An update on investigations of autoimmune diseases affecting orofacial region.

This article aims to list out the diagnostic methods to diagnose autoimmune conditions and focuses on various diagnostic methods to effectively evaluate autoimmune disease of orofacial region. PMID: 31645179 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Immunoassay and Immunochemistry - Category: Biochemistry Tags: J Immunoassay Immunochem Source Type: research

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Discussion Neuropenia is defined as a neutrophil count
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
Authors: Chen Y, Sun J, Liu H, Yin G, Xie Q Abstract Chimeric antigen receptor T (CAR-T) cells are T cells engineered to express specific synthetic antigen receptors that can recognize antigens expressed by tumor cells, which after the binding of these antigens to the receptors are eliminated, and have been adopted to treat several kinds of malignancies. Autoimmune diseases (AIDs), a class of chronic disease conditions, can be broadly separated into autoantibody-mediated and T cell-mediated diseases. Treatments for AIDs are focused on restoring immune tolerance. However, current treatments have little effect on imm...
Source: Journal of Immunology Research - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: J Immunol Res Source Type: research
a The positive transcription elongation factor b (P-TEFb) was first identified as a general factor that stimulates transcription elongation by RNA polymerase II (RNAPII), but soon afterwards it turned out to be an essential cellular co-factor of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) transcription mediated by viral Tat proteins. Studies on the mechanisms of Tat-dependent HIV transcription have led to radical advances in our knowledge regarding the mechanism of eukaryotic transcription, including the discoveries that P-TEFb-mediated elongation control of cellular transcription is a main regulatory step of gene expression in...
Source: Molecules - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
This study highlighted sex differences in areas that could account for the underuse of the procedure in both sexes, with women affected to a greater extent. Understanding these factors will help address the unmet needs of both sexes after TJA by encouraging future studies and provider education to ensure that all patients are able to access the necessary procedures for pain relief and functional improvement. PMID: 32015251 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Am Acad Orthop Surg Source Type: research
AbstractThe discovery and initial characterization 20  years ago of antinuclear autoantibodies (ANAs) presenting a dense fine speckled (DFS) nuclear pattern with strong staining of mitotic chromosomes, detected by indirect immunofluorescence assay in HEp-2 cells (HEp-2 IIFA test), has transformed our view on ANAs. Traditionally, ANAs have been conside red as reporters of abnormal immunological events associated with the onset and progression of systemic autoimmune rheumatic diseases (SARD), also called ANA-associated rheumatic diseases (AARD), as well as clinical biomarkers for the differential diagnosis of these dise...
Source: Autoimmunity Highlights - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Abstract Methotrexate (MTX)-associated classical Hodgkin lymphoma (CHL) is unlikely to regress following discontinuation of MTX, and its treatment usually requires chemotherapy. Standard chemotherapy for CHL is the ABVD regimen, which contains pneumotoxic bleomycin. This can be problematic in MTX-CHL patients suffering from an autoimmune disease (AID), such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA), as they frequently have pulmonary complications. However, brentuximab vedotin (BV)-containing chemotherapy without bleomycin (A + AVD regimen) was recently reported to show favorable efficacy for CHL, and could therefore ...
Source: International Journal of Hematology - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: Int J Hematol Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 17 December 2019Source: Best Practice &Research Clinical HaematologyAuthor(s): Alexander J. Ambinder, John Miller, Amy E. DeZernABSTRACTChronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML) is a clonal disorder that is associated with a wide range of systemic inflammatory and autoimmune diseases (SIADs). Approximately 20% of patients with CMML will have an associated SIAD and recognizing this association is critical to the evaluation, prognostication and management of patients with CMML. In this paper, we review the evidence supporting a causative link between these two entities as well as the direc...
Source: Best Practice and Research Clinical Haematology - Category: Hematology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 10 December 2019Source: Pharmacology &TherapeuticsAuthor(s): Lingling Zhang, Wei WeiAbstractAs a Traditional Chinese Medicine, Paeonia lactiflora Pallas has been used to treat pain, inflammation and immune disorders for more than 1000 years in China. Total glycoside of paeony (TGP) is extracted from the dried root of Paeonia lactiflora Pallas. Paeoniflorin (Pae) is the major active component of TGP. Our research group has done a lot of work in the pharmacological mechanisms of Pae and found that Pae possessed extensive anti-inflammatory and immune regulatory effects. Pae could inhib...
Source: Pharmacology and Therapeutics - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Contributors : David Schafflick ; Maike Hartlenert ; Andreas Schulte-Mecklenbeck ; Tobias Lautwein ; Jolien Wolbert ; Gerd M HorsteSeries Type : Expression profiling by high throughput sequencingOrganism : Homo sapiensCerebrospinal fluid (CSF) protects the central nervous system (CNS) and analyzing CSF aids the diagnosis of CNS diseases, but our understanding of CSF leukocytes remains superficial. Here, using single cell transcriptomics, we identified a specific border-associated composition and transcriptome of CSF leukocytes. Multiple sclerosis (MS) – an autoimmune disease of the CNS – increased transcription...
Source: GEO: Gene Expression Omnibus - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Tags: Expression profiling by high throughput sequencing Homo sapiens Source Type: research
Conclusions: Substantial AID heterogeneity exists by race and by geographic area. An important research area is further exploring factors related to heterogeneity such as potential interactions between genetic susceptibility and environmental factors.
Source: Autoimmunity Reviews - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
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