Updates to the Canadian Notifiable Disease Surveillance System and its interactive website.

This article provides an update on changes in case definitions that have been made since the case definitions were last published in 2009, and describes updates that have been made to the interactive website since 2013. Changes were made to the case definitions of five diseases. For hepatitis C, the new case definition now distinguishes between acute and chronic infection. For cyclosporiasis, the probable case definition requires an epidemiologic link, with the clarification that this would likely be due to exposure to a common food source. For rabies, the probable case definition now refers to detection of rabies-neutralizing antibody instead of specific antibody titres. For Lyme disease, the revised confirmed and probable case definitions now identify five options for Lyme disease risk areas instead of endemic areas. For tuberculosis the revised case definition now includes nucleic acid amplification testing in addition to culture for diagnosis. The Notifiable Diseases Online website is an interactive tool that enables users to create customized figures and tables. Since a major redesign in 2013, numerous changes have been made to the look and feel of the site. Figures and tables can now be extracted as Excel or PDF files and large datasets are exportable into Excel files for further analysis. Case definitions in the national surveillance system will be updated as needed and its interactive website will continue to be improved and updated in response to user comments. ...
Source: Can Commun Dis Rep - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Can Commun Dis Rep Source Type: research

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Abstract Araucaria angustifolia is endemic to southern Brazil. Known as Brazilian pine, A. angustifolia is the only native conifer species with economic and social relevance in this country. Due to massive exploitation, it has suffered a significant population decline and currently is classified as critically endangered. This encouraged the scientific community to investigate genetic features in Brazilian pine to increase resources for management and preservation. In this work, RNA-Seq data was used to determine the complete nucleotide sequence of the A. angustifolia chloroplast genome (cpDNA). The cpDNA is 146,203 bp in l...
Source: Genetics and Molecular Biology - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Complete data on noncountable TB cases help support estimates of programmatic burden. Ongoing training and a streamlined reporting system to NTSS can facilitate noncountable case reporting. PMID: 31722186 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Public Health Reports - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research
Conclusion Consistent with previous studies, our results suggest that PA interventions should aim to increase outdoor time. The observed gender differences in PA correlates suggest the need for a gender-sensitized approach to PA promotion.
Source: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise - Category: Sports Medicine Tags: EPIDEMIOLOGY Source Type: research
By Boubaker Ben Belhassen and Vikas RawalROME, Nov 14 2019 (IPS) Pulses are highly nutritious and their consumption is associated with many health benefits. They are rich in proteins and minerals, high in fibre and have a low fat content. Pulses are produced by plants of the Leguminosae family. These plants have root nodules that absorb inert nitrogen from soil air and convert it into biologically useful ammonia, a process referred to as biological nitrogen fixation. Consequently, the pulse crops do not need any additional nitrogen as fertilizer and help reduce the requirement of fossil fuel-based chemical nitrogen fertili...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Climate Change Development & Aid Economy & Trade Featured Food & Agriculture Global Headlines Health TerraViva United Nations Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 13 November 2019Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial ResistanceAuthor(s): Lebogang Kenaope, Hannetjie Ferreira, Faheem Seedat, Kennedy Otwombe, Neil A. Martinson, Ebrahim VariavaAbstractSettingTshepong Hospital multidrug resistant (MDR) unit between April 2011 and February 2014.ObjectiveRifampicin resistant (RR) tuberculosis (TB) on X-pert MTB/Rif is assumed a surrogate for MDR TB. Following a RR result, a second specimen is taken for confirmatory culture and drug susceptibility testing (DST). We compare the initial diagnostic X-pert MTB/RIF result to the confirmatory DST in a high HIV...
Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
ConclusionsUsing a laboratory surveillance method to capture hospital-acquired CDI cases is highly sensitive but not overly specific. Changes to improve the specificity of this method are provided.
Source: American Journal of Infection Control - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
This study aimed to evaluate the plasma levels of HBP as a prognostic biomarker for infection-induced organ dysfunction among patients seeking medical attention at the emergency department. Design: Prospective, international multicenter, convenience sample study. Setting: Four general emergency departments at academic centers in Sweden, Switzerland, and Canada. Patients: All emergency encounters among adults where one of the following criteria were fulfilled: respiratory rate>25 breaths per minute; heart rate>120 beats per minute; altered mental status; systolic blood pressure
Source: Shock - Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Online Articles Source Type: research
Condition:   Rabies Interventions:   Biological: ChAdOx2 RabG;   Biological: Inactivated Rabies Vaccine Sponsor:   University of Oxford Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Condition:   Major Depressive Disorder Interventions:   Drug: Escitalopram;   Drug: Brexpiprazole Sponsors:   University Health Network, Toronto;   St. Michael's Hospital, Toronto;   Baycrest;   Centre for Addiction and Mental Health;   McMaster University;   Queen's University;   University of Ottawa;   University of British Columbia;   University of Calgary;   McGill Univ ersity;   Dalhousie University;   University&nbs...
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Condition:   Shared Decision Making Interventions:   Other: Online Training - Shared Decision Making in Prenatal Screening;   Other: Online Training - Online Training on Prenatal Screening Sponsors:   CHU de Quebec-Universite Laval;   Laval University;   Genome Quebec;   Genome Canada;   CERSSPL Recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
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