Upregulation of Long Noncoding RNA (lncRNA) X-Inactive Specific Transcript (XIST) is Associated with Cisplatin Resistance in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) by Downregulating MicroRNA-144-3p.

CONCLUSIONS Upregulation of lncRNA-XIST was associated with cisplatin resistance in NSCLC by downregulating miRNA-144-3p in H460/DDP and A549/DDP cells, a murine A549/DDP tumor xenograft, and human tumor tissues from patients with cisplatin-resistant NSCLC. PMID: 31659146 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Medical Science Monitor - Category: Research Tags: Med Sci Monit Source Type: research

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In conclusion, ensartinib may perpetrate clinically relevant pharmacokinetic DDIs and modulate ABCB1-, ABCG2-, and CYP3A4-mediated MDR. The in vitro findings presented here will provide a valuable foundation for future in vivo investigations.
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Abstract Non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is one of the common malignant tumors, and multidrug resistance (MDR) and tumor metastasis limit the anticancer effect of NSCLC. Therefore, it is necessary to develop new anticancer drug that can inhibit MDR and metastasis of NSCLC. In the present study, we found that 5-(2-chlorophenyl)-4-(4-(3,5-dimethoxyphenyl)piperazine-1-carbonyl)-2H-1,2,3- triazole (MAY) displayed strong cytotoxic effect on A549 and taxol-resistant A549 cells (A549/Taxol cells). We further discovered that MAY led to G2/M phase arrest by inhibiting microtubule polymerization in both cells. Then MAY...
Source: Chemico-Biological Interactions - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: Chem Biol Interact Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Together, we demonstrated that circRNA_103762 is upregulated in NSCLC and functions as an oncogene in NSCLC, and circRNA_103762 enhanced MDR by inhibited CHOP expression in NSCLC cells. These results will help us understand the MDR of NSCLC, providing better effective therapy strategies for patients. PMID: 32118311 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Clinical Lung Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: J Clin Lab Anal Source Type: research
Abstract Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is a common diagnosed cancer disease worldwide and its management remains a challenge. Synergistic cancer therapeutic strategy is interesting for multiple advantages, such as excellent targeting accuracy, low side effects, and promoted therapeutic efficiency. In the present study, myricetin (Myr)-loaded mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSN) combined with multidrug resistance protein (MRP-1) siRNA was prepared. The surface of the synthesized nanoparticles was modified with folic acid (FA) to promote the therapeutic efficiency of Myr for the treatment of NSCLC. The collect...
Source: Biomedicine and pharmacotherapy = Biomedecine and pharmacotherapie - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Biomed Pharmacother Source Type: research
Authors: Zhang H, Luo Y, Xu W, Li K, Liao C Abstract The aberrant expression of long non-coding RNAs is closely associated with drug resistance in multiple types of cancer. Long intergenic non-coding RNA 00707 (LINC00707) has previously been reported to be an oncogene able to promote lung adenocarcinoma cell proliferation and metastasis. However, its role in the progression of cisplatin (DDP) resistance in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) requires further elucidation. In the present study, LINC00707 and microRNA (miR)-145 expression levels were measured using reverse transcription-quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR). MTT ...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 1 November 2019Source: Chemico-Biological InteractionsAuthor(s): Zhaoshi Bai, Xiaolin Liu, Qi Guan, Nianyang Ding, Qing Wei, Bending Tong, Min Zhao, Weige Zhang, Lingman MaAbstractColorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most common malignancies, and multidrug resistance (MDR) reduces the efficiency of anticancer drugs. Therefore, the development of novel anticancer drugs that are highly active against CRC with MDR is urgently needed. Our previous study showed that 5-(3,4,5-trimethoxybenzoyl)-4-methyl-2-(p-tolyl) imidazol (BZML) is not a P-glycoprotein (P-gp) substrate and has a potent antic...
Source: Chemico Biological Interactions - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
Abstract Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most common malignancies, and multidrug resistance (MDR) reduces the efficiency of anticancer drugs. Therefore, the development of novel anticancer drugs that are highly active against CRC with MDR is urgently needed. Our previous study showed that 5-(3,4,5-trimethoxybenzoyl)-4-methyl-2-(p-tolyl) imidazol (BZML) is not a P-glycoprotein (P-gp) substrate and has a potent anticancer effect against paclitaxel -sensitive or -resistant non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in vitro and in vivo. In the present study, we found that BZML exhibited strong anticancer activity not o...
Source: Chemico-Biological Interactions - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: Chem Biol Interact Source Type: research
Abstract Over the past decades, studies of phytochemicals as modifiers of radiotherapeutic efficacy have become increasingly popular to improve the treatment outcome of human malignancies. In the current comprehensive review article, radiosensitizing effects of curcumin, a yellow-colored polyphenolic constituent of turmeric, in various preclinical cancer models, both In Vitro and In Vivo, are presented. Attenuation of radioadaptation and augmentation of irradiation-induced cancer cell killing are achieved through multifaceted action of curcumin on suppression of prosurvival and antiapoptotic factors. Mos...
Source: Nutrition and Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Nutr Cancer Source Type: research
Authors: Jin C, Song P, Pang J Abstract Lung cancer negatively impacts global health, and the incidence of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is highest among all forms of lung cancer. Chemotherapy failure mainly occurs due to drug resistance; however, the associated molecular mechanism remains unclear. Casein kinase II (CK2), which plays important roles in the occurrence, development and metastasis of many tumours, regulates Wnt signaling by modulating β-catenin expression. In the present study the effects of the CK2 inhibitor, CX4945 on cisplatin [or cis-diamminedichloroplatinum (II); (DDP)]-resistant A549 c...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
Abstract Lung cancer, similar to other chronic diseases, occurs due to perturbations in multiple signaling pathways. Mono-targeted therapies are not ideal since they are not likely to be effective for the treatment and prevention of lung cancer, and are often associated with drug resistance. Therefore, the development of multi-targeted agents is required for novel lung cancer therapies. Thioredoxin reductase (TrxR or TXNRD1) is a pivotal component of the thioredoxin (Trx) system. Various types of tumor cells are able to overexpress TrxR/Trx proteins in order to maintain tumor survival, and this overexpression has ...
Source: Biochemical Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Biochem Pharmacol Source Type: research
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