Psychological interventions for alcohol use disorders in people living with HIV/AIDS: a systematic review

ConclusionThis systematic review did not reveal large or sustained intervention effects of psychological interventions for either primary alcohol use or secondary HIV-related outcomes. Due to the methodological heterogeneity, we were unable to undertake a meta-analysis. Effectiveness trials of psychological interventions for AUDs in PLWH that include disaggregation of data by level of alcohol consumption, gender and age are needed. There is a need to standardise alcohol use outcome measures across studies and include objective biomarkers that provide a more accurate measure of alcohol consumption and are relatively free from social desirability bias.Systematic review registrationPROSPERO CRD  42017063856.
Source: Systematic Reviews - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

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CONCLUSIONS: This study highlights differences in HIV risks and healthcare engagement by HIV status. These findings show different barriers exist per HIV status group, and underscore the need to address Filipinx trans-WSM and cis-MSM's poor engagement in HIV services in the Philippines. PMID: 32844564 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of the International AIDS Society - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: J Int AIDS Soc Source Type: research
Funding Opportunity RFA-AI-20-023 from the NIH Guide for Grants and Contracts. This Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA) solicits applications to continue the International epidemiology Databases to Evaluate AIDS (IeDEA) Program. The IeDEA program is comprised of 7 regional data center awards, which bring together clinical and research data within regions, and in collaboration monitor and guide the response to the HIV/AIDS epidemic. This research includes work on the long-term impact of HIV and its treatment, the epidemiology of common co-infections (e.g., hepatitis and tuberculosis). Research also evaluates health care...
Source: NIH Funding Opportunities (Notices, PA, RFA) - Category: Research Source Type: funding
This article is republished from The Conversation. Read the original article. The post Coronavirus: Ten Reasons Why You Ought Not to Panic appeared first on Inter Press Service. Excerpt: Ignacio López-Goñi is microbiologist and works in University of Navarra (Spain). The post Coronavirus: Ten Reasons Why You Ought Not to Panic appeared first on Inter Press Service.
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Global Headlines Health Coronavirus Source Type: news
More millennials in the U.S. are suffering from chronic health problems, potentially restraining the lifetime economic potential of a generation of young adults. A spike in conditions like depression, hypertension and high cholesterol among younger people could increase health-care costs and lower incomes in coming years, according to a report Wednesday from the Blue Cross Blue Shield Association, a federation of 36 independent companies that together provide coverage for 1 in 3 Americans. Between 2014 and 2017, rates of depression among millennials surged by 31%, while hyperactivity rose 29% and hypertension increased 16%...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Bloomberg Healthcare onetime Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 22 October 2019Source: Social Science &MedicineAuthor(s): Abigail M. Hatcher, Andrew Gibbs, Ruari McBride, Dumisani Rebombo, Mzwakhe Khumalo, Nicola ChristofidesAbstractMen whose sexual behaviors place them at risk of HIV often exhibit a “cluster” of behaviors, including alcohol misuse and violence against women. Called the “Substance Abuse, Violence and AIDS (SAVA) syndemic,” this intersecting set of issues is poorly understood among heterosexual men in sub-Saharan Africa. We aim to determine cross-sectional associations between men's use of alcohol, violence,...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
LIFE EXPECTANCY DISPARITIES AMONG ADULTS WITH HIV IN THE UNITED STATES AND CANADA: THE IMPACT OF A REDUCTION IN DRUG- AND ALCOHOL-RELATED DEATHS USING THE LIVES SAVED SIMULATION (LISSO) MODEL. Am J Epidemiol. 2019 Oct 11;: Authors: Althoff KN, Chandran A, Zhang J, Arevalo WM, Gange SJ, Sterling TR, Gill MJ, Justice AC, Palella FJ, Rebeiro PF, Silverberg MJ, Mayor AM, Horberg MA, Thorne JE, Rabkin CS, Mathews WC, Klein MB, Humes E, Lee J, Hogg R, Moore RD, North American AIDS Cohort Collaboration on Research and Design (NA-ACCORD) of IeDEA Abstract Improvements in life expectancy among people with HIV ...
Source: Am J Epidemiol - Category: Epidemiology Authors: Tags: Am J Epidemiol Source Type: research
A startup is doing its part in aiding relief efforts for the local opioid epidemic through its new mobile app. Recover Amped (RA) is finalizing the development of a mobile app designed to help consumers find immediate treatment options for alcohol and substance abuse disorders. The app, along with its website, offers a number of recovery services benefitting a wide spectrum of users, including people searc hing for treatment, those on the road to recovery, and family and friends. “So many people…
Source: Health Care:Biotechnology headlines - Category: Biotechnology Authors: Source Type: news
We examined the association among ownership of cell phones, sexual behaviors (number of sexual partners, alcohol use before sex, inconsistent condom use), and HIV prevalence. Data were from four rounds (2010–2016) of the Rakai Community Cohort S tudy (N = 58,275). Sexual behaviors and HIV prevalence were compared between people whoowned a cell phone to people whodid not own a cell phone. We stratified analysis by younger (15 –24 years) and older (25+ years) age groups and by gender. Using logistic regression and after adjusting for sociodemographic characteristics, we found cell phone ...
Source: AIDS and Behavior - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
In conclusion, this study indicates that Zambian college students' risky sexual behaviors are associated with multiple behavioral health risks. Future research should consider using a multiple-behavior change intervention. PMID: 31309429 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Archives of Sexual Behavior - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Arch Sex Behav Source Type: research
This Tuesday, the San Francisco Board of Supervisors is scheduled to vote on a proposed ordinance that would ban the sale of cigarettes and marijuana products in the city until the FDA conducts a safety review of these products.The impetus for the proposed ordinance was new data showing that a large proportion of San Francisco youths are still smoking and that the use of marijuana may even be increasing, especially with the recent legalization of recreational marijuana use. The city attorney explained that: " The epidemic is real. It needed attention. We felt it was necessary to step in and make sure we were protectin...
Source: The Rest of the Story: Tobacco News Analysis and Commentary - Category: Addiction Source Type: blogs
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