Human Health Is in the Hands of Bacteria
In the beginning, there were single-cell bacteria. They were the only life on earth for billions of years, then larger cells evolved, then multicellular organisms, and then plants and animals. But the bacteria never went away, and all organisms, including us humans, have had to learn to live with them. Today, the lessons they are teaching us could change the trajectory of human health for generations. When bacteria were first discovered more than three centuries ago, most attention was on the ones we fought, which caused diseases like cholera, typhoid and tuberculosis. Through vaccines and antibiotics, we have made amazing progress in conquering these scourges. Now, through the combined tools of DNA sequencing and computer-based analysis, we have a first approximation of the innumerable other bacteria with which we cooperate daily. Our microbiome is a diverse array of microbes–bacteria, as well as viruses, fungi and protozoa–that are more or less unique within each of us. We now understand that many are inherited, mostly from Mom, and this represents a continuity of life going back millennia. We know that the microbiomes of peoples living in the forests and savannas–who have had few of the benefits of modern medicine–have much more diverse microbiota than those in industrialized countries do. These comparisons strongly suggest that as the world modernized, we lost much of our microbial heritage. And there’s increasing evidence that those changes...
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CONCLUSIONS: Small bowel obstruction resulting from LAGB tubing is an uncommon complication which was reported in few cases. Although bariatric surgery currently represents the best treatment option for morbid obesity and its related- diseases, peri- and post-operative complications have always to be taken into account. KEY WORDS: Adjustable gastric band complications, Bariatric surgery, Bowel obstruction, CT scan, LAGB tube. PMID: 32945272 [PubMed - in process]
Publication date: Available online 20 September 2020Source: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Reviews on CancerAuthor(s): Marjolein M.G. Kes, Jan Van den Bossche, Arjan W. Griffioen, Elisabeth J.M. Huijbers
Publication date: Available online 19 September 2020Source: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Reviews on CancerAuthor(s): Hang-Ping Yao, Rachel Hudson, Ming-Hai Wang
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Conclusion: Moderate quality evidence suggests that OMTh is effective for CNCP patients. There was a significant association between visceral OMTh and reduced pain severity and disability. More robust, high-quality randomized controlled trials with larger sample sizes are required to further explore the effectiveness of the OMTh in the management of CNCP. PMID: 32946545 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Invasive breast cancer deriving from the milk duct and lobule that develops in the nipple is extremely rare, except in Paget ’s disease and skin cancer. This is the second reported case of the development of invasive cancer confined to the nipple after breast-conserving surgery. A 69-year-old woman visited our department due to redness, swelling, and bloody discharge of the right nipple in the last month. A needle biops y was suggestive of invasive ductal carcinoma; we performed a removal surgery of the right residual breast tissue and a second sentinel lymph node biopsy. She underwent these procedures 10 years previ...
A better understanding of the role of the intestinal microbiota in the development of chronic health issues in children could have important implications for prevention and treatment.Pediatric Nursing
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