When policy meets the pedal: A reduction in motorcyclist fatalities following the implementation of a road traffic law in Lagos, Nigeria.

When policy meets the pedal: A reduction in motorcyclist fatalities following the implementation of a road traffic law in Lagos, Nigeria. Traffic Inj Prev. 2019 Oct 24;:1-5 Authors: Venkatraman C, Kim H, Idowu A, Idris J, Hynan L, Kim D, Nwariaku FE Abstract Objective: The Lagos State Road Traffic Law of 2012 sought to curb reckless okada use and the objective of this study is to determine its impact on motorcyclist fatalities in Nigeria's most densely populated state. This is the first study to date that analyzes the potential impact of the Law on motorcyclist fatalities across Lagos State. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed monthly motorcyclist fatalities in Lagos between January 2012 and December 2015. We analyzed the data using Geographic Information Systems (GIS) software, and used Quantum GIS ver. 2.16.2 to create maps illustrating the spatial-epidemiological distribution of motorcyclist fatalities across Lagos' health facilities. The data was collated into three eight-month periods for analysis (pre-intervention, immediate post-intervention, and sustained post-intervention). Period 1 was January to August 2012, Period 2 was September 2012 to April 2013, and Period 3 was May to December 2013. The data were compared in SPSS using the Welch's ANOVA and Tanhame (post-hoc) tests with a 5% significance level. Results: Motorcyclist fatalities in Lagos fell by an average of 76% over the study period. Over 55% of the fatalities were recorded in five heal...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

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In conclusion, caffeine decreased oxidative stress and adipogenesis in GO orbital fibroblasts in vitro. These findings may contribute to the development of new types of caffeine-containing pharmacological agents for use in the management of GO. PMID: 31941844 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
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