The Effect of Functionality- and Aesthetic-Focused Images on Australian Women’s Body Satisfaction

Abstract Negative effects of viewing images of thin and attractive models have been well documented. However, these models are typically presented in an objectified, passive form with a focus on the aesthetic qualities of the body. Little is known about women’s responses to models presented in an active form, with a focus on athleticism and performance. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to test body conceptualization theory by exposing women to models presented with a focus on the body-as-object (BAO), the body-as-process (BAP), or images of scenery, and to examine whether a desire to achieve an athletic body interacted with these effects. A convenience sample of 160 women was recruited from the general public, gyms, and university in a regional Australian area. Participants completed pre- and post-test measures of state mood, fitness and body satisfaction as well as a trait measure of athletic internalization. Results showed that exposure to either BAP or BAO images produced similar negative outcomes compared to exposure to scenery. Thus, emphasis on performance cues still elicits negative self-evaluations. However, differences between women high and low on athletic internalization were primarily found in response to the BAO images. That is, women who desired an athletic physique reported greater depression, anger and feelings of fatness after viewing the posed models compared to women who expressed less desire for an athletic body shape. Further resear...
Source: Sex Roles - Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

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This study aimed to investigate the risk of self-harm following diagnosis of different psychiatric disorders in an Asian population, through a review of inpatient records retrieved from the Hong Kong Clinical Data Analysis and Reporting System (CDARS).MethodsFor this nested case-control study, the inpatient data of people admitted for any reason to Hong Kong public hospitals, between Jan 1, 2000, and Dec 31, 2010, were extracted from CDARS. Cases were people aged 10 years or older who had been admitted to inpatient care with a first-listed record of psychiatric disorder during the study period. The seven psychiatric disord...
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Authors: Ludwikowska-Świeboda K, Lachowska B Abstract OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the following study was to verify the psychometric properties of the Polish version of the Inventory of Complicated Grief. METHODS: 278 people who experienced loss of a close relative or a friend participated in the research on adaptation of the tool. The following research methods were applied: ICG (Inventory of Complicated Grief), BDI (Beck Depression Inventory), STAI (State-Trait Anxiety Inventory), IES-R (Impact of Events Scale-Revised), AHS (Adult Hope Scale), LOT-R (Life Orientation Test-Revised), GSES (General Self-Efficacy...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research
The objective of this study was to determine the efficacy and safety of WBC as an add-on treatment for depressive episode. METHODS: 30 adults diagnosed with depressive episode were recruited to an observational, prospective study. 21 participants (17 women, 81%), mean age 46.1 (±16.7), completed the whole study procedure. The Hamilton Depression Rating Scale and the Beck Depression Inventory were used to assess the severity of depressive symptoms. Additionally, quality of life and anhedonia were assessed with the WHOQoL-BREF and the SHAPS. Participants undertook 10, 2-minute (from - 110 C to - 135 degrees C) WBC...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research
CONCLUSION Older adults who participated in SC showed better perception on OHRQoL, independently of sociodemographic, psychosocial and clinical factors.
Source: Revista de Saude Publica - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
AbstractNeuroinflammation appears to be associated with the neurobiology of depression, and treatments targeting inflammation have shown promising results in depression. This meta-analysis examined the efficacy and safety of minocycline, an anti-inflammatory drug, for the treatment of depressive symptoms. A systematic electronic literature search was independently conducted by two investigators. Standardized mean differences (SMDs) and risk ratio (RR) with their 95% confidence interval (CI) were calculated using a random-effect model. Four RCTs (n = 211) were identified for meta-analysis. Minocycline showed a s...
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
ConclusionsTaken together, these data are the first to illustrate the effects of fluoxetine on behavior and adult hippocampal neurogenesis across all four phases of the murine estrous cycle.
Source: Psychopharmacology - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) was studied from the 1950s to the 1970s to evaluate behavioral and personality changes, as well as remission of psychiatric symptoms in various disorders. LSD was used in the treatment of anxiety, depression, psychosomatic diseases and addiction. However, most of the studies were not performed under contemporary standards, and it has taken several decades for a resurgence of interest in LSD research and its therapeutic potential for psychiatry. The aim of this review is to identify controlled and randomized clinical trials that assess the potential use of LSD in psychiatry. PRISMA guideline...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Psychiatric disorders impose a huge burden on individuals, families, and society. The Alu repeat sequence is a member of the short interspersed nuclear element (SINE) family of mammalian genomes, however, its expression pattern and role in psychiatric disorders is unclear. The current paper aimed at determining the concentrations of Alu in patients with schizophrenia (SZ), major depressive disorder (MDD), and alcohol-induced psychotic disorder (AIPD), and to further define the role and value of Alu as a potential biomarker in psychiatric disorders. In this work, we found that the concentration of Alu was considerably incre...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Source: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment Source Type: research
Source: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment Source Type: research
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