Neoadjuvant cryotherapy improves dysphagia and may impact remission rates in advanced esophageal cancer

Conclusions LNSC provided safe and effective palliation for esophageal cancer patients who presented with dysphagia at index diagnosis. Its combination with chemoradiotherapy did not lead to any serious toxicity. Our study provides a scientific rationale for pursuing larger clinical trials addressing synergistic effects of combining LNSC with chemoradiation. [...] © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New YorkArticle in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  open access Full text
Source: Endoscopy International Open - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: Original article Source Type: research

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Esophageal adenocarcinoma is inflammation-associated cancer with a recognizable preneoplastic stage, Barrett’s. Barrett’s describes the metaplastic transformation of esophageal squamous mucosa into columnar epithelium that typically results secondary to mucosal damage caused by acidic gastroduodenal reflux. Continued acid reflux may then result in mucosal inflammation which results in progressive inflammation-induced genetic instability that may eventuate in esophageal adenocarcinoma. Barrett’s is the only recognized precursor lesion to esophageal carcinoma. Barrett’s mucosa is unique among preneopl...
Source: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: CLINICAL REVIEWS Source Type: research
Conclusions: Current literature suggests insufficient accuracy of endoscopic biopsies, EUS, and 18F-FDG PET(-CT) as single modalities for detecting residual disease after nCRT for esophageal cancer.
Source: Annals of Surgery - Category: Surgery Tags: META-ANALYSES Source Type: research
Conditions:   Clinical Stage IV Esophageal Adenocarcinoma AJCC v8;   Clinical Stage IV Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma AJCC v8;   Clinical Stage IV Gastric Cancer AJCC v8;   Clinical Stage IV Gastroesophageal Junction Adenocarcinoma AJCC v8;   Clinical Stage IVA Esophageal Adenocarcinoma AJCC v8;   Clinical Stage IVA Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma AJCC v8;   Clinical Stage IVA Gastric Cancer AJCC v8;   Clinical Stage IVA Gastroesophageal Junction Adenocarcinoma AJCC v8;   Clinical Stage IVB Esophageal Adenocarcin...
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Authors: Lee MC, Chen YK, Hsu YJ, Lin BR Abstract Niclosamide is an FDA‑approved anthelmintic drug, and may elicit antineoplastic effects through direct STAT3 inhibition, which has been revealed in numerous human cancer cells. Chemotherapy is the standard treatment for advanced esophageal cancers, but also causes severe systemic side effects. The present study represents the first study evaluating the anticancer efficacy of niclosamide in esophageal cancers. Through western blot assay, it was demonstrated that niclosamide suppressed the STAT3 signaling pathway in esophageal adenocarcinoma cells (BE3) and esophage...
Source: Oncology Reports - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Rep Source Type: research
AbstractThe clinical application of photodynamic therapy (PDT) for gastrointestinal (GI) neoplastic lesions has been developed with appreciation for the great efforts and kind support of Dr. Tom Dougherty and his followers ’ contributions. There are several published studies on clinical PDT in the field of GI oncology. Esophageal cancer was one of the first clinical indications for PDT that was approved as an endoscopic procedure in both the United States and Japan. PDT was initially used as a palliative local treat ment for patients with obstructive esophageal cancer. PDT is also indicated for eradicative therapy fo...
Source: Photochemistry and Photobiology - Category: Science Authors: Tags: SPECIAL ISSUE RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research
Publication date: March 2020Source: Biomedicine &Pharmacotherapy, Volume 123Author(s): Ying Wang, Nayiyuan Wu, Xia Luo, Xiaoyun Zhang, Qianjin Liao, Jing WangAbstractSOX2OT is a long non-coding RNA that is highly expressed in embryonic stem cells. The SOX2OT gene is comprised of 10 exons and more than two transcription start sites. Dysregulation of SOX2OT is observed in various tumors, including lung cancer, gastric cancer, esophageal cancer, breast cancer, hepatocellular carcinoma, ovarian cancer, pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma, laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma, cholangiocarcinoma, osteosarcoma, nasopharyngeal carc...
Source: Biomedicine and Pharmacotherapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Conclusion: In the general populations, no significant association was found between Helicobacter pylori infection and the risk of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. However, lower risk was found in the Middle East. Helicobacter pylori infection may reduce the risk of esophageal adenocarcinoma, but such "protection effect" may be overestimated. PMID: 31871444 [PubMed]
Source: Gastroenterology Research and Practice - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Gastroenterol Res Pract Source Type: research
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