Factors predicting endocrine late effects in childhood cancer survivors from a Japanese hospital.

Factors predicting endocrine late effects in childhood cancer survivors from a Japanese hospital. Endocr J. 2019 Oct 25;: Authors: Shimazaki S, Kazukawa I, Mori K, Kihara M, Minagawa M Abstract We retrospectively analyzed endocrine late effects in 81 childhood cancer survivor (CCS) patients who had been referred to our endocrinology department in Chiba Children's Hospital between January 1, 2008 and December 31, 2016. Among 69 eligible patients (33 male, 36 female), endocrine late effects were identified in 56 patients (81.1%). The median age at the last visit to our endocrinology department was 17.4 years (range: 7.1-35.3 years). The most common primary cancer was acute lymphoblastic leukemia (22 patients, 31.8%). Forty-four patients (64%) were treated using radiation therapy. A primary brain tumor and high doses (≥6 g/m2) of cyclophosphamide were significantly associated with growth hormone deficiency (GHD). Our present study suggests that high doses of cyclophosphamide is a risk factor for GHD. Adult heights and pubertal growth spurts of patients treated with radiation therapy were significantly lower than patients not treated with radiation therapy. Our retrospective study reconfirmed that hematopoietic stem cell transplantation and chronic graft versus host disease (GVHD) were associated with elevated risks of primary hypothyroidism. However, it is unclear whether GVHD induces thyroid dysfunction. Gonadal radiation and busulfan were associated wit...
Source: Endocrine Journal - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Endocr J Source Type: research

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