Seroprevalence of Hydatidosis in People Referring to Reference Laboratory of Gorgan, Golestan Province, Northern Iran 2017.

Conclusion: The prevalence of human hydatidosis shows approximately the same range as other regions of Iran. Although due to the neighboring the Mazandaran Province reported as the highest seroprevalence of hydatidosis, we expected more rate of seropositivity. PMID: 31673262 [PubMed]
Source: Iranian Journal of Parasitology - Category: Parasitology Tags: Iran J Parasitol Source Type: research

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Infection of humans by the larval stage of the tapeworms Echinococcus granulosus sensu lato or Echinococcus multilocularis causes the life-threatening zoonoses cystic echinococcosis (CE) and alveolar echinococcosis (AE). Although cystic liver lesions are a hallmark of both diseases, course, prognosis, and patients’ management decisively differ between the two. The wide and overlapping spectrum of morphologies and the limited availability of ancillary tools are challenges for pathologists to reliably diagnose and subtype echinococcosis. Here, we systematically and quantitatively recorded the pathologic spectrum in a c...
Source: The American Journal of Surgical Pathology - Category: Pathology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
Abstract Echinococcosis is considered by the World Health Organization (WHO) to be a neglected zoonotic disease in the world. Some Tibetan communities were found to be highly endemic for echinococcosis just 20 years ago. Until recently, we were able to understand the overall disease burden of echinococcosis in Tibetan communities after prevalence data being available from nationwide investigations from 2012 to 2016. Data were abstracted from 9 publications regarding to echinococcosis prevalence between 2016-2018; from 10 data bases on echinococcosis prevalence for 151 Tibetan counties; and statistics of population...
Source: Acta Tropica - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Acta Trop Source Type: research
ConclusionHydatid cyst is one of the differential diagnoses of any cystic lesion in patients from an endemic areas of hydatid disease. Hydatid cysts of the female pelvic organs may be diagnosed initially as ovarian cyst, ovarian tumor, or pelvic infection. Most of the cases are diagnosed during surgery which is the main treatment modality; anthelminthic medications may help to decrease the recurrence rate.
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
This study presents data from the Kazakhstan Scientific and Practical Center for Sanitary and Epidemiological Evaluation and Monitoring on CE patients treated surgically, with a diagnosis confirmed by pathology. Evaluation of data from 2007 to 2016 indicated that the CE incidence rate decreased during this time period in most areas of Kazakhstan (country-level incidence rate of 5.6 versus 4.7 cases/100,000 population in 2007 and 2016, respectively). Cystic echinococcosis had a higher incidence in southern Kazakhstan, with an incidence rate between 7.0 and 10.5 cases per 100,000 population, whereas northern regions had rate...
Source: Am J Trop Med Hyg - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Am J Trop Med Hyg Source Type: research
Alveolar echinococcosis caused by Echinococcus multilocularis is an important zoonotic disease. In the infected mice, emu-miR-4989-3p is present in sera, but its role remains unknown. Using high-throughput sequencing and qPCR, emu-miR-4989-3p was herein confirmed to be encapsulated into E. multilocularis extracellular vesicles. In the transfected macrophages, emu-miR-4989-3p was demonstrated to significantly inhibit NO production compared to the control (p
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Abstract Echinococcosis is a serious zoonotic parasitic disease that could be fatal without diagnosis and treatment in a timely manner. Herein, we present a rapid and label-free method for screening of echinococcosis using surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS). Three groups of serum SERS spectra based on porous silicon/silver composites are obtained: one group from healthy volunteers (normal, n = 163) and two other groups from patients with pathologically confirmed echinococcosis (cystic echinococcosis (CE), n = 69 and alveolar echinococcosis (AE), n = 38). The derived characteristic spectrum was analyzed to ...
Source: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Anal Bioanal Chem Source Type: research
Authors: Wang W, Zhou X, Cui F, Shi C, Wang Y, Men Y, Zhao W, Zhao J Abstract Cystic echinococcosis (CE), a zoonotic disease caused by Echinococcus granulosus at the larval stage, predominantly develops in the liver and lungs of intermediate hosts and eventually results in organ malfunction or even death. The interaction between E. granulosus and human body is incompletely understood. Exosomes are nanosized particles ubiquitously present in human body fluids. Exosomes carry biomolecules that facilitate communication between cells. To the best of our knowledge, the role of exosomes in patients with CE is not reporte...
Source: Korean Journal of Parasitology - Category: Parasitology Tags: Korean J Parasitol Source Type: research
Abstract Cystic echinococcosis is a chronic and complex zoonotic disease. The mechanisms underlying the parasite's establishment, growth and persistence are not completely understood, and are thought be modulated by a crosstalk through extracellular vesicles (EVs). Here, EVs were isolated from the hydatid cyst fluid (HCF) of patients with cystic echinococcosis and protoscolex culture supernatant (PCS). Proteomic analysis of these EVs revealed several parasite- and human-derived proteins. Very few studies have performed proteomic analysis of EVs isolated from HCF and PCS. Our proteomic analysis of the EVs derived f...
Source: International Journal for Parasitology - Category: Parasitology Authors: Tags: Int J Parasitol Source Type: research
AbstractCystic echinococcosis is a potential zoonotic helminthic disease affect a broad spectrum of mammals including humans worldwide. The economic impact of the disease interestingly requires updated gathering information on the prevalence in slaughtered animals. Accordingly, in the current study, 573 camels, 4300 sheep, and 1235 pigs were surveyed in four Egyptian municipal abattoirs. Among those, 62 (10.82%) camels, 33 (0.77%) sheep and 3 (0.24%) pigs had cystic echinococcosis in lungs, livers and spleen. The diversity of cysts revealed that positive-cystic echinococcosis animals from all species were detected in El-Ba...
Source: Journal of Parasitic Diseases - Category: Parasitology Source Type: research
Echinococcosis is a zoonotic disease caused by the larval stages of taeniid cestodes of the genus Echinococcus. The two major types of infection in humans are cystic echinococcosis (CE) or hydatidosis and alveola...
Source: BMC Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
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