Does the inclusion of vehicle impoundment in provincial short-term administrative driver's license suspension programs reduce total and alcohol-related fatal collisions in Canada?

Conclusions: While mandatory vehicle impoundment programs for driving in the "warn" range (0.05%-0.08% BAC) have shown success in reducing fatal crashes in British Columbia, similar reductions in two other provinces with short-term vehicle impoundment were not observed. Moreover, large reductions in fatal crashes were observed in two provinces without vehicle impoundment as part of their short-term ADLS programs. Collectively, these findings suggest that vehicle impoundment, alone, has limited impact on fatal crash rates and that other factors help to explain the observed trends. Further analysis of new vehicle impoundment programs is warranted. PMID: 31647336 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

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Authors: Kwako LE, Patterson J, Salloum IM, Trim RS PMID: 31942280 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Alcohol Research - Category: Addiction Tags: Alcohol Res Source Type: research
Chem. Commun., 2020, Accepted Manuscript DOI: 10.1039/C9CC09103C, CommunicationFranziska K ühn, Satoko Katsuragi, Yasuhiro Oki, Cedric Scholz, Shuji Akai, Harald Gröger In spite of the tremendous success of dynamic kinetic resolutions for a broad range of compound classes, tertiary alcohols and their corresponding esters have still remained as one of the... The content of this RSS Feed (c) The Royal Society of Chemistry
Source: RSC - Chem. Commun. latest articles - Category: Chemistry Authors: Source Type: research
A promising avenue for health behavior change is to influence conversational valence, that is, the extent to which people talk negatively or positively about health behaviors. However, no research to date has experimentally manipulated conversational valen...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
Brief alcohol interventions are an effective strategy for reducing harmful and risky alcohol use and misuse. Many effective brief alcohol interventions include information and advice about an individual's alcohol use, changing their use, and assistance in ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
BACKGROUND: Identifying and addressing heavy drinking represents a major public health priority worldwide. Whilst the majority of alcohol screening and brief intervention (ASBI) research has been conducted in western, high-income countries, evidence is gro...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
BACKGROUND.: Losses to follow-up impact the collection of outcomes among patients with alcohol dependence syndrome (ADS). We aimed to study the feasibility and acceptability of using telephonic contact as a means of following up new patients with ADS. The ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
At the end of 2018, almost 1/5th of Sweden's population were migrants (born abroad). Migrants in Sweden, including refugee migrants, have higher risks for psychosis and PTSD, but lower risks for alcohol dependence and suicide than Swedish-born. Regarding d...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
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Source: Journal of American College Health - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Source Type: research
The objective of the technique is to establish a possible neural marker that could identify which teenagers would abuse alcohol when they entered adulthood and devise interventions that might delay alcohol use. The researchers used BOLD MRI on 29 participants who drank minimal alcohol between the ages of 12 and 14, and over the course of the study, 15 had evolved into binge drinkers. The BOLD inhibitory control test was used to determine blood flow changes that happened in tandem with neuron activation. In the group ’s initial imaging round at age 18, participants were asked to press a button when they saw ...
Source: radRounds - Category: Radiology Authors: Source Type: blogs
Authors: Burgess Dowdell E, Noel J Abstract Self-harm involves the direct and deliberate destruction of body tissue without suicidal intent and is identified as a maladaptive attempt to cope with stressful emotions. This descriptive, correlational study used a secondary analysis of 5,411 high school students where 72% (n = 3,895) reported knowing someone who had cut or tried to harm themselves in some other way. Students who reported knowing someone who self-harms were more likely to smoke cigarettes, drink alcohol, and use drugs. These students also reported higher rates of bullying, cyberbullying, i...
Source: Issues in Mental Health Nursing - Category: Nursing Tags: Issues Ment Health Nurs Source Type: research
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