in 20% to 52% of patients. Primary surgical repair of hiatal hernias, in particular the paraesophageal type, is associated with a higher recurrence rate in obese patients. Concomitant weight loss surgery may be advisable. Combined sleeve gastrectomy and paraesophageal hiatal hernia repair is feasible but can induce or worsen preexisting GERD. A Roux-en-Y gastric bypass offers advantages of more pronounced excess weight loss and better symptom control, albeit with a potentially higher rate of morbidity compa...
Paraesophageal hernias (PEH) are common among patients with obesity. Most patients with severe obesity and a PEH will have the PEH repaired at the time of bariatric surgery. However, it is unclear whether there is increased risk when repairing a PEH during bariatric surgery.
Paraesophageal hernias (PEH) are common among patients with obesity. Most patients with severe obesity and a PEH will have it repaired at the time of bariatric surgery. However, it is unclear whether there is increased risk for repairing a PEH during bariatric surgery.
ConclusionsBD does not consistently result in 15-min time saving during TEP. Use of a disposable balloon dissector can be deferred in the experienced hands.Trial registrationClinicalTrials.gov (NCT03276871).