Doughnut-like hyperintense nodules on hepatobiliary phase without arterial-phase hyperenhancement in cirrhotic liver: imaging and clinicopathological features

ConclusionHBP-doughnut nodules without APHE in cirrhotic liver were not infrequent. None became malignant. We propose calling them ‘multiacinar cirrhotic nodules’ based on the classification by an International Working Party.Key Points• HBP-doughnut nodules without APHE were seen in 6% of patients with liver cirrhosis.• The enhancement peak of HBP-doughnut nodules without APHE was in the portal phase, which reflected the fact that they were supplied predominantly by the portal vein, based on angiography-assisted CT findings.• None of the HBP-doughnut nodules without APHE in cirrhotic liver became malignant, and in conjunction with limited pathological features, they may be corresponding to multiacinar cirrhotic nodules in the International Working Party classification.
Source: European Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research

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Conclusions. Hispanic patients with cirrhosis experience a survival advantage over many other racial groups despite adjustment for multiple covariates.
Source: Transplantation - Category: Transplant Surgery Tags: Original Clinical Science—Liver Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe additive risk of T2DM for HCC development was highest in patients with NASH. HCC risk may vary depending on the underlying etiology.
Source: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
by Yen-Chieh Lee, Jiun-Ling Wang, Yaa-Hui Dong, Hsi-Chieh Chen, Li-Chiu Wu, Chia-Hsuin Chang BackgroundInfection is a major complication in liver cirrhosis and causes major morbidity and mortality. However, the incidence and mortality related to these conditions in patients infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV) are unclear, as is whether antiviral therapy could change their infection risk. Methods and findingsIn this community-based cohort study, a total of 115,336 adults (mean age 52.2 years; 35.6% men) without cirrhosis participating in the New Taipei City Health Screening in 2005 –2008 were classified as having no...
Source: PLoS Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusion For patients with HBV-related liver cirrhosis and SBP, iMELD had the highest AUC among these eight models and was significantly superior to MELD, MESO, and Refit MELD in addition to CTP and ALBI scores in predicting 3-month and 6-month mortalities.
Source: European Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Original Articles: Hepatology Source Type: research
Abstract The number of patients with chronic liver diseases is expected to decline due to progress in antivirus therapy, including direct-acting antivirals for hepatitis C and nucleot(s)ide analogues for hepatitis B. On the other hand, the number of patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease/nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NAFLD/NASH) in the setting of metabolic syndrome has been increasing worldwide. Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) arises in the setting of chronic hepatic inflammation and liver cirrhosis associated with NAFLD/NASH. However, the detailed clinical features of NAFLD/NASH and NAFLD/NASH-derived HCC ...
Source: Yakugaku Zasshi : Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Yakugaku Zasshi Source Type: research
Abstract The human microbiota is a variety of different microorganisms. The composition of microbiota varies from host to host, and it changes during the lifetime. It is known that microbiome may be changed because of a diet, bacteriophages and different processes for example, such as inflammation. Like all other areas of medicine, there is a continuous growth in the area of microbiology. Different microbes can reside in all sites of a human body, even in locations that were previously considered as sterile; for example, liver, pancreas, brain and adipose tissue. Presently one of the etiological factors for liver ...
Source: Medicina (Kaunas) - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Medicina (Kaunas) Source Type: research
Conclusion: We find an annual incidence of HCC in alcoholic cirrhosis of 1.5% indicating need for surveillance in these patients. Survival after HCC diagnosis was worst in alcoholic cirrhosis due to more advanced stage at diagnosis with few patients eligible for treatment. PMID: 31389730 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Scand J Gastroenterol Source Type: research
This is so far the first meta ‐analysis about TM6SF2 polymorphisms and chronic liver disease. Our pooled analyses suggested that rs58542926 polymorphism was significantly associated with chronic liver disease in both Asians and Caucasians. Future investigations are warranted to explore potential roles of other TM6SF2 polymorph isms in the development of chronic liver disease. AbstractBackgroundSome genetic association studies tried to investigate potential associations of transmembrane 6 superfamily member 2 (TM6SF2) polymorphisms with chronic liver disease. However, the results of these studies were not consistent. Thus...
Source: Molecular Genetics & Genomic Medicine - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
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Source: The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Tags: Korean J Intern Med Source Type: research
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