A survey of the implementation status of selected infection control strategies in neonatal intensive care units in Japan

ConclusionInfection prevention and control practices regarding active pathogen surveillance cultures and the use of barrier precautions varied widely in Japanese neonatal units. National guidelines and evidence-based recommendations are needed to rationalize and standardize current infection prevention and control practices in neonatal units in Japan.
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

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Abstract To study pathogenesis and toxicity of Staphylococcus aureus in foods, FORC_062 was isolated from a human blood sample and complete genome sequence has a type II SCCmec gene cluster and a type II toxin-antitoxin system, indicating an MRSA strain. Its mobile gene elements has many pathogenic genes involved in host infection, biofilm formation, and various enterotoxin and hemolysin genes. Clinical MRSA is often found in animal foods and ingestion of MRSA-contaminated foods causes human infection. Therefore, it is very important to understand the role of contaminated foods. To elucidate the interaction betwee...
Source: Food Microbiology - Category: Food Science Authors: Tags: Food Microbiol Source Type: research
ConclusionOur results reveal the radiation of distinct lineages of MRSA ST228 from a German progenitor, as the clone spread into different European countries. In Switzerland, ST228 was introduced first in Geneva and was subsequently introduced into Lausanne.
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Staphylococcus aureus is a leading cause for clinical infections and food intoxications, causing over 100,000 yearly cases of bacteremia in the United States and 434 food-borne outbreaks in the European Union. Approximately 30% of the population permanently carry S. aureus asymptomatically in their nasal cavity. The risk of infection and transmission to food items or the environment is higher in individuals that are nasally colonized. In addition, S. aureus can acquire various antimicrobial resistances leading to therapeutic failure, additional medical costs, and fatalities. Methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) cause a c...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Although MRSA has a low prevalence in our center, a variation in the rate of MRSA positivity was observed across patients from different countries. Absence hospital acquired contamination or outbreaks in our institution may be attributed to the screening algorithm used and underscores the importance of risk analysis for patients referred from geographical locations with unknown MRSA frequency, to reduce the risk of transmission. PMID: 32160784 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Acta Microbiol Immunol Hung Source Type: research
This article summarizes the available evidence enabling a stratification of risk for multidrug-resistant bacteria (MDRB) in patients with skin and soft tissue infection (SSTI). Recent findings MDRB are increasingly reported in both healthcare-associated (HCA) and community-acquired (CA)-SSTI, including in patients with life-threatening presentations for whom early initiation of adequate antimicrobial therapy is pivotal to improve outcomes. Community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is now endemic in several geographical areas and may cause outbreaks in frail populations or other at-risk clus...
Source: Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: SKIN AND SOFT TISSUE INFECTIONS: Edited by Matteo Bassetti Source Type: research
AbstractThe incidence of methicillin-resistantStaphylococcus aureus (MRSA) has increased sharply in Hospital District of Southwest Finland (HD). To understand reasons behind this, a retrospective, population-based study covering 10  years was conducted. All new 983 MRSA cases in HD from January 2007 to December 2016 were analysed. Several data sources were used to gather background information on the cases. MRSA cases were classified as healthcare-associated (HA-MRSA), community-associated (CA-MRSA), and livestock contact was determined (livestock-associated MRSA, LA-MRSA).Spa typing was performed to all available str...
Source: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
ConclusionLA-MRSA CC398 is transmittable in hospitals, and intervention against transmission may reach considerable costs. CgMLST is useful in surveillance of hospital transmission of LA-MRSA.
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
In this study, we established a long-read technology-based WGS screening program of all first-episode methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) blood infections at a major urban hospital. A survey of 132 MRSA genomes assembled from long reads enabled detailed characterization of an outbreak lasting several months of a CC5/ST105/USA100 clone among 18 infants in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Available hospital-wide genome surveillance data traced the origins of the outbreak to three patients admitted to adult wards during a 4-month period preceding the NICU outbreak. The pattern of changes among complete ou...
Source: Journal of Clinical Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Epidemiology Source Type: research
The increase and spread of virulent-outbreak associated, methicillin and vancomycin resistant (MRSA/VRSA) Staphylococcus aureus require a better understanding of the resistance and virulence patterns of circulati...
Source: BMC Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
Genomic surveillance that combines bacterial sequencing and epidemiological information will become the gold standard for outbreak detection, but its clinical translation is hampered by the lack of automated interpretation tools. We performed a prospective pilot study to evaluate the analysis of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) genomes using the Next Gen Diagnostics (NGD) automated bioinformatics system. Seventeen unselected MRSA-positive patients were identified in a clinical microbiology laboratory in England over a period of 2 weeks in 2018, and 1 MRSA isolate per case was sequenced on the Illumina Min...
Source: Journal of Clinical Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Bacteriology Source Type: research
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