pTuneos: p rioritizing tu mor neo antigens from next-generation s equencing data

ConclusionsIn summary,pTuneos provides the state-of-the-art one-stop and user-friendly solution for prioritizing SNV-based candidate neoepitopes, which could help to advance research on next-generation cancer immunotherapies and personalized cancer vaccines.pTuneos is available athttps://github.com/bm2-lab/pTuneos, with a Docker version for quick deployment athttps://cloud.docker.com/u/bm2lab/repository/docker/bm2lab/ptuneos.
Source: Genome Medicine - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research

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Cancer immunotherapy is a success story of translational medicine that has led to improved survival in patients with different difficult-to-treat types of cancer, such as metastasized melanoma, non-small cell lung cancer or renal cell carcinoma. These novel therapeutic agents exert their antitumor effects by activating the patients' immune system against cancer cells. Immunotherapy can be divided into active agents, such as anti-tumour vaccines or adoptive T-cell transfer, and passive immunotherapies like monoclonal antibodies, checkpoint inhibitors, cytokine therapy, bispecific T-cell engagers.
Source: International Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: research
Abstract Brain metastasis (BM) is associated with a poor prognosis, with the typical overall survival rate ranging from weeks to months in the absence of treatment. Although the concept of immune privilege in the central nervous system has eroded over time, the advent of immunotherapy has opened a new set of potential therapeutic options for patients with BM. Recently, immunotherapy has been demonstrated to confer survival advantages to patients with multiple malignancies commonly associated with BMs. Data from a number of clinical trials have demonstrated that immune checkpoint inhibitors are effective for patien...
Source: International Journal of Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Int J Oncol Source Type: research
ConclusionsCurrent clinical trials are exploring combination therapy and novel treatment strategies beyond immune checkpoint therapies and vaccine therapy such as CAR T cells. There is also an effort to establish synergy between immunotherapy and current standard of care. Furthermore, recent advances in personalized neoantigen vaccines suggest a shift towards personalized, patient-specific GBM treatment.
Source: Journal of Neuro-Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
ConclusionSo far the vaccine is well tolerated and safe. Neoantigen prediction and immunotherapy manufacturing is feasible within 6 weeks of patient enrolment using the PIONEERTM platform. Preliminary analyses indicate induction of NeoPepVac-specific immune responses.Clinical trial identificationEudraCT: 2018-002892-16.Legal entity responsible for the studyInge Marie Svane.FundingInnovations fonden.DisclosureJ.V. Kringelum: Full / Part-time employment, PhD, Director, Genomic Immuno-Oncology: Evaxion. T. Bogenrieder: Full / Part-time employment, CMO at Evaxion: Evaxion. B. R ønø: Full / Part-time employment, P...
Source: Annals of Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Patients with mesothelioma are now eligible for a multicancer clinical trial studying the effectiveness of personalized immunotherapy at the University of California, San Diego Medical Center. The phase I clinical trial involves a combination of Keytruda (pembrolizumab), a proven immunotherapy drug, and an individualized vaccine based upon the genetic mutations found in each patient’s cancer. “This is the future of cancer treatment,” Dr. Ezra Cohen, principal investigator and director of the San Diego Center for Precision Immunotherapy, told The Mesothelioma Center at Asbestos.com. “Now, we still ha...
Source: Asbestos and Mesothelioma News - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Source Type: news
Hui Zhou, Xiaoyan Fu, Qian Li and Ting Niu* Department of Hematology and Research Laboratory of Hematology, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China Background: Immune checkpoint inhibition therapy with monoclonal antibody against programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1), including nivolumab and pembrolizumab, has demonstrated powerful clinical efficacy in the treatment of advanced cancers. However, there is no evidence-based systematic review on the safety and efficacy of anti-PD-1 antibody in treating lymphoma. Methods: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of nivolumab/pembrolizumab, we analyzed clin...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Michal Yalon1†, Amos Toren1,2†, Dina Jabarin2, Edna Fadida3, Shlomi Constantini3 and Ruty Mehrian-Shai1* 1Pediatric Hemato-Oncology, Edmond and Lilly Safra Children's Hospital and Cancer Research Center, Sheba Medical Center, Ramat Gan, Israel 2The Sackler School of Medicine, Tel-Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel 3Department of Pediatric Neurosurgery, Dana Children's Hospital, Tel-Aviv-Sourasky Medical Center, Tel Aviv, Israel Pediatric brain tumors are the most common solid tumor type and the leading cause of cancer-related death in children. The immune system plays an important r...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Conclusions This review describes how leukocyte-heparanase can be a double-edged sword in tumor progression; it can enhance tumor immune surveillance and tumor cell clearance, but also promote tumor survival and growth. We also discuss the potential of using heparanase in leukocyte therapies against tumors, and the effects of heparanase inhibitors on tumor progression and immunity. We are just beginning to understand the influence of heparanase on a pro/anti-tumor immune response, and there are still many questions to answer. How do the pro/anti-tumorigenic effects of heparanase differ across different cancer types? Does...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Conclusions MDSC are major players in the immunosuppressive scenario in cancer, thanks to their phenotype heterogeneity and critical interaction with several innate immune cells, thus representing a crucial target in oncology. Here we reviewed the interactions of MDSCs with NK cells. The contribution of key cytokines, chemokines and mediators active in this process have been discussed. We also described the contribution of MDSC on angiogenesis directly or indirectly through interactions with NK and immunosuppressive activities. A parallel of the cancer associated to the decidual counterpart of these cells is discussed, a...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Conclusions and Perspectives In this review, we have discussed important milestones from the early description of “Serum-sickness” as being due to antibodies directed against Neu5Gc epitopes all the way to the present-day therapeutic implications of these antibodies in cancer therapy. Some of these milestones have been represented in a concise timeline (Figure 6). While the “Xenosialitis” hypothesis is well-supported in the human-like mouse models, it has yet to be conclusively proven in humans. It remains to be seen if “Xenosialitis” plays a role in other uniquely-human diseases. FI...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
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