Candida urinary tract infections in adults

AbstractCandiduria is commonly seen in hospitalized patients and most of the patients are asymptomatic, but it may be due to cystitis, pyelonephritis, prostatitis, epididymo-orchitis or disseminated candidiasis. Major risk factors are diabetes mellitus, indwelling urinary catheters, use of broad-spectrum antibiotics, urinary obstruction, and admission to intensive care units.Candida urinary tract infections can be caused by hematogenous spread following candidemia, or retrograde route via the urethra. The presence ofCandida species in urine in asymptomatic patients does not warrant antifungal therapy except neutropenic patients, very low-birth-weight infants and patients undergoing urologic procedures. Fluconazole is the treatment of choice for symptomatic infections, it achieves high urinary levels. The other azole antifungals and echinocandins do not reach sufficient urine levels. Amphotericin B deoxycholate is the alternative antifungal agent if fluconazole can not be used because of resistance, allergy or failure.
Source: World Journal of Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Related Links:

Source: BMJ Comments - Category: General Medicine Source Type: forums
Two Clinical Nurse Specialist opportunities are available to contribute towards the provision of excellent patient care within our Endocrinology and Diabetes Service.One post will be for our Queen Elizabeth Hospital (QEHB) site and the other for our Heartlands, Good Hope and Solihull Hospital site (HGS). Successful candidates will join a team of experienced specialist nurses in a tertiary Endocrine referral centre and will be given full structured training and supervision to develop their skills in Endocrinology.Application deadline is2 February 2020. Visit www.jobs.nhs.uk for full details and to apply. 
Source: Society for Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: news
Researchers reports an over 50% drop in overall death rates among people with diabetes living in Hong Kong from 2001-2016; younger people with diabetes less likely to experience improvement in survival, however.Medscape Medical News
Source: Medscape Diabetes Headlines - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Diabetes & Endocrinology News Source Type: news
CONCLUSIONS Our results highlight that interaction of Nr4a1 and LKB1 can mitigate T2DM by activating the AMPK/SIRT1 signaling pathway and inhibiting NF-kappaB activation. This may offer new insight for T2DM treatment. PMID: 31939452 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Medical Science Monitor - Category: Research Tags: Med Sci Monit Source Type: research
Cyanoacrylate-based adhesives are commonly used in wound closure, but cases of contact dermatitis associated with the use of these products have been reported.Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Source: Medscape Allergy Headlines - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Plastic Surgery & Aesthetic Medicine Journal Article Source Type: news
This study was designed to evaluate whether helminthic infections suppress the natural development of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in NZBWF1 mice. Infection of NZBWF1 SLE-prone mice with two nematodes failed to establish long-lasting settlement. However, the Hymenolepis microstoma (Hm) rodent tapeworm successfully established long-term parasitization of NZBWF1 mice and was used to evaluate the suppressive effects of helminth infection. Ten-month-old NZBWF1 mice developed symptoms including autoantibody generation, proteinuria, glomerular histopathology, and splenomegaly, but mice infected with Hm at 2 months of age...
Source: Parasitology International - Category: Parasitology Source Type: research
Conclusions. Although there was no increase in Api m10 sIgG4 levels after 1 year bVIT, we did not observe relevant differences in other outcomes between patients with predominant Api m1 or Api m10 sensitization. PMID: 31939631 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Eur Ann Allergy Clin Immunol Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 January 2020Source: Life SciencesAuthor(s): Milad Ashrafizadeh, Zahra Ahmadi, Saeed Samarghandian, Reza Mohammadinejad, Habib Yaribeygi, Thozhukat Sathyapalan, Amirhossein SahebkarAbstractMicroRNAs (miRs) are small non-coding pieces of RNA that are involved in a variety of physiologic processes such as apoptosis, cell proliferation, cell differentiation, cell cycle and cell survival. These multifunctional nucleotides are also capable of preventing oxidative damages by modulating antioxidant defense systems in a variety of milieu, such as in diabetes. Although the exact molecular mechan...
Source: Life Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 January 2020Source: Fungal BiologyAuthor(s): Alistair J.P. Brown, Daniel E. Larcombe, Arnab PradhanAbstractThe model yeasts, Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Schizosaccharomyces pombe, display Core Environmental Responses (CERs) that include the induction of a core set of stress genes in response to diverse environmental stresses. CERs underlie the phenomenon of stress cross-protection, whereby exposure to one type of stress can provide protection against subsequent exposure to a second type of stress. CERs have probably arisen through the accumulation, over evolutionary time, of protectiv...
Source: Fungal Biology - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Driving blood glycaemia from hyperglycaemia to euglycaemia as fast as possible while avoiding hypoglycaemia is a major problem for decades for type-1 diabetes and is solved in this study. A control algorithm is designed that guaranties hypoglycaemia avoidance for the first time both from the theory of positive systems point of view and from the most pragmatic clinical practice. The solution consists of a state feedback control law that computes the required hyperglycaemia correction bolus in real-time to safely steer glycaemia to the target. A rigorous proof is given that shows that the control-law respects the positivity ...
Source: IET Systems Biology - Category: Biology Source Type: research
More News: Abelcet | Allergy | Allergy & Immunology | Candida | Cystitis | Diabetes | Diabetes Mellitus | Endocrinology | Fluconazole | Intensive Care | Pyelonephritis | Urinary Tract Infections | Urology & Nephrology