Knowledge and attitudes about burn complications in medical students

The objective of this cross sectional study was to assess knowledge and attitudes in medical students regarding burn complications. A 12-question survey was distributed among 3rd, 4th and 5th year students of public sector medical colleges of Karachi, Pakistan. Out of 353 respondents, the proportion of students that were aware of burn complications was the following, with an expected response of 100% for each complication: depression [86%], fear [53.3%], post-traumatic stress disorder [40.8%], suicidal tendencies [35.1%], sleep disorder [30%], anxiety [27%], guilt [12.7%], personality changes [7%], eating disorder [5.4%], cardiac arrest [68%], hypothermia [64.3%], contractures [61%], infection [43.6%], chronic pain [41.6%], scarring [33%], chronic inflammation [24.9%], and muscle wasting [22.9%]. Most students were of the view that scarring occurs in third-degree burns [68%] only; being unaware of its presence in second-degree burns. 19.3% of the students incorrectly thought that surgery is needed for the healing of all burn patients. There appears to be a lack of basic knowledge about the physiological and psychological complications of burns among medical students of Pakistan.
Source: Burns - Category: Dermatology Source Type: research

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Conclusion: Experiencing defibrillator shocks was associated with psychological distress in ICD recipients; the relationship was fully mediated by ICD-related concerns and perceived control. These results suggest that clinicians should routinely assess ICD-related concerns and perceived control in patients with ICD. Research is needed to develop and test interventions to decrease emotional distress related to the ICD shock experience.
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing - Category: Nursing Tags: ARTICLES: Cardiovascular Disease Source Type: research
ConclusionBoth child and parent/guardian versions of the ARI appear sensitive to medication-induced irritability associated with LEV on both the group and individual levels. The findings extend the applicability of ARI from characterizing the presence of clinical irritability as a psychiatric diagnostic feature to a more modifiable aspect of behavior change related to medication management and support its use in clinical trial applications.
Source: Epilepsy and Behavior - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Authors: Porumb-Andrese E, Vâță D, Postolică R, Stătescu L, Stătescu C, Grăjdeanu AI, Pătrașcu AI, Popescu IA, Solovastru LG Abstract Common chronic conditions, such as cardiovascular diseases and psoriasis, are associated with increased psychological distress. Health-related quality of life and personality type in patients with these two diseases were evaluated, including the patient's ability to respond truthfully or his/her tendency to be introverted or extroverted. The subjects (n=63) responded to questionnaires including: SF-36 questionnaire, Eysenck test and the questionnaire of the affective di...
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
Authors: Fang L, Xu Z, Lu J, Hong L, Qiao S, Liu L, An J Abstract Hypothyroidism is associated with profound left ventricular dysfunction. Triiodothyronine (T3) supplementation may improve cardiac function after ischemic reperfusion (I/R) injury. In the present study, the effect of T3 on major calcium cycling proteins and high-energy phosphate content during I/R was evaluated. Isolated perfused rat hearts were divided into 5 groups: Sham Control (Sham, n=10), Control (n=8), T3 10 nM (T3-10, n=10), T3 25 nM (T3-25, n=10) and T3 50 nM (T3-50, n=10). T3 was administrated for 60 min before 30 min of ischemia and 120 mi...
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
Authors: Yu X, Wang J, Hou S, Zeng R Abstract Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) ankylosis in pediatric patients is rare and may cause severe micrognathia and obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. The present study reports on the treatment and 4-year follow-up of a pediatric patient with early-onset bilateral TMJ ankylosis and severe secondary micrognathia, as well as obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. A typical 'bird face' appearance was noted with severe mandible retrognathism and a significant convex facial profile. The treatment of this patient involved TMJ ankylosis release with condylectomy and simultaneous bilateral m...
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
Authors: Yang H, Wang Y, Gao J, Wang P, Jiang X, Tian D, Hu H Abstract A 67-year-old male patient had a history of repeated urinary tract infections for numerous years. X-ray examination revealed a large calcific density in the pelvic cavity, with a diameter of 10.4 cm and a CT value of ~792.9 HU. On MRI of the pelvis, the lesion displayed with extremely low signals. The inside of the stone had a concentric ring shape with a slightly higher signal and the patient was diagnosed with a large left seminal vesicle calculus. Laparoscopic surgery was selected to treat the stone. The patient recovered rapidly and the symp...
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
Conclusions: Knowledge of HIV status, be it positive or negative, was significantly associated with a decrease in depressive symptoms in 2 FSW populations. The expansion of HIV testing programs may have mental health benefits for FSWs.
Source: JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Prevention Research Source Type: research
Oral mucositis is among the most common tissue toxicities associated with both cytotoxic cancer regimens and head and neck radiotherapy. Current management of oral mucositis might comprise growth factors and cytokines, anti-inflammatory agents, anesthetics, analgesics, antimicrobial and coating agents, cryotherapy and mucosal protectants. Despite its long history and its impact on patients, there are currently no effective options for the prevention or treatment of mucositis. In recent years, more attention has been focused on the role of natural drugs. Verbascoside belongs to the phenylpropanoid glycosides family. Several...
Source: Anti-Cancer Drugs - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Review Article Source Type: research
DiscussionThese preliminary results suggest that even if patients believe that they have reduced cognition caused by their vestibular deficits, it remains challenging to demonstrate the effects using simple (standard) objective cognitive measures. We discuss the mismatch in results in terms of cognitive specificity, complexity and compensation. We propose that the objective measures may more likely show effects if combined with a dual task, or by performing complex imagery tasks, adding strain to cognitive resources.
Source: Neurophysiologie Clinique - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
ConclusionThe application of additional tactile cues using low thickness placed under the toes could contribute to change postural control and may have therapeutic benefits in the management of patients with chronic pain syndromes. This brings new perspectives also in the management of athletes to prevent injury risk and optimize performance.
Source: Neurophysiologie Clinique - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
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