Tomoelastography characterizes liver lesions

Tomoelastography -- an MRI technique that enables visualization of the mechanical...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: Ultrasound options abound for diagnosing liver disease
Source: Headlines - Category: Radiology Source Type: news

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: Ultrasound (US) is frequently the first line imaging technique used in patients with abdominal pain and clinical suspicion of chronic pancreatitis (CP), but its role in the diagnosis and follow-up of CP is still controversial.
Source: Digestive and Liver Disease - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: Liver, Pancreas and Biliary Tract Source Type: research
A 71-year-old woman presented to the emergency room of an academic hospital for biliary vomit of one week duration. Her past medical history was remarkable for a recurrent atypical meningeal neoplasia, diagnosed ten years earlier, treated with surgical excision and radiotherapy in 2008, then only with radiotherapy in2013, 2015, 2017. Blood tests revealed increased serum gamma-glutamyltransferase and alkaline phosphatase. At physical examination, hepatomegaly was noted; abdominal ultrasound revealed multiple inhomogeneous hypo-echoic hepatic lesions (the largest 11  cm in diameter).
Source: Digestive and Liver Disease - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: Image of the Month Source Type: research
AbstractThe aim of the present study was to identify predictors of outcome and complications in patients with small hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) treated by percutaneous microwave ablation (MWA). Patients with non-previously treated small ( ≤ 3 cm) HCCs who underwent ultrasound (US)-guided percutaneous MWA between July 2016 and January 2019 were included. For each patient, the following variables were registered: age, sex, albumin, platelet count, INR/PT, PTT ratio, total bilirubin, liver status, etiology of liver disease, Child– Pugh classification, tumor dimension, margin, and hepatic segment, tumor...
Source: Medical Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Hepatic cirrhosis is a potential severe complication of chronic heart failure and has major implications on treatment options. In general, patients with cirrhosis are considered ineligible for isolated cardiac transplantation. Therefore, proper diagnosis of cirrhosis is paramount. The aim of this retrospective study is to explore the diagnostic value of abdominal ultrasound, hepatosplenic scan and abdominal computed tomography scan (CT scan) for liver disease secondary to advanced heart failure.
Source: The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation - Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Tags: (564) Source Type: research
It turns out that many more people than just boomers can benefit from testing for hepatitis C, a viral infection of the liver that often causes no symptoms. If you’re a member of the baby-boom generation (born between 1946 and 1964), your doctor may have already recommended the test. But those born before or after those years may not have known about the test unless they had a risk factor for hepatitis C, such as a history of intravenous drug use. A new guideline is changing this approach. Why the different recommendations for baby boomers? In 2012–2013, the CDC and the US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Digestive Disorders Health Infectious diseases Men's Health Sexual Conditions Women's Health Source Type: blogs
Background/Objective: Percutaneous biopsy (PB) and transjugular liver biopsy (TJLB) are 2 main ways of obtaining liver tissue. We evaluated the indications, success rate, tissue yield, and complications of TJLB in comparison to PB in children. Methods: Electronic records of children undergoing liver biopsy (LB) were reviewed. Clinico laboratory data including indication, type of biopsy, complications, and tissue yield (length and number of complete portal tracts [CPT]) were noted. Results: Five hundred forty LB (indication: neonatal cholestasis [42.9%], chronic liver disease [43.7%], liver failure [3.7%], focal les...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Original Articles: Hepatology Source Type: research
ConclusionUltrasonographically acquired HRI has a significant predictive impact on the detection of prediabetes and diabetes in patients with NAFLD.
Source: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
The objective of this study was to investigate the prevalence and risk factors of MAFLD in rural areas of Xinxiang, Henan in 2017. We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of rural inhabitants aged 20–79 years in Xinxiang, Henan in 2017, using cluster random sampling (N = 9140). Physical examinations were conducted at local clinics from April to June 2017. After overnight fasting, all participants underwent physical examinations, blood routine tests, biochemical examinations, and liver ultrasound and completed questionnaires. We investigated the crude and age-adjusted MAFLD prevalence and analyzed the characterist...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
AbstractPurposeBariatric surgery can improve non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Yet data on the effect on fibrosis are insufficient and controversial. This work endeavored to evaluate the safety of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) in cases that have compensated non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH)-related cirrhosis and its impact on fibrosis stage.MethodsThe current prospective work involved 132 cases with Child-A NASH-related cirrhosis suffering from morbid obesity scheduled for LSG. They were subjected to preoperative assessment, wedge biopsy, and ultrasound-guided true-cut liver biopsy after 30  months...
Source: Surgical Endoscopy - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
AbstractBackground and aimsThere is limited literature on endoscopic ultrasound-guided liver biopsy (EUS-LB), a new method of obtaining liver biopsy (LB).MethodsWe conducted a retrospective study of the efficacy and safety of EUS-LB compared to percutaneous liver biopsy (PC-LB) in patients with chronic liver disease at our center between January 2018 and August 2019.ResultsThirty patients underwent EUS-LB and 60 patients underwent PC-LB were identified (median follow-up post-LB was 8  days; interquartile range (IQR), 3–5 days). The median number of portal tracts was significantly higher in the PC-LB group (13 vs. 5;P 
Source: Journal of Ultrasound - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
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