Endocrine complications after solid-organ transplant in cystic fibrosis

In individuals with cystic fibrosis (CF), severe pulmonary or liver disease is frequently addressed with lung or liver transplant, respectively. Specific endocrine co-morbidities including diabetes mellitus, osteoporosis, and adrenal insufficiency accompany solid organ transplant and may be particularly problematic in individuals with CF, who are already at increased risk of diabetes and compromised bone health. Diabetes and osteoporosis screening and initiation of appropriate preventive measures are recommended prior to transplant.
Source: Journal of Cystic Fibrosis - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Source Type: research

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Abstract Human epididymis protein 4 (HE4) is an available tumor biomarker mainly for detecting ovarian cancer. However, it is unknown whether it can be a novel indicator for diagnosis of diabetic kidney disease (DKD). The aim of this study was to investigate the possibility of serum HE4 as a novel biomarker for DKD in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). We enrolled 236 patients with T2DM and 82 healthy individuals. Serum HE4 was detected by ARCHITECT i2000 and compared between T2DM patients and healthy controls. The relationships between various variables and HE4 were analyzed by univariate or multivari...
Source: Biomed Res - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Biomed Res Int Source Type: research
This study is to identify the circular RNA (circRNA) expression profile that is functionally related to pancreatic islet β-cell autophagy and their potential regulation mechanisms in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). T2DM rat model was constructed by administration of high-fat and high-sugar diet. β-cells were isolated from islets by flow cytometry. CircRNA expression profile in β-cells was detected by circRNA microarrays, and the differentially expressed circRNAs were identified and validated by qRT-PCR. MicroRNA (miRNA) target prediction software and multiple bioinformatic approaches were used to construct ...
Source: Biomed Res - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Biomed Res Int Source Type: research
In this study, sitagliptin nanoparticles (sizes ranging from 210 to 618 nm) were developed. The bioadhesion properties of the nanoparticles, as well as the swelling of the nanoparticles on the mucus membrane aided in sustained drug release. The pattern of drug release was in accordance with the Peppas model. Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy demonstrated that there were no significant interactions between sitagliptin and chitosan. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) results showed an absence of drug peaks due to the fact that the drug was present in an amorphous state. Mucoadhesive nanoparticles wer...
Source: Biomed Res - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Biomed Res Int Source Type: research
A new review examines the therapeutic benefits of exercise in chronic liver disease. Could it help improve frailty and quality of life among these patients?Alimentary Pharmacology &Therapeutics
Source: Medscape Transplantation Headlines - Category: Transplant Surgery Tags: Gastroenterology Journal Article Source Type: news
Authors: Lanthier L, Huard G, Plourde MÉ, Cauchon M PMID: 31812446 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Revue de Medecine Interne - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Rev Med Interne Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Reported complication rates associated with femoral VCD implantation are low. However, in some cases VCD implantation may account for severe complications including limb losses. Therefore, an adequate patient selection is necessary to detect those cases at higher risk for complications. PMID: 31814376 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: International Angiology - Category: Cardiology Tags: Int Angiol Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The presence of one or more prognostic factors as well as the various risk prediction models can guide selection of ACS patient subgroups for which a prophylactic CEA should or should not be offered. Decisions to offer prophylactic CEA should weigh in factors like surgeon's experience and hospital expertise/volume. Asymptomatic patients not expected to live long enough to benefit from the procedure should not be considered for CEA, but should be offered best medical treatment. PMID: 31814375 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: International Angiology - Category: Cardiology Tags: Int Angiol Source Type: research
Publication date: November 2019Source: Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease, Volume 26, Issue 6Author(s): Pieter Evenepoel, Britt Opdebeeck, Karel David, Patrick C. D'HaesePatients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are at increased risk of osteoporosis and vascular calcification. Bone demineralization and vascular mineralization go often hand in hand in CKD, similar to as in the general population. This contradictory association is independent of aging and is commonly referred to as the “calcification paradox” or the bone-vascular axis. Various common risk factors and mechanisms have been identified. Alternativel...
Source: Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Go to top 20 university GPA: 3.7 SGPA: 3.65 MCAT: 518 Michigan is instate Research: ~900 hours Clinical Volunteering: 200 hours Volunteering: 150-300 hrs Shadowing: 60 hours Leadership/activities: Tutor for 3 years, Newspaper reporter, and Co-director of an org that is assisting a health education center with creating a more health aware community (helping with diabetes, nutrition guidance, and made a health curriculum for kids) I’m a first gen college kid too. I’ve had one poster... What schools should I apply to
Source: Student Doctor Network - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: What Are My Chances? WAMC Medical Source Type: forums
ConclusionsComputational measures reflecting individual PVS size, length and width were more strongly associated with WMH, stroke and hypertension than computational count or visual PVS score. Multidimensional computational PVS metrics may increase sensitivity to detect associations of PVS with risk exposures, brain lesions and neurological disease, provide greater anatomic detail and accelerate sunderstanding of disorders of brain fluid and waste clearance.Graphical abstract
Source: NeuroImage: Clinical - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
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