Fatty acid synthase and stearoyl-CoA desaturase-1 are conserved druggable cofactors of Old World Alphavirus genome replication
In this study, we examine the role, in the CHIKV viral cycle, of fatty acid synthase (FASN) and stearoyl-CoA desaturase (SCD1), two key lipogenic enzymes required for fatty acid production and early desaturation. We show that both enzymes and their upstream regulator PI3K are required for optimal CHIKV infection. We demonstrate that pharmacologic manipulation of FASN or SCD1 enzymatic activity by non-toxic concentrations of cerulenin or CAY10566 decreases CHIKV genome replication. Interestingly, a similar inhibitory effect was also obtained with Orlistat, an FDA-approved anti-obesity drug that targets FASN activity. These drugs were also effective against Mayaro virus (MAYV), an under-studied arthritogenic Old world Alphavirus endemic in South American countries with potential risk of emergence, urbanization and dispersion to other regions. Altogether, our results identify FASN and SCD1 as conserved druggable cofactors of Alphavirus genome replication and support the broad-spectrum activity of drugs targeting the host fatty acids metabolism.Graphical abstract
Authors: Guzmán-Muñoz E, Sazo-Rodriguez S, Concha-Cisternas Y, Valdés-Badilla P, Lira-Cea C, Silva-Moya G, Henríquez R, Farias TY, Cigarroa I, Castillo-Retamal M, Méndez-Rebolledo G Abstract Thirty-two children with overweight or obesity were randomly divided into a neuromuscular training group (NTG) (n = 16) and a control group (CG) (n = 16). All individuals participated in the measurement of static postural control under two conditions: the double-leg stance with eyes open (EO) and eyes closed (EC). The center of pressure variables was obtained. mSEBT was used for dynamic postur...
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Up to 200,000 Regimens of Janssen ’s Investigational Ebola Vaccine to be Supplied to Rwanda for Use in Border Region near Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC)
Authors: Babaer D, Zheng M, Ivy MT, Zent R, Tiriveedhi V Abstract Previous phase I DNA-vaccine based clinical trials using Mammaglobin-A (Mam-A), a human breast tumor associated antigen (TAA), demonstrated that this agent was safe and efficient at treating patients with stage IV breast cancer. The long-term success of cancer vaccines is limited by the diminished expression of human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class I molecules in the tumor microenvironment. The current study assessed the impact of various selenocompounds on the expression of HLA class I molecules in THP-1 cells, an apparent proficient antigen that pres...
Publication date: 7 December 2019Source: New Scientist, Volume 244, Issue 3259Author(s):
CONCLUSION: Deficiencies in public knowledge and insufficient provider practices are likely contributing to the suboptimal rates of HPV vaccination among eligible males. Additionally, eligible males are not interested in speaking with their healthcare providers about either HPV or the HPV vaccine. If the rates of HPV vaccination within the male population are to increase, health educators, public health proponents, and vaccine advocates need to devise a more effective approach to disseminate this information to eligible male recipients. PMID: 31808930 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Publication date: Available online 7 December 2019Source: Cirugía Española (English Edition)Author(s): Isabel Mora Oliver, Norberto Cassinello Fernández, Raquel Alfonso Ballester, María D. Cuenca Ramírez, Joaquín Ortega SerranoAbstractObjectivesTo evaluate the effectiveness of conversion surgery in a bariatric surgery unit with 25 years of experience.MethodRetrospective observational study of patients with type II obesity or higher who were reoperated by means of conversion surgery due to weight regain, residual body mass index (BMI)>35 kg/m2 or 35 kg/m2 o pérdida
CONCLUSIONS: Pressure-controlled ventilation mode is not superior to volume-controlled ventilation mode in patients with laparoscopic bariatric surgery. PMID: 31806235 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Conclusion: This study suggested that oversewing the staple line during LSG has a significant clinical value: it decreased the incidence of postoperative bleeding, postoperative leakage; moreover, it also significantly prolonged the operative time and but did not change hospital stay. More high-quality and large sample RCTs are expected to get more accurate results. PMID: 31805796 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
After a deadly measles outbreak in Samoa, the government there says nearly everyone who is eligible has now been vaccinated for the disease. At least 65 people have died since October, and 57 of them were children under the age of four. Carter Evans reports.