12 Innovations That Will Change Health Care and Medicine in the 2020s

Pocket-size ultrasound devices that cost 50 times less than the machines in hospitals (and connect to your phone). Virtual reality that speeds healing in rehab. Artificial intelligence that’s better than medical experts at spotting lung tumors. These are just some of the innovations now transforming medicine at a remarkable pace. No one can predict the future, but it can at least be glimpsed in the dozen inventions and concepts below. Like the people behind them, they stand at the vanguard of health care. Neither exhaustive nor exclusive, the list is, rather, representative of the recasting of public health and medical science likely to come in the 2020s. David Abney: Drone-delivered medical supplies Since March, UPS has been conducting a trial program called Flight Forward, using autonomous drone deliveries of critical medical samples including blood or tissue between two branches of a hospital in Raleigh, N.C., located 150 yards apart. A fleet-footed runner could cover the distance almost as fast as the drones, but as a proof-of-concept program, it succeeded, and in October the FAA granted the company approval to expand to 20 hospitals around the U.S. over the next two years. “We expect UPS Flight Forward to one day be a very significant part of our company,” says UPS CEO David Abney of the service, which will deliver urine, blood and tissue samples, and medical essentials like drugs and transfusable blood. UPS is not alone in pioneering air deliveries. ...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized HealthSummit19 technology Source Type: news

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This study aimed to evaluate the effects of a diet supplemented with beta-glucan from yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae (Sc-βG), on the stress response of Oreochromis mossambicus (Tilapia) to ammonia. Fish were divided into four groups, including a control fed a basal diet and three experimental groups fed diets supplemented with Sc-βG at 2, 5 and 10 mg/g respectively. After 8 weeks, experimental groups were exposed to ammonia at 100 mg L−1 for 1 week. Growth was measured after the 8-week feeding trial and serum, mucus, and liver tissue were sampled before and after the ammonia challenge. Compared with ...
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Thus, diabetes mellitus itself was not an independent factor associated with IAD. A larger IAD was preferentially associated with the presence of PAD, and this association was modified by age. PMID: 31813900 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis - Category: Cardiology Tags: J Atheroscler Thromb Source Type: research
ConclusionsThis study provides information about Aβ plaque burden, tau tangle burden, and neurodegeneration in cognitively unimpaired persons at three levels of genetic risk for AD. Unimpaired APOE ϵ4 HMs can be studied before their 70s to evaluate the understanding of factors, processes, and interventions involved in the predisposition to and prevention of AD, and after their 70s, to discover factors, processes, and interventions involved in the resilience or resistance to and prevention of AD.
Source: Alzheimer's and Dementia: The Journal of the Alzheimer's Association - Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 9 December 2019Source: Journal of ColoproctologyAuthor(s): Seyedeh Elham Norollahi, Seyed Mohammad Taghi Hamidian, Zeynab Khazaee Kohpar, Rezvan Azadi, Pooya Rostami, Sogand Vahidi, Sahar Ghazanfari, Farnaz Azar Shabe, Roya Khaksar, Ali Akbar SamadaniAbstractColorectal cancer is one of the most important malignancies in the classification of gastrointestinal cancers. One of the predisposing factors at molecular level for this cancer is via WNT signaling which is associated with the vast numbers of different genes. Thus, in this study, we aimed to investigate whether Adenomatous Polyposis ...
Source: Journal of Coloproctology - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
We present a case of GCA in a patient who presented with jaw claudication and occlusal pain. A 78-year-old man visited our department with left-sided facial pain associated with mastication. He also reported spontaneous left-sided facial pain and diminished vision. Based on his age, his new-onset left-sided headache, and a high erythrocyte sedimentation rate, he was diagnosed with GCA with immediate initiation of prednisolone (PSL) therapy. His fever subsided the following day. A temporal artery biopsy (TAB) was performed 7 days after hospitalization and showed a false-negative result. His left-sided facial pain and headac...
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Medicine, and Pathology - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
ConclusionThe expression of matrix metalloproteinases-2 and 9 in hypopharyngeal carcinoma was significantly higher than that in pericarcinoma tissue, and it was enhanced with the increase of clinical stage. The expression level was related to lymph node metastasis and tumor pathological stage. Thus, matrix metalloproteinases-2 and 9 may be involved in the occurrence, development, invasion and metastasis of hypopharyngeal carcinoma through a variety of mechanisms.ResumoIntroduçãoA função da metaloproteinase da matriz 2 e9 nas metástases e no desenvolvimento de carcinoma hipofaríngeo...
Source: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
ConclusionChildren and adolescents diagnosed with stroke present a worse performance in the electrophysiological and behavioral evaluations of central auditory processing when compared to a control group.ResumoIntroduçãoO processamento auditivo central refere-se à eficiência e eficácia com que o sistema nervoso central utiliza informações auditivas e pode estar alterado em distúrbios neurológicos e lesões cerebrais, como acidentes vasculares cerebrais. No entanto, apesar das evidências de possíveis alterações na populaç&a...
Source: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
ConclusionsThyroidectomy may only be required during total laryngectomy for selected cases of advanced transglottic tumors and tumors with subglottic extension more than 10 mm.ResumoIntroduçãoEm geral, a invasão da glândula tireoide não é uma característica do carcinoma laríngeo avançado, não sendo necessário realizar tireoidectomia em todos os casos de laringectomia total.ObjetivosAvaliar a frequência da invasão da glândula tireoide em pacientes com carcinoma espinocelular avançado de laringe submetidos à laringe...
Source: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
Conclusions/interpretationsThis study provides compelling evidence about the critical role of miR-132 for the regeneration of mouse islet beta cells through the downregulation of its target Pten. Hence, the miR-132/Pten/Akt/Foxo3 signaling pathway may represent a suitable target to enhance beta cell mass.
Source: Molecular Metabolism - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 10 December 2019Source: Canadian Journal of DiabetesAuthor(s): Antoine B.M. Clarke, Hanaa Ahsan, Jennifer Harrington, Farid H. MahmudAbstractBackgroundThe factors associated with allied healthcare professional (HCP) time spent face-to-face with patients in clinic have not been well described in type 1 diabetes (T1D) given the introduction of resource-intensive technologies and gaps in socioeconomic circumstances.ObjectiveTo evaluate clinical and social factors associated with non-physician HCP time in a pediatric T1D practice.MethodsNon-physician HCP workload data, including time spent in...
Source: Canadian Journal of Diabetes - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
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