TBCRC023: A Randomized Phase II Neoadjuvant Trial of Lapatinib Plus Trastuzumab Without Chemotherapy for 12 vs. 24 Weeks in Patients with HER2-positive Breast Cancer.

CONCLUSIONS: Treatment with dual anti-HER2 therapy for 24 weeks led to a numeric increase in pCR rate in women with HER2-positive breast cancer, without using chemotherapy. If validated, this approach may help identify patients who may benefit from de-escalation of therapy. PMID: 31662331 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Clinical Cancer Research - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Clin Cancer Res Source Type: research

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In this study, we evaluated the therapeutic benefit of combining the TAB004 antibody with Liposomal-MSA-IL-2 in immune competent and human MUC1 transgenic (MUC1.Tg) mouse models of PDA and investigated the associated immune responses. Treatment with TAB004 + Lip-MSA-IL-2 resulted in significantly improved survival and slower tumor growth compared to controls in MUC1.Tg mice bearing an orthotopic PDA.MUC1 tumor. Similarly, in the spontaneous model of PDA that expresses human MUC1, the combination treatment stalled the progression of pancreatic intraepithelial pre-neoplastic (PanIN) lesion to adenocarcinoma. Treatment with t...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Conclusions: This meta-analysis demonstrated that CD44 overexpression might be an unfavorable prognostic factor for CRC patients and could be used to predict poor differentiation, lymph node metastasis and distant metastasis. Introduction Although therapies for colorectal cancer (CRC) has improved in recent years, colorectal cancer is still the third most common cause of cancer related death worldwide (1). Metastasis are observed in 25% of patients at initial diagnosis and approximately 50% of patients will develop metastasis (2). Presently, the outcome prediction and the therapy schedule determination of CRC patie...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Li Liu, Jiajing Lin and Hongying He* Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Liuzhou Worker’s Hospital, Fourth Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, Liuzhou, China Background and Objective: Endometrial cancer (EC) is a common gynecological malignancy worldwide. Despite advances in the development of strategies for treating EC, prognosis of the disease remains unsatisfactory, especially for advanced EC. The aim of this study was to identify novel genes that can be used as potential biomarkers for identifying the prognosis of EC and to construct a novel risk stratification using these genes. Me...
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
Conclusion: The texture analysis for breast DCE-MRI proposed in this study demonstrated potential utility in HER2 2+ status discrimination. Background Human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) is an orphan tyrosine kinase receptor. It is reported that HER2 is overexpressed in 15–20% of breast cancers. Overexpression of HER2 in breast cancer correlates with shortened disease-free survival. Compared with HER2-negative patients, patients with HER2-positive breast cancers have a poor prognosis, a high probability of lymph node metastasis and a high risk of recurrence (1–3). However, previous studies h...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
By BISHAL GYAWALI MD, PhD Hey, I’m back! Well, you might not have noticed that my blogs were missing for the last three months but anyways, its good to be back. I was having a little time off blogs and social media as I was transitioning in my career but now I am back. Sometimes, it is very difficult to manage time for things that you must do versus things you enjoy doing, especially when these two don’t intersect. For me, these last few months the things I had to do were all bureaucratic while I couldn’t find the time for things I enjoy doing like writing these blogs. But now that we are back,...
Source: The Health Care Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Medical Practice Physicians Bishal Gyawali Cancer drugs Clinical Trials Oncology Prostate Cancer RCTs Source Type: blogs
ConclusionsGenetic variability encoded in the DMET-chip, could be helpful as a predictive factor of pCR in patients with Luminal HER2(-) LABC, but only in combination with other factors such as grade-3 tumors, elevated Ki67, and premenopausal status.Citation Format: Boucher D, Newsome D, Takemoto D, Hillier S, Wang Y, Arimoto R, Maxwell J, Charifson P, Fields SZ, Tanner K, Penney MS. Preclinical characterization of VX-984, a selective DNA-dependent protein kinase (DNA-PK) inhibitor in combination with doxorubicin in breast and ovarian cancers [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the Thirty-Ninth Annual CTRC-AACR San Antonio Brea...
Source: Cancer Research - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Poster Session Abstracts Source Type: research
Background:Preclinical evidence has shown that in xenograft models with estrogen receptor (ER)+/HER2+ breast cancer, signaling through the ER pathway can be enhanced in the presence of anti-HER2 treatment and lead to treatment resistance. Concurrent targeting of ER and HER2 has led to enhanced treatment efficacy and complete tumor disappearance. We hypothesized that targeting ER with endocrine therapy concurrently with chemotherapy plus dual HER2 inhibition will not be antagonistic and can overcome ER-mediated resistance and result in higher pCR as neoadjuvant treatment of ER+/HER2+ breast cancer. NRG Oncology/NSABP B-52 i...
Source: Cancer Research - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: General Session Abstracts Source Type: research
We describe the status and frequency of germline DNA genetic findings in an unselected prospective cohort of triple negative breast cancer patients participating in a platinum-based neoadjuvant chemotherapy trial. Study population includes 124 consecutive patients with stage II-III TNBC from a trial exploring the antitumor activity of neoadjuvant carboplatin/docetaxel chemotherapy enrolled between 2012 and March 2015, to determine the frequency of germline DNA genetic mutations. 17.1 % of the patients with germline DNA tested had deleterious mutations in any of the analyzed genes (12.38 % in BRCA1, 1.9 % in ...
Source: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Our study represents one of the first systematic evaluations of bone turnover in pts exposed to modern A- and/or T-based Ctx for PBC in the clinical routine. Postmenopausal pts presented with higher baseline levels of all three markers which may be attributable to an enhanced bone turnover related to the loss of ovarian function prior to the initiation of Ctx. In postmenopausal pts, Ctx was associated with a sustained suppression of osteoblast activity whereas osteoblast suppression recovered until the end of Ctx in premenopausal pts. Whether these effects will translate into an increased risk of CTIBL remains...
Source: Cancer Research - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Poster Session Abstracts Source Type: research
Conclusions: Treatment with L+T (with endocrine therapy in ER+ tumors) for 24 weeks leads to doubling of the pCR rate in women with HER2+ breast cancer without using cytotoxic chemotherapy. This approach is effective and well tolerated and warrants study as part of a de-escalation strategy that may spare some patients the cost and toxicity of chemotherapy. Tissue obtained on this trial will provide a valuable resource to validate correlative findings from our prior studies and discover new biomarkers to help guide proper patient selection for treatment. Citation Format: Mothaffar F Rimawi, Polly A Niravath, Tao Wang, Brent...
Source: Cancer Research - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: General Session Abstracts Source Type: research
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