#MayoClinicRadio podcast: 10/26/19

Listen: Mayo Clinic Radio 10/26/19 On the Mayo Clinic Radio podcast, Dr. Purna Kashyap, co-director of the Mayo Clinic Center for Individualized Medicine Microbiome Program, discusses gut microbiome research. Also on the podcast, Dr. Robert Jacobson, a Mayo Clinic pediatrician, shares what you need to know about bats and rabies. And Dr. Karen Swanson, a Mayo Clinic pulmonologist, shares [...]
Source: News from Mayo Clinic - Category: Databases & Libraries Source Type: news

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This study showed that the immune fingerprint approach can be used to screen vaccine formulations. It provides additional information compared to classical vaccination and infectious challenge efficacy study.
Source: Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
Abstract Rabies virus is an enveloped negative-stranded RNA virus belonging to the family Rhabdoviridae. It can be successfully controlled by vaccination however, there are still tens of thousands of deaths each year caused by rabies virus due to its mutations and complexity. A better understanding of the interaction between the rabies virus and the host might help solve this problem. Therefore, in this study, we used two-dimensional electrophoresis to investigate the protein expression of rabies virus-infected mice. This can help us to understand the impact of rabies virus on host protein expression during infect...
Source: Acta Virologica - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Acta Virol Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: All the studies we identified concerned dog bites. There is no high-certainty evidence to support or refute existing recommendations concerning primary closure for dog bites. The potential benefits and harms of primary closure compared with delayed or no closure for mammalian bites remain uncertain and more robust trials are needed. PMID: 31805611 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research
​Fingertip injuries and amputations are common in the emergency department, often occurring on weekends when consultants are not available. Some experienced physicians may consider rongeuring distal tuft amputation injuries, but simple closure and expert consultation for more difficult cases are suggested.A fingertip amputation within zone III involving total amputation of the distal tip, fingernail, matrix, and tuft. Photos by M. Roberts.Care of fingertip amputations in the ED should focus on removing debris and cleaning the wound as best as possible, closing the wound using available skin, bandaging and splinting for c...
Source: The Procedural Pause - Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Blog Posts Source Type: blogs
AbstractMonitoring neuronal activityin vivo is critical to understanding the physiological or pathological functions of the brain. Two-photon Ca2+ imagingin vivo using a cranial window and specific neuronal labeling enables real-time,in situ, and long-term imaging of the living brain. Here, we constructed a recombinant rabies virus containing the Ca2+ indicator GCaMP6s along with the fluorescent protein DsRed2 as a baseline reference to ensure GCaMP6s signal reliability. This functional tracer was applied to retrogradely label specific V1 –thalamus circuits and detect spontaneous Ca2+ activity in the dendrites of V1 ...
Source: Neuroscience Bulletin - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases, Ahead of Print.
Source: Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Source Type: research
This article provides information on these and other travel vaccinations against hepatitis A, typhoid fever, rabies, Japanese encephalitis and cholera.Yellow fever endemic areas are located in Africa and in South America; there is no yellow fever in Asia. The meningococcal vaccine (A, C, W, Y) is required for pilgrims to Saudi Arabia. Additionally, it is recommended for travellers visiting the African "meningitis belt" during the dry season. A polio booster is required for countries with endemic wild-type polio virus (WPV) or circulating vaccine derived poliovirus (cVDPV).Hepatitis A is a common vaccine-prev...
Source: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz Source Type: research
In conclusion, our results demonstrate that MPLA serving as an adjuvant enhances the intensity of humoral immune responses by activating the cDC–Tfh–GC B axis. Our findings will contribute to the improvement of the efficiency of traditional rabies vaccines.
Source: Viruses - Category: Virology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
by Bruce A. Kimball, Steven F. Volker, Doreen L. Griffin, Shylo R. Johnson, Amy T. Gilbert Rabies is a zoonotic disease caused by infection with rabies virus, which circulates naturally in several wild carnivore and bat reservoirs in the United States (US). The most important reservoir in the US from an animal and public health perspective is the raccoon (Procyon lotor). To prevent the westward expansion of a significant raccoon rabies epizootic along the eastern seaboard, an operational control program implementing oral rabies vaccination (ORV) has existed in the US since the 1990s. Recently, two vaccine efficacy studies...
Source: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionsWithout strong surveillance systems, rabies-free countries are vulnerable to becoming endemic when incursions happen. To prevent this, it may be necessary to vaccinate at least 38% to 56% of the susceptible dog population depending on the risk of reintroduction and transmission dynamics.
Source: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
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