Emerging and Reemerging Infectious Diseases: Global Overview

New emerging and reemerging infectious disease outbreaks have continued to cause much human suffering and loss of life worldwide. During the past 2 decades, several landmark events in the field of infectious diseases with epidemic potential have occurred. The SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome) pandemic (2002 –2004), the Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak in West Africa (2013–2016), the cholera outbreak in Yemen (2015–2018), the Zika virus in the Americas and southeast Asia (2016–2018), Lassa fever (LF) in Nigeria (2018), diphtheria in Venezuela (2016-2017) and in Yemen (2017-2018), Yellow fever in Latin America and Africa (2016–2018), and Nipah virus in India and South Asia (2017–2018).
Source: Infectious Diseases Clinics of North America - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Preface Source Type: research

Related Links:

Publication date: Available online 6 December 2019Source: Antiviral ResearchAuthor(s): Andrew M. Skidmore, Robert S. Adcock, Colleen B. Jonsson, Jennifer E. Golden, Dong-Hoon ChungAbstractVenezuelan equine encephalitis virus (VEEV) is an alphavirus that is endemic to the Americas. VEEV outbreaks occur periodically and cause encephalitis in both humans and equids. There are currently no therapeutics or vaccines for treatment of VEEV in humans. Our group has previously reported on the development of a benzamidine VEEV inhibitor, ML336, which shows potent antiviral activity in both in vitro and in vivo models of infection. In...
Source: Antiviral Therapy - Category: Virology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 6 December 2019Source: Journal of Theoretical BiologyAuthor(s): Michael T. Meehan, Robert C. Cope, Emma S. McBrydeAbstractPathogen evolution is an imminent threat to global health that has warranted, and duly received, considerable attention within the medical, microbiological and modelling communities. Outbreaks of new pathogens are often ignited by the emergence and transmission of mutant variants descended from wild-type strains circulating in the community. In this work we investigate the stochastic dynamics of the emergence of a novel disease strain, introduced into a population in w...
Source: Journal of Theoretical Biology - Category: Biology Source Type: research
ConclusionThe existence of clusters indicates the presence of unevenness in immunization coverage and has several implications that should be addressed for better health of the population. Efforts are to be made to ensure the universalization of education, along with accessible and affordable healthcare for all ensuring universal health coverage in India.
Source: Clinical Epidemiology and Global Health - Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research
Doctors in India are facing violent-acts against them, and there is an increasing trend in recent years, leading to a Public Health Riot-like scenario in India. There are reports of a doctor being murdered, thrashed, beaten, injured, handicapped, harassed,...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news
As many as seven tsunamis from the past 8000 years are evidenced by sand sheets that rest on buried wetland soils at Badabalu, southern Andaman Island, along northern part of the fault rupture of the giant 2004 Aceh-Andaman earthquake. The uppermost of the...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Disaster Preparedness Source Type: news
This study depicts perspectives of parents and caregivers. METHODS: The study was, con...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
CONTEXT: Domestic violence in Indian setting has five major components: emotional abuse; physical violence; sexual violence; honor killing; dowry-related abuse; and death. AIMS: The aim of the study was to estimate the prevalence of domestic violence and 3...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
INTRODUCTION: Ambulance-based emergency medical systems (EMS) are expensive and remain rare in low- and middle-income countries, where trauma victims are usually transported to hospital by passing vehicles. Recent developments in transportation network tec...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
In this study we analysed the clinical profile of meningoencephalitis and its clinical outcome. METHODS: Fifty adults diagnosed with meningoencephalitis from July 2014 to July 2015 in a tertiary care hospital in South India were studied prospectively and their clinical presentation, aetiology and outcome were analysed. RESULTS: Among 50 patients, 33 (66%) were male; 39 (78%) were
Source: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh - Category: General Medicine Tags: J R Coll Physicians Edinb Source Type: research
Authors: Deleanu D, Petricau C, Leru P, Chiorean I, Muntean A, Dumitrascu D, Nedelea I Abstract Despite proven effectiveness and safety of vaccinations, immunization rates are decreasing across Europe, most countries having suboptimal vaccination coverage, leading to an increase in the number of cases of preventable contagious diseases. In recent years, the number of parents who have refused to vaccinate their children in Romania has decreased substantially, while the number of fatal complications due to measles outbreak is one of the highest in Europe. Since healthcare professionals have been identified as the mai...
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
More News: African Health | Cholera | Diphtheria | Ebola | Epidemics | Epidemiology | India Health | Infectious Diseases | Lassa Fever | Middle East Health | Nigeria Health | Nipah Virus | Outbreaks | Pandemics | Respiratory Medicine | SARS | Venezuela Health | Yellow Fever | Yemen Health | Zika Virus