How Does Screw Migration or Fracture After Anterior Cervical Plate Fixation Affect the Radiographic and Clinical Outcomes?

The objective of this article is to assess the effect of screw migration and fracture associated with anterior cervical plating on long-term radiographic and clinical outcomes. Background Data: Screw migration and breakage detected after anterior cervical discectomy/corpectomy and fusion with plating may cause various implant-related complications and reduce solid fusion rate. However, little is known about their long-term prognosis. Materials and Methods: Medical records and radiographic data of 248 consecutive patients who underwent anterior cervical discectomy and fusion or anterior cervical corpectomy and fusion with a dynamic plating system and were followed up for ≥2 years were retrospectively reviewed. Patients who experienced screw migration or breakage were classified as screw failure group (SF group, n=25). Patients without screw loosening or fracture until the last follow-up were defined as the nonfailure group (NF group, n=223). Visual analogue scales for neck pain, arm pain, and neck disability index were assessed. Radiologic measurements were performed to analyze solid fusion. The solid union was defined as interspinous motion ≤1 mm on flexion/extension lateral x-rays. Results: A number of levels fused was significantly associated with increased risk of screw failure (P
Source: Journal of Spinal Disorders and Techniques - Category: Surgery Tags: PRIMARY RESEARCH Source Type: research

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Authors: Broadhead DY, Douglas HE, Bezjian Wallace LM, Wallace PJ, Tamura S, Morgan KC, Hemler DE Abstract Back pain and its associated complications are of increasing importance among military members. The sacroiliac joint (SIJ) is a common source of chronic low back pain (LBP) and functional disability. Many patients suffering from chronic LBP utilize opioids to help control their symptoms. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) has been used extensively to treat pain emanating from many different musculoskeletal origins; however, its use in the SIJ has been studied only on a limited basis. The patient in this case report pr...
Source: Military Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research
Conclusion. Long-term evidence supports lumbar total disc replacement as safe. The next-generation activL Artificial Disc is more effective at preserving range of motion than first-generation lumbar TDRs (ProDisc-L and Charité) and offers a higher safety profile. Other primary and secondary outcomes are similar between disc designs. Level of Evidence: 2
Source: Spine - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: RANDOMIZED TRIAL Source Type: research
Study Design. Cross-sectional study. Objective. The aim of this study was to study the personal and societal impact of low back pain (LBP) in patients admitted to a multidisciplinary spine center. Summary of Background Data. The socioeconomic burden of LBP is very high. A minority of patients visit secondary or tertiary care because of severe and long-lasting complaints. This subgroup may account for a major part of disability and costs, yet could potentially gain most from treatment. Currently, little is known about the personal and societal burden in patients with chronic complex LBP visiting secondary/tertiary c...
Source: Spine - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: EPIDEMIOLOGY Source Type: research
Study Design. This is an observational cohort study. Objective. The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of PT to an interdisciplinary treatment approach in patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP). Summary of Background Data. CLBP is a costly and potentially disabling condition. Physical therapy (PT), cognitive behavioral therapy, and interdisciplinary pain programs (IPPs) are superior to usual care. Empirical evidence is lacking to clearly support one treatment approach over another in patients with CLBP. Methods. One hundred seventeen adult patients who completed an IPP for individuals with &g...
Source: Spine - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: HEALTH SERVICES RESEARCH Source Type: research
Study Design. Retrospective cohort study. Objective. The aim of this study was to compare clinical and radiographic outcomes of patients who underwent stand-alone lateral lumbar interbody fusion (LLIF) to those who underwent posterolateral fusion (PLF) for symptomatic adjacent segment disease (ASD). Summary of Background Data. Recent studies have suggested that LLIF can successfully treat ASD; however, there are no studies to date that compare LLIF with the traditional open PLF in this cohort. Methods. A total of 47 consecutive patients who underwent LLIF or PLF for symptomatic ASD between January 2007 and Augus...
Source: Spine - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: SURGERY Source Type: research
Low back pain is the primary cause of adult disability worldwide and if poorly managed can precipitate the unnecessary use of opioids, diminish physical functioning, and lead to comorbid conditions interfering with patient quality of life. Providers who collaborate with a spinal interventionalist can effectively manage acute and chronic low back pain, improve physical functioning, and reduce the use of opioid analgesics. The implementation of specific spinal interventions, adjuvant analgesics, and collaboration with a multidisciplinary team can promote health and wellness for 1 of the most prevalent and debilitating global health conditions.
Source: The Journal for Nurse Practitioners - Category: Nursing Authors: Tags: Feature Article Source Type: research
Conclusions: Simple lumbar disc operations in the otherwise healthy patients can be safely performed under either spinal or general anesthesia. Both anesthetic methods led to comparable outcomes with minimal complications. PMID: 31788165 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Clin Orthop Surg Source Type: research
Authors: Namnaqani FI, Mashabi AS, Yaseen KM, Alshehri MA Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the McKenzie method compared to manual therapy in the management of patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP). Randomised controlled trials evaluating the McKenzie method in treating CLBP in adults compared to manual therapy (MT) were searched in MEDLINE, CINAHL, Cochrane Library, and PEDro. The primary outcomes were pain and disability. Five trials were eligible for inclusion in the review, of which, most had a score of 8 out of 11 on the PEDro scale. At 2-3 months, all studies reported si...
Source: Journal of Musculoskeletal Neuronal Interactions - Category: Neurology Tags: J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact Source Type: research
Abstract Minimally invasive surgical techniques are becoming increasingly common in spinal surgery in an attempt to decrease tissue trauma during surgery, which in turn decreases post-operative pain and opioid use. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical outcomes of a large group of patients with lumbar disc disease who underwent full endoscopic surgery. 857 patients who underwent fully endoscopic lumbar discectomy were investigated retrospectively. General demographics were evaluated in terms of mean operating time, mean length of hospital stay, mean time to return to work, complications and recurre...
Source: Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Neurol Neurochir Pol Source Type: research
This study describes the clinical and radiographic outcomes of patients treated with expandable interbody spacers for MIS LLIF.MethodsA retrospective, single surgeon, clinical and radiographic study was performed on 37 consecutive patients who underwent MIS LLIF at 1–2 contiguous level(s) using expandable spacers. Radiographic and clinical functional outcomes were collected and compared at preoperative and postoperative time points up to 12 months. Parametric and nonparametric tests were used when appropriate with p value
Source: Interdisciplinary Neurosurgery - Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research
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