Neonatal polycystic kidney disease, a potential life-threatening condition at this age: A case report

We report a case of a 27-day-old male neonate admitted in our clinic for fever, foul-smelling urine, and diarrhea. A previous abdominal ultrasound at the age of 2 weeks revealed enlarged, hyperechoic kidneys, no abnormalities of the urinary exam. Clinical examination revealed poor general status, ill-looking face, diminished cutaneous turgor, distended abdomen, and palpable kidneys. Laboratory tests pointed out leukopenia, anemia, border-line platelet count, elevated inflammatory biomarker level, hyponatremia, hypoalbuminemia, proteinuria, leukocyturia, and hematuria. Both urine and blood cultures were positive for E. coli. Diagnoses: Abdominal ultrasound revealed bilateral nephromegaly, diminished parenchymatous index, with the absence of differentiation between the cortex and medulla. Abdominal MRI described bilateral nephromegaly, the hypertrophy comprising especially the structures of Malpighi pyramids, with multiple cystic lesions disseminated within both kidneys, projected also in Malpighi pyramids, their diameters ranging between 2 and 7 mm. Thus, our final diagnoses were polycystic kidney disease and sepsis due to urinary tract infection with E. coli. Interventions: After treating the infection, the patient was referred to a more experienced center for appropriate management of polycystic kidney disease. Outcomes: The progress of the patient until the age of 1 year and 2 months has been remarkably favorable, presenting first-degree chronic kidney disease, w...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research

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