Accuracy of breast magnetic resonance imaging in evaluating the response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy: a study of 310 cases at a cancer center

Conclusion: Breast MRI showed good accuracy in the prediction of a pathological complete response after NAC. The sensitivity and positive predictive value were highest for the HER2 and triple-negative subtypes.Resumo Objetivo: Avaliar a acur ácia da ressonância magnética (RM) das mamas na identificação de resposta patológica completa em pacientes com câncer de mama submetidas a quimioterapia neoadjuvante (QTN). Materiais e Métodos: Teste de validação diagnóstica, realizado por meio de estudo observacional, unicêntrico e ret rospectivo. As variáveis avaliadas no estudo foram idade, resultado histológico e imuno-histoquímico da biópsia, análise da RM após QTN e análise histológica da peça cirúrgica, com cálculo do índice residual cancer burden. Os resultados da resposta radiológica pela RM foram comparados c om a resposta patológica na peça cirúrgica (padrão ouro). Resultados: Foram incluídos 310 tumores de 308 pacientes com média de idade de 47 anos (variação: 27 a 85 anos). A acurácia da RM foi 79%, com sensibilidade de 75%, especificidade de 83%, valor preditivo positivo de 75% e valor pred itivo negativo de 83%. Estratificando-se por subtipo molecular, a detecção da resposta patológica pela RM obteve os melhores porcentuai...
Source: Radiologia Brasileira - Category: Radiology Source Type: research

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ConclusionsThe accuracy of preoperative CE-MRI to predict pCR after NACT for EBC is moderate but in luminal tumors did not accurately predict pCR. However, rCR was strongly associated with favorable RFS, especially in HER2 positive and triple negative breast cancer tumors.Legal entity responsible for the studyThe authors.FundingHas not received any funding.DisclosureAll authors have declared no conflicts of interest.
Source: Annals of Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Conclusion: The texture analysis for breast DCE-MRI proposed in this study demonstrated potential utility in HER2 2+ status discrimination. Background Human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) is an orphan tyrosine kinase receptor. It is reported that HER2 is overexpressed in 15–20% of breast cancers. Overexpression of HER2 in breast cancer correlates with shortened disease-free survival. Compared with HER2-negative patients, patients with HER2-positive breast cancers have a poor prognosis, a high probability of lymph node metastasis and a high risk of recurrence (1–3). However, previous studies h...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: This model could be a helpful tool for the surgeon to help in predicting which cases have a higher likelihood of achieving a pathologically complete response and therefore selecting those who may benefit from a post-neoadjuvant chemotherapy sentinel lymph node biopsy and avoid unnecessary axillary lymphadenectomy. PMID: 30421628 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Ann R Coll Surg Engl Source Type: research
This study aimed to analyze the relationship between pathologic complete response (pCR) and changes in background parenchymal enhancement (BPE) levels in patients with human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-positive breast cancer and who received neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC). The pre- and post-NAC magnetic resonance imaging results of 51 patients with confirmed unilateral HER2-positive breast cancer were retrospectively analyzed by 2 experienced radiologists. Pre- and post-NAC of contralateral BPE levels were classified into 4 categories (1 = minimal, 2 = mild, 3 = moderate, and 4 = marked). The...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Observational Study Source Type: research
In conclusion, this combined metabolic approach appears effective in treating advanced TNBC, given this patient’s complete response with a good quality of life.Now, there is one thing that is interesting here. The doses of chemotherapy used were considerably lower thanwhat is usually used, with doses decreased by at least half or more. Does this mean anything? Who knows? cPR rates for TNBC have been reported to range from 20-35%. It could mean the regimen made the chemotherapy more effective, or it could mean that this woman just happened to have a particularly chemosensitive tumor. Even if we take this case report a...
Source: Respectful Insolence - Category: Surgery Authors: Source Type: blogs
In conclusion, this combined metabolic approach appears effective in treating advanced TNBC, given this patient’s complete response with a good quality of life.Now, there is one thing that is interesting here. The doses of chemotherapy used were considerably lower thanwhat is usually used, with doses decreased by at least half or more. Does this mean anything? Who knows? cPR rates for TNBC have been reported to range from 20-35%. It could mean the regimen made the chemotherapy more effective, or it could mean that this woman just happened to have a particularly chemosensitive tumor. Even if we take this case report a...
Source: Respectful Insolence - Category: Surgery Authors: Source Type: blogs
ConclusionAchieving rCR corresponds well with pCR in HER2-positive breast cancer, particularly in the HR-negative subgroup. RCR is also associated with improved long-term outcome.
Source: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONSBoth drugs are effective and well tolerated as NET in postmenopausal women with HR‐positive/HER2‐negative breast cancer. NET could be considered a treatment option in this subpopulation. Cancer 2016. © 2016 American Cancer Society.
Source: Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
Abstract Purpose To evaluate the accuracy of residual microcalcifications on mammogram (MG) in predicting the extent of the residual tumor after neoadjuvant systemic treatment (NST) in patients with locally advanced breast cancer and to evaluate factors affecting the accuracy of MG microcalcifications using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) as a reference. Methods The patients who underwent NST and showed suspicious microcalcifications on MG comprised our study population. Clinicopathologic and imaging (MG, MRI) findings were investigated. Agreemen...
Source: Annals of Surgical Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Diagnostic imaging evaluation performed after FEC treatment was useful for the prediction of pCR. Furthermore, the reliability was high in Triple Negative Sub type, but is affected by the existence of residual tumors in Luminal type.Citation Format: Kaise H, Ishikawa T, Miura D, Hasegawa Y, Horiguchi J, Hayashi M, Takao S, Kim SJ, Tanino H, Miyashita M, Konishi M, Shigeoka Y, Yamagami K, Suzuki M, Taguchi T, Akazawa K, Kohno N. Early and accurate prediction of pathological response by magnetic resonance imaging and ultrasonography in patients undergoing neoadjuvant chemotherapy for operable breast cancer. [abs...
Source: Cancer Research - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Poster Session Abstracts Source Type: research
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