Post kala azar dermal leishmaniasis and leprosy prevalence and distribution in the Muzaffarpur health and demographic surveillance site

DiscussionEven in this previously highly VL endemic area, PKDL is a rare condition. Nevertheless, even a single case can trigger a new VL outbreak. Leprosy is also a rare disease, but current prevalence is over 17 times the elimination threshold proclaimed by WHO. Both diseases require continued surveillance. Active case finding for leprosy can be recommended among household members and close neighbors of leprosy patients but would not be feasible for entire populations. Periodic skin camps may be a feasible and affordable alternative.
Source: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Source Type: research

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Discussion: The status quo of using “good-enough for government” race/ethnicity variables contained in Medicare administrative data for minority health disparities research can be improved through the use of self-reported race/ethnicity data, available in the Medicare data warehouse. Health services and policy researchers should critically examine the source of race/ethnicity variables used in minority health and health disparities research. Future work to improve the accuracy of Medicare beneficiaries’ race/ethnicity data should incorporate and augment the self-reported race/ethnicity data contained in...
Source: Medical Care - Category: Health Management Tags: Online Article: Applied Methods Source Type: research
Coping is one of the most important and widely studied aspects of domestic violence (DV). Women adopt a wide variety of coping strategies to manage abuse, ranging from individual estrangement to institutional entitlements. The condition of women becomes co...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
Feroza Begum, Leprosy activist. Credit: Rafiqul Islam / IPSBy Rafiqul IslamDHAKA, Bangladesh, Dec 12 2019 (IPS) When Feroza Begum was first diagnosed with leprosy in 2006, it felt as though she had been struck by a thunderbolt due to the deep-seated prejudice in her society that the disease is a curse from Allah (God). “ I was affected with leprosy disease, nobody accepted me (in the past). They had made me isolated. I cannot forget the plight I suffered at that time. Even my family was broken as I was left by my husband,” she told IPS. The 35-year old says she was ostracized and made to feel like a lesser per...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Asia-Pacific Conferences Development & Aid Featured Headlines Health Human Rights Poverty & SDGs TerraViva United Nations National Leprosy Conference - Dhaka 2019 Source Type: news
ConclusionThe CNN showed 95.46% diagnostic accuracy, suggesting potential use in screening.
Source: Medical Journal Armed Forces India - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
ConclusionHCV infection was common in certain districts of Punjab and common in adults of 40–60 years. This finding needs to be confirmed in larger population-based study. The IV drug abuse is the risk factor of concern among young adults.
Source: Medical Journal Armed Forces India - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: the reuse of the enzymatic detergent solution is a risk to the safe processing of endoscopic devices, evidenced by its contamination with pathogenic potential microorganisms, since the enzymatic detergent has no bactericidal property and can contribute as an important source for outbreaks in patients under such procedures. PMID: 31826156 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem - Category: Nursing Authors: Tags: Rev Lat Am Enfermagem Source Type: research
ConclusionsPregnancy after liver transplantation has a favorable outcome with a multidisciplinary team approach. There is a physiological reduction of tacrolimus trough levels during pregnancy for which dose augmentation is not usually required.
Source: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Early supplemental parenteral nutrition after chemotherapy-induced severe granulocytopenia could reduce the risk of infection, improve the likelihood of chemotherapy completion, and shorten hospital stays and leukocyte recovery times. PMID: 31826367 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - Category: Nutrition Authors: Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research
By Crystal OrdersonDHAKA, Dec 12 2019 (IPS) The Chairman of The Nippon Foundation and Sasakawa Health Foundation, Yohei Sasakawa is passionate about ensuring the world does not forget Leprosy and reminding us of the discrimination that people living with Leprosy still face. Sasakawa who is also a WHO Goodwill Ambassador is in Bangladesh where his Foundation held the first-ever meeting of organizations working in the leprosy field. Mr Sasakawa, speaking through a translator spoke to IPS’s Crystal Orderson on why he believes Leprosy is such an important health issue that should never be forgotten or ignored.   &n...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Asia-Pacific Development & Aid Headlines Health Multimedia TerraViva United Nations Video National Leprosy Conference - Dhaka 2019 Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 11 December 2019Source: Materials Today: ProceedingsAuthor(s): S. Needhidasan, C.R. Vigneshwar, B. RameshAbstractConcrete is a major construction material and plays a crucial role in the improvement of infrastructure development of any country and India is the second largest cement market both in production and consumption in the world in 2018. The idea of the conservation of coarse aggregate has been largely ignored despite the fact that coarse aggregates make up 40–50% of a concrete mix by volume. The quantity of cement and concrete production increase as the demand for developing...
Source: Materials Today: Proceedings - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
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