Senescent Cells Consume their Neighbors

The accumulation of lingering senescent cells is an important contributing cause of degenerative aging. In this intriguing report, researchers note that senescent cells resulting from chemotherapy treatment can consume neighboring cells in order to prolong their survival. This is most likely the case for senescent cells in general, whatever their origin. This cellular cannibalism is probably detrimental to tissue function to some small degree, but, since senescent cells are always a tiny minority of all cells, even in old tissues, it is nowhere near as detrimental as the inflammatory signaling profile that accompanies cellular senescence. Unless this consumption of nearby cells is absolutely vital to the survival of a large fraction of long-lived senescent cells, the mechanisms involved are unlikely to present a useful point of intervention. Multicellular life requires individual cells to cooperate in a way that benefits the organism. Cells that are uncooperative because they are damaged or dysfunctional, and that pose a threat, are either eliminated by cell death or undergo a usually irreversible growth arrest called senescence. Senescent cells typically never divide (although there are some rare examples of cells exiting senescence and resuming division), but they can persist in tissues and contribute to ageing and cancer progression. Senescent cells are metabolically active6, and this is characterized by their secretion of proinflammatory molecules as part ...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Daily News Source Type: blogs

Related Links:

Authors: Wang J, Yang X, Han S, Zhang L Abstract Disrupted centrosome-associated family protein expression can result in the detrimental duplication of centrosomes, causing genomic instability and subsequent carcinogenesis. Limited research has demonstrated that centrosomal protein 131 (CEP131) exhibits oncogenic activity in osteosarcoma, hepatocellular carcinoma and breast cancer. The present study demonstrated that there is an association between CEP131 expression and advanced Tumor-Node-Metastasis stage (P=0.016), and positive regional lymph node metastasis (P=0.023) in 91 cases of non-small cell lung cancer. A5...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
Publication date: March 2020Source: Biomedicine &Pharmacotherapy, Volume 123Author(s): Ying Wang, Nayiyuan Wu, Xia Luo, Xiaoyun Zhang, Qianjin Liao, Jing WangAbstractSOX2OT is a long non-coding RNA that is highly expressed in embryonic stem cells. The SOX2OT gene is comprised of 10 exons and more than two transcription start sites. Dysregulation of SOX2OT is observed in various tumors, including lung cancer, gastric cancer, esophageal cancer, breast cancer, hepatocellular carcinoma, ovarian cancer, pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma, laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma, cholangiocarcinoma, osteosarcoma, nasopharyngeal carc...
Source: Biomedicine and Pharmacotherapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
This article summarizes the associations between miR-429 and malignant tumors as well as potential action mechanisms. miR-429 has a potential to be used in the future as a biomarker for the diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of certain cancers. PMID: 31884798 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Neoplasma - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Neoplasma Source Type: research
In this study, we hypothesized that moderately and chronically reducing ACh could attenuate the deleterious effects of aging on NMJs and skeletal muscles. To test this hypothesis, we analyzed NMJs and muscle fibers from heterozygous transgenic mice with reduced expression of the vesicular ACh transporter (VAChT), VKDHet mice, which present with approximately 30% less synaptic ACh compared to control mice. Because ACh is constitutively decreased in VKDHet, we first analyzed developing NMJs and muscle fibers. We found no obvious morphological or molecular differences between NMJs and muscle fibers of VKDHet and contro...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Abstract Cancer incidence rate has increased so much that it is the second leading cause of deaths worldwide after cardiovascular diseases. Sensitive and specific biomarkers are needed for an early diagnosis of cancer and in-time treatment. Recent studies have found that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) participate in cancer tumorigenesis. LncRNA P73 antisense RNA 1T (TP73-AS1), also known as KIAA0495 and p53-dependent apoptosis modulator (PDAM), is located in human chromosomal band 1p36.32 and plays a crucial role in many different carcinomas. This review summarizes current findings on the role of TP73-AS1 and its ...
Source: Bioscience Reports - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Tags: Biosci Rep Source Type: research
This study investigated the prevalence and the distribution of FGFR aberrations in Chinese cancer patients.MethodsWe screened genomic profiling results of plasma or tissue samples from 10,582 patients spanning 16 cancer types: lung, breast, gastric, hepatobiliary, pancreatic, soft tissue sarcoma, esophageal, ovarian, colorectal, head and neck, renal, endometrial, osteogenic sarcoma, cervical, melanoma and lymphoma.ResultsOf the 10,582 patients screened, we observed 745 patients with FGFR aberrations, revealing an overall prevalence of 7.03%. Approximately, 3.78% harbored FGFR amplification, 2.73% had other mutations and 0....
Source: Annals of Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
In conclusion, these findings suggest that FXT could be a promising lead compound to be used as a novel STAT3 inhibitor and potential antitumor agent for the treatment of NSCLC. PMID: 31080186 [PubMed - in process]
Source: The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Tohoku J Exp Med Source Type: research
Conclusion MTDH is pro-oncogenic factor playing multifaceted and diverse roles in cancer progression. Its association and central role in regulating signaling pathways such a MAPK, wnt/β-catenin, PI3K/AkT, NF-κβ pathways in various cancers shows that it plays a vital role in metastasis. MTDH contribution to chemo and radiotherapy resistance provides a new direction for the development of anticancer therapeutics. Multiple mechanisms converge to promote expression of MTDH in cancers. Further studies are therefore warranted to determine whether the elevated MTDH expression has prognostic value for development...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Authors: Roslan Z, Muhamad M, Selvaratnam L, Ab-Rahim S Abstract Low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR) has been an object of research since the 1970s because of its role in various cell functions. The LDLR family members include LRP5, LRP6, and LRP8. Even though LRP5, 6, and 8 are in the same family, intriguingly, these three proteins have various roles in physiological events, as well as in regulating different mechanisms in various kinds of cancers. LRP5, LRP6, and LRP8 have been shown to play important roles in a broad panel of cancers. LRP5 is highly expressed in many tissues and is involved in the modulation...
Source: Journal of Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: J Oncol Source Type: research
Conclusions Several model systems are now available to characterize the MSC-tumour interplay in the TME. These offer early promise in establishing robust preclinical platforms for the identification of crucial molecular pathways and for the assessment of clinical efficacy of novel drugs to inhibit cancer development and progression. However, selection of the right model for a given study should be shaped on the purpose, and should also consider fixed biological, biochemical, and biophysical parameters according to the specific tumour type. Finally, in order to get reliable and useful results to be translated to the clinic...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
More News: Bone Cancers | Breast Cancer | Cancer | Cancer & Oncology | Chemotherapy | Lung Cancer | Orthopaedics | Osteosarcoma | Research | Transplants