Neurodevelopmental disorder associated with de novo SCN3A pathogenic variants: two new cases and review of the literature
We present two additional patients with a novel de novo SCN3A pathogenic variant, and a review of all published cases of de novo variants. In one of our patients brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) disclosed a severe polymicrogyria and in the other it was normal. The clinical phenotype was characterized by a severe developmental delay and refractory epilepsy in the patient with polymicrogyria and intellectual disability with autistic features and pharmacoresponsive epilepsy in the subject with normal MRI.
Authors: Kurihara M, Ishiura H, Bannai T, Mitsui J, Yoshimura J, Morishita S, Hayashi T, Shimizu J, Toda T, Tsuji S Abstract Heterozygous mutations in KIF1A have been reported to cause syndromic intellectual disability or pure spastic paraplegia. However, their genotype-phenotype correlations have not been fully elucidated. We herein report a man with autism and hyperactivity along with sensory disturbance and spastic paraplegia, carrying a novel de novo mutation in KIF1A (c.37C>T [p.R13C]). Autism and hyperactivity have only previously been reported in a patient with c.38 G>A (R13H) mutation. This case sugge...
In this study, we performed an extensive assessment of the value of CMA for the diagnosis of children with ID/DD in China. Methods: A total of 633 patients diagnosed with DD/ID in West China Second University Hospital, Sichuan University, were recruited from January 2014 to March 2019. The patients were classified into 4 subgroups: isolated DD/ID, DD/ID with multiple congenital anomalies (MCA), isolated autism spectrum disorders (ASDs), and DD/ID with epilepsy. CMA was performed on Affymetrix 750K platform. Results: Among the 633 patients, 127 cases were identified as having pathogenic copy number variations (pCN...
We report here the derivation of familial iPSC lines from two controls and three ASD patients carrying NRXN1α+/−, using a non-integrating Sendai viral kit. The genotype and karyotype of the resulting iPSCs were validated by whole genome SNP array. All iPSC lines expressed comparable levels of pluripotency markers and could be differentiated into three germ layers.
ConclusionsThese data contribute to identifying an early trend of autism spectrum disorder, useful also for pediatricians.
AUTS2 was originally discovered as the gene disrupted by a translocation in human twins with Autism spectrum disorder, intellectual disability, and epilepsy. Since that initial finding, AUTS2-linked mutations and variants have been associated with a very broad array of neuropsychiatric disorders, sugg esting that AUTS2 is required for fundamental steps of neurodevelopment. However, genotype-phenotype correlations in this region are complicated, because most mutations could also involve neighboring genes. Of particular interest is the nearest downstream neighbor of AUTS2, GALNT17, which encodes a brain-expressed N-acetylgal...
CONCLUSION: In this concise review, we summarize and analyze the main hypotheses proposed to explain synaptic dysregulation in FXS, by reviewing the scientific evidence that led to pharmaceutical clinical trials and their outcome. PMID: 31682210 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
This article is part of the Special Issue “Proceedings of the 7th London-Innsbruck Colloquium on Status Epilepticus and Acute Seizures".
We present a patient with 17q12 deletion syndrome with significant atopy.
This article is part of the Special Issue "Proceedings of the 7th London-Innsbruck Colloquium on Status Epilepticus and Acute Seizures". PMID: 31678000 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
ConclusionsIn summary, our method identifies modules enriched with de novo non-synonymous mutations and can capture specific networks that underlie the epilepsy phenotype and display distinct enrichment in relevant biological processes. MAGI-S is available athttps://github.com/jchow32/magi-s.