Plant-based diets are best … or are they?

This study is also a reminder that the health impact of a particular intervention (such as diet) may not be easy to predict or explain. In most cases, the risk of stroke and heart disease tend to rise or fall together, but that wasn’t the case in this research. Beware the study’s limitations This study linking a vegetarian diet with a higher risk of hemorrhagic stroke has a number of important limitations that should temper the concerns of vegetarians. The study was observational. That means it simply observed what happened among different people who followed different diets over time, without being able to account for every other relevant factor. For example, if vegetarians chose plant-based diets because of a family history of stroke, it could be their genes driving the higher rates of stroke, not the diet. The findings might have been different if the study had included a different study population, such as one with different genetic backgrounds or higher rates of obesity. The data regarding diet was self-reported. While the use of dietary surveys is common and necessary in research that requires a large number of study subjects, it isn’t always reliable. The study was not large enough to reliably sort out differences in the rates of disease between vegans and vegetarians. As a result, it’s not clear whether the increased stroke risk applies to all vegetarians, or whether vegans might have a different risk. We don’t know whether the health ou...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Healthy Eating Heart Health Hypertension and Stroke Source Type: blogs

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AbstractThe relation of device related thrombosis (DRT) and major bleeding after left atrial appendage closure (LAAC) to laboratory thrombosis and hemostasis markers has not been studied. We performed a prospective case control study to identify clinical characteristics and laboratory markers in patients who developed DRT and major bleeding following WATCHMAN LAAC. Thromboelastography, platelet aggregation (PA), urinary 11-dehydrothromboxane B2 (UTX), fibrinogen,d-dimer, thrombin time and von Willebrand factor activity were determined at baseline, immediately following, and at 45 and 180  days post-LAAC (n =&th...
Source: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis - Category: Hematology Source Type: research
AbstractMyocardial infarction is a frequent complication of cardiovascular disease leading to high morbidity and mortality worldwide. Elevated C-reactive protein (CRP) levels after myocardial infarction are associated with heart failure and poor prognosis. Cardiomyocyte microvesicles (CMV) are released during hypoxic conditions and can act as mediators of intercellular communication. MicroRNA (miRNA) are short non-coding RNA which can alter cellular mRNA-translation. Microvesicles (MV) have been shown to contain distinct patterns of miRNA from their parent cells which can affect protein expression in target cells. We hypot...
Source: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis - Category: Hematology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The development of a full triad and additional symptomatology suggests a late recognition of signs and symptoms of WE in schizophrenia. Prophylactic thiamine checks and treatment in patients with schizophrenia are relevant, and if WE is suspected adequate parenteral thiamine supplementation is necessary. Key points Only few cases of schizophrenia-related WE have been published in the literature, though challenges in diagnosing and recognising WE suggest that the vast majority of cases go undetected. Acute thiamine deficiency leads to Wernicke's Encephalopathy. Patients diagnosed with schizophrenia are at risk ...
Source: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Int J Psychiatry Clin Pract Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 21 September 2020Source: The Lancet Diabetes &EndocrinologyAuthor(s): Srikanth Bellary, Abd A Tahrani, Anthony H Barnett
Source: The Lancet Diabetes and Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 21 September 2020Source: The Lancet Diabetes &EndocrinologyAuthor(s): Johannes F E Mann, Thomas Hansen, Thomas Idorn, Lawrence A Leiter, Steven P Marso, Peter Rossing, Jochen Seufert, Sayeh Tadayon, Tina Vilsbøll
Source: The Lancet Diabetes and Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 21 September 2020Source: PhytomedicineAuthor(s): Jung-Eun Lee, So Min Lee, Jeeyoun Jung
Source: Phytomedicine - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Publication date: October 2020Source: IJC Heart &Vasculature, Volume 30Author(s): Chayakrit Krittanawong, Yiming Liu, Dhruv Mahtta, Bharat Narasimhan, Zhen Wang, Hani Jneid, Jacqueline E. Tamis-Holland, Alam Mahboob, Usman Baber, Roxana Mehran, W.H. Wilson Tang, Christie M. Ballantyne, Salim S. Virani
Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Source: Anti-Cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Editorial Source Type: research
Source: Anti-Cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
Source: Anti-Cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
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