Emerging multidrug resistance isolates of hospital-acquired bacterial meningitis in a tertiary care centre in North India.

Conclusion. In hospital-acquired bacterial meningitis, multidrug resistance Gram negative bacteria are a huge challenge for the treatment of patients. Hence, antimicrobial stewardship should be followed to counteract with the emerging multidrug resistance isolates. PMID: 31647400 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Medical Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: J Med Microbiol Source Type: research

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In this study, chlorhexidine (CHX)–silver (Ag) hybrid nanoparticles (NPs) coated gauze was developed, and their bactericidal effect and in vivo wound healing capacities were tested. A new method was developed to synthesise the NPs, wherein Ag nitrate mixed with sodium (Na) metaphosphate and reduced using Na borohydride. Finally, CHX digluconate was added to form the hybrid NPs. To study the antibacterial efficacy of particles, the minimal inhibition concentration and biofilm degradation capacity against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria was studied using Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus. The results ...
Source: IET Nanobiotechnology - Category: Nanotechnology Source Type: research
In this research, the hydrothermal method was used for synthesising cellulose acetate (CA) templated nanorods like CuS fibres using vegetable extract (Brassica oleracea var. italica). These extracts act as a reducing agent in the presence of CA. Surprisingly, when the same reaction was carried out in the absence of CA and broccoli extract, structural morphology disappeared and was found as agglomerated. In the presence of cellulose templated extract mediated CuS has revealed as nanorods like fibres and was confirmed by field emission scanning electron microscope analysis. Their crystallinity property of CuS nanoparticles (...
Source: IET Nanobiotechnology - Category: Nanotechnology Source Type: research
of a municipality in the state of Bahia, Brazil, was assessed. Samples of Lactuca sativa, L., Coriandrum sativum and Solanum lycopersicum, soil, and irrigation water were analyzed between August and October, 2015. Total coliforms (TC), Escherichia coli, molds and yeasts on vegetables, soil an...
Source: African Journal of Microbiology Research - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 15 January 2020Source: Colloids and Surfaces B: BiointerfacesAuthor(s): Susmita Biswas, Udita Chatterjee, Sriparnika Sarkar, Finaz Khan, Debbethi Bera, Madhumita Mukhopadhyay, Soumyabrata Goswami, Sandip Chakrabarti, Susmita DasAbstractLow Molecular Weight (LMWG) gelators are small molecules that form supramolecular self-assembly involving physical forces and are highly biocompatible. However, fragility of these physical gels restricts their applicability where gels of higher mechanical strength are required. Herein, we have developed two different types of 2-D carbon nanomaterials viz. g...
Source: Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
ConclusionBlockchain provides a secure and transparent system of integrated healthcare services that keeps patients at the center and provides for corruption intolerant and efficient implementation of nationwide health-insurance programs.
Source: Health Policy and Technology - Category: Health Management Source Type: research
ConclusionsBiofilm disruption and cell viability were influenced by the species, the test agent and the duration of exposure. CTAB and SDS were more effective in biofilm disruption than Tween 80 ™. Graphical depiction of biofilm disruption- and viability-outcomes provides an alternative means of simultaneously visualising and analysing relative efficacy in different domains.Clinical relevanceSurfactants were not as effective at biofilm disruption as NaOCl but may be added to other non-disruptive antibacterial agents to enhance this property.
Source: Clinical Oral Investigations - Category: Dentistry Source Type: research
This study examines prevalence and correlates of IPV in four Indian states—TamilNadu, Kerala, AndhraPradesh, and Karnataka-before and after the Indian Ocean tsunami of 2004. Drawing on three waves of National Family Health Surveys of India-six years before, immediately after, and a decade after disaster, this paper evaluates if TamilNadu and Kerala (severely affected) exhibited higher prevalence of IPV than AndhraPradesh (moderately affected) and Karnataka (not directly affected). Logistic regression analyses determine association between IPV, state of residence (proxy for experience of disaster), and other covariate...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
Conclusion: These findings suggest that MAP-positive cows could be more resistant to E. coli infection, but when infected, could rapidly translocate E. coli to the subepithelial region. PMID: 31939335 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Veterinary Quarterly - Category: Veterinary Research Tags: Vet Q Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 January 2020Source: Microbes and InfectionAuthor(s): Clémence Massip, Camille V. Chagneau, Michèle Boury, Eric OswaldAbstractA functional synergy was previously demonstrated between microcin, salmochelin and colibactin islands in Escherichia coli strains from B2 phylogroup. We aimed to determine this association prevalence in uropathogenic E. coli, and whether it was predictive of the infection severity in a collection of 225 E. coli strains from urinary samples. The high prevalence of this triad, even if it wasn't correlated with infection severity, suggested that it mig...
Source: Microbes and Infection - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Candida auris has recently emerged as a global cause of multidrug resistant fungal outbreaks. An outbreak occurred at a tertiary care center in London in 2016. Transmission characteristics, interventions, patient outcomes and cost of resources are described.
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
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