New drugs could reduce risk of stroke happening again

A wide-reaching EU-funded project is testing new anti-blood clotting treatment in patients who have suffered a brain haemorrhage. Researchers hope to reduce the risk of the patient suffering from another stroke, which would impair their quality of life and life expectancy.
Source: EUROPA - Research Information Centre - Category: Research Source Type: news

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CONCLUSIONS: Neurological involvement in MM encompasses a myriad of variants and while the clinical setting varies from one patient to another, an underlining neoplasia should be evaluated in suspected patients. PMID: 32239096 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology - Category: General Medicine Tags: Rom J Morphol Embryol Source Type: research
AbstractThe benefits and risks of acute reperfusion therapy (RT) in acute ischaemic stroke (AIS) remain uncertain in older patients, especially in nonagenarians. We aimed to assess the impact of RT in this population. Single-center retrospective cohort study comparing patients  ≥ 90 years old admitted to a Stroke Unit (2008–2018) with AIS, submitted or not to RT [intravenous thrombolysis(IVT), mechanical thrombectomy(MT) or both]. Baseline characteristics, in-hospital complications and 3-month outcomes were compared. The primary outcome was 3-month “favorable o utcome”, defined as mo...
Source: Internal and Emergency Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research
This study evaluated microRNA (miRNA) changes in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and their association with the occurrence of delayed cerebral ischemia (DCI) and poor functional outcome after SAH. Forty-three selected miRNAs were measured in daily CSF samples from a discovery cohort of SAH patients admitted to Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark, and compared with neurologically healthy patients. Findings were validated in CSF from a replication cohort of SAH patients admitted to Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts. The CSF levels of miRNA over time were compared with the occurrence of DCI, and functional outco...
Source: Translational Stroke Research - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The severity of neurologic impairment is significantly associated with gastrointestinal (GI) hemorrhage. Therefore, the aim of this study was to compare the effect of two nutritional interventions in acute ischemic stroke patients with GI hemorrhage. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: We retrospectively studied consecutive ischemic stroke patients with GI hemorrhage from January 2014 to December 2018. They were stratified into two programs of nutritional therapy after GI hemorrhage: moderate feeding (more than 70% optimal caloric uptake, 50-100 mL/h) and trophic feeding (16-25% of t...
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - Category: Nutrition Authors: Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research
ConclusionsElectrographic seizures and periodic and rhythmic patterns in patients with AIS are associated with worse outcomes in a dose-dependent manner. Future studies are needed to assess whether treatment of this EEG activity can improve outcomes.
Source: Neurocritical Care - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Despite significant functional and neurological improvements following rehabilitation, stroke patients with underlying CKD had higher average duration of hospital stay, more recurrent hospitalisations and poorer survival outcomes than those without underlying CKD. This could be attributed to the complications associated with CKD rather than stroke. Multidisciplinary community rehabilitation may be an alternative to reduce recurrent hospitalisations and morbidity in this group of patients. PMID: 32241068 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Singapore Medical Journal - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Singapore Med J Source Type: research
Conclusion: Leukocyte subtype profiles in the acute phase of ischemic stroke represent a predictor of outcome independently of infections. Stroke-evoked sterile inflammation is a pathophysiological relevant mechanism that deserves further investigation.
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
The objective of this study will be to compare the efficacy of and extracranial-intracranial bypass surgery with that of other medical therapy in adult patients with occlusive atherosclerotic disease of the anterior cerebral circulation.MethodsThis is the study protocol for a systematic review. We will search MEDLINE, EMBASE, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library (from January 1980 onwards). We will include randomized controlled trials, quasi-experimental studies (non-randomized, interrupted time series), and observational studies (e.g., cohort studies and case-control studies), examining the efficacy of extracranial-in...
Source: Systematic Reviews - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Conclusion: Bladder filling is suspected to increase the sympathetic tone and cause a hiccup reflex. Bladder filling could be a factor triggering hiccups in pontine hemorrhage.
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research
This article reviews the evidence base and recommendations for medical management for secondary stroke prevention. RECENT FINDINGS Recent developments for secondary stroke prevention include evidence to support the use of short-term dual antiplatelet therapy after minor stroke and transient ischemic attack, direct oral anticoagulants for nonvalvular atrial fibrillation, reversal agents for direct oral anticoagulant–associated hemorrhage, and aspirin rather than presumptive anticoagulation with a direct oral anticoagulant for embolic stroke of undetermined source. SUMMARY Most strokes are preventable. The mainst...
Source: CONTINUUM: Lifelong Learning in Neurology - Category: Neurology Tags: REVIEW ARTICLES Source Type: research
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