What Does Non-Verbal Mean?

Discussion Children can be non-verbal for many reasons with most just not wanting to talk in a given situation for a short period of time (e.g. angry with a person, scared to give a speech at school, etc.). Children may have the ability to communicate verbally but for some reason it is physically impaired for a period of time. Selective mutism (SM) “… is characterized by an individual’s consistent failure to speak in social situations in which there is an expectation to speak (e.g., at school), despite speaking in other situations.” The lack of speech cannot be due to discomfort speaking in a given language (i.e. a person learning a new language) or be due to another developmental condition or communication disorder. It must occur for at least 1 month. The prevalence rate ranges depending on the group studied. In a general population setting about 0.7% has been cited. Symptoms generally appear between 2-4 years. Children usually will not speak in a public or semi-public setting and are more likely to speak at home. The cause is felt to be multifactorial with an interplay between genetics (there is increased rate of relatives with SM, anxiety and social phobia), temperament (more common in persons who avoid unfamiliar situations), environment (more common in immigrant children, where the problem is out of proportion to the language acquisition or may occur in both languages) and development (more common in children with motor delays, speech or languag...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

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Authors: Karimi G, Vard B, Riyahi R, Motlagh ME, Heshmat R, Kelishadi R Abstract This cross-sectional study was conducted among 14,400 Iranian students, aged 7-18 years to determine the association between the frequency of family dinner and mental health. Family dinner frequency, family relationship, life satisfaction (LS), self-perceived health and anxiety were assessed by validated questionnaires. Of 14,274 participants, 50.6% were boys and 71.4% were urban residents, with a mean (SD) age of 12.28 (3.16) years. Family dinner frequency was significantly correlated with LS (boys: β = 0.27, p 
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research
Authors: Priegnitz J, Langheim E, Rademacher W, Schmitz C, Köllner V Abstract An integrative patient-centered care concept is increasingly demanded for treatment of cardiac patients with concomitant mental disorders. The present study aims to investigate the effect of an integrated concept of psycho-cardiac care (PK) versus a monodisciplinary cardiac (K) or psychosomatic (PSO) care. Patients were examined at baseline (T0), at the time of discharge from the rehabilitation program (T1) and after 6 month (T2). General anxiety, depression (HADS), cardiac anxiety (HAF) and quality of life (SF-12) were evaluated usi...
Source: PPmP Psychotherapie Psychosomatik Medizinische Psychologie - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: Psychother Psychosom Med Psychol Source Type: research
Conclusions: Findings suggests that dual users of alcohol and marijuana with negative affect symptoms engage in substance use for similar reasons as single substance users with negative affect symptoms. Intervention efforts should examine ways to replace substance-related coping and expansion methods with non-substance-related methods. PMID: 31818171 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research
The Commonwealth Fund surveyed more than 13,000 primary care providers in 11 high-income countries — Australia, Canada, France, Germany, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, and the United States — to compare their experiences providing extended access to patients through home visits or after-hours care, coordinating care among different providers, and using health information technology. The results of the survey, conducted January to June 2019, are published in the January 2020 issue of Health Affairs.        
Source: The Commonwealth Fund: Publications - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Source Type: research
Chairman of The Nippon Foundation Yohei Sasakawa and BRAC Executive Director Asif Saleh announcing $2 million partnership. Credit: Rafiqul Islam / IPSBy Rafiqul IslamDHAKA, Bangladesh, Dec 11 2019 (IPS) In the light of limited access to education for displaced Rohingya children, the Nippon Foundation has announced US$ 2 million support to BRAC to launch a project to ensure educational facilities to both Rohingya and local community children. The Nippon Foundation made the announcement at a press conference at the BRAC Centre in Dhaka, which was attended by Nippon Foundation chairman Yohei Sasakawa and BRAC Executive Direc...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Asia-Pacific Conferences Development & Aid Education Featured Headlines Health Human Rights Migration & Refugees Poverty & SDGs TerraViva United Nations National Leprosy Conference - Dhaka 2019 Source Type: news
Source: Health Care Renewal - Category: Health Management Tags: conflicts of interest Donald Trump institutional conflicts of interest Source Type: blogs
Conditions:   Back Pain;   Back Pain With Radiation Interventions:   Diagnostic Test: Pressure pain assessment using computer controlled cuff algometry;   Diagnostic Test: Temporal summation (TS);   Diagnostic Test: Conditioned pain modulation (CPM);   Diagnostic Test: Low back pain rating scale (LBPRS-pain);   Diagnostic Test: Oswestry Disability Ind ex Sponsor:   Spine Centre of Southern Denmark Recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
I read with great interest the articles by Lee and Amdur and Wallner et  al on radiation oncology examinations in the United States.1,2 I have been an examiner in Australia for 10 years. Lee1 was incorrect when stating our written phase 1 component in Australia is taken after the completion of training. It is taken usually at the end of the second year of training and is composed of essays on anatomy, physics, and radiation biology. The phase 2 component is taken at the completion of training (5 years) and is composed of essays on radiation oncology, clinical oncology, and tumor pathology.
Source: International Journal of Radiation Oncology * Biology * Physics - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Comment Source Type: research
Conclusions: Survey participants demonstrated a wide variety of responses indicating their understanding of vitamin D testing and supplementation. Although providers estimate a high deficiency rate, many do not routinely check vitamin D. When they do check, there is no standard indication for testing or supplementation and many believe this to be the role of the pediatrician or endocrinologist. More studies are needed to provide a standardized protocol for vitamin D testing and supplementation in the pediatric orthopaedic literature. Clinical Relevance: POSNA survey.
Source: Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Selected Topics Source Type: research
Authors: Veleminsky M, Veleminsky M, Fedor-Freybergh P, Witzanyová A, ŠŇ•astná I Abstract The development of attachment during the perinatal and/or postnatal periods between a child their mother, father and family as whole can be observed. This attachment provides the child with the safety and security feelings and may provide satisfaction to the mother and other family members. In children with physical and mental developmental disability, attachment may be challenged immediately after birth. It is typically recovered after a certain period. The authors describe the development of attachment o...
Source: Neuroendocrinology Letters - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Neuro Endocrinol Lett Source Type: research
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