Gender differences in clinical manifestations and polysomnographic findings in Chinese patients with obstructive sleep apnea

AbstractPurposeThe gender differences in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) are not fully understood so far, as previous studies had conflicting results. No reports have addressed the differences in OSA between Chinese men and women. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical and polysomnographic differences between Chinese men and women with OSA.MethodsThis case-paired control retrospective study included 580 consecutive Chinese patients (290 males and 290 females) newly diagnosed as OSA by overnight polysomnography from the Sleep Disorders Center of Tangdu Hospital affiliated to the Fourth Military Medical University of China. Demographic, clinical, and polysomnographic data of men and women with OSA were compared. Order logistic regression analysis was used to determine the risk factors for OSA severity.ResultsMale and female patients had similar age (57.3  ± 9.2 vs. 58.2 ± 8.9,p >  0.05) and body mass index (BMI) (25.4 ± 3.4 vs. 25.5 ± 3.9,p >  0.05). Women more commonly presented with insomnia (70.3% vs. 40.3%,p 
Source: Sleep and Breathing - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

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Recent studies have highlighted the multidimensional effect of atopic dermatitis (AD) and urticaria. Patient burden for these conditions is largely driven by the intense itching, sleep disturbance, comorbidities, and mental health illness associated with these diseases.1-3 Immunologic, microbial, and epithelial interactions have been reported to play an important role in AD.4,5 Novel therapies and management approaches are targeting the mechanisms underlying AD and urticaria.6,7 The current issue of the Annals contains 3 outstanding reviews that update readers on the pathophysiology and evolving treatments for AD and chronic urticaria.
Source: Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Editorial Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 10 December 2019Source: Journal of Membrane ScienceAuthor(s): Baiwen Ma, Wenjing Xue, Yaohui Bai, Ruiping Liu, Wei Chen, Huijuan Liu, Jiuhui QuAbstractUltrafiltration (UF) membrane modules are static in membrane tanks; thus, result in the continuous development of a cake layer and serious membrane fouling. Thickness regulation is the most convenient method to solve this owing to the looseness induced by flocs. Recently, integrated membrane technology is increasingly being applied due to its high pollutant removal efficiency and low space requirements. Herein, with the injection of Fe-base...
Source: Journal of Membrane Science - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
In conclusion, DAAs are effective and may be safe for the treatment of chronic hepatitis C genotypes 5 and 6. However, our evidence is based on noncomparative studies; hence, further larger-scale randomized controlled trials in these genotypes are still required. PMID: 31815126 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Biomed Res - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Biomed Res Int Source Type: research
Foodborne Pathogens and Disease, Ahead of Print.
Source: Foodborne Pathogens and Disease - Category: Food Science Authors: Source Type: research
Abstract PURPOSE: The gender differences in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) are not fully understood so far, as previous studies had conflicting results. No reports have addressed the differences in OSA between Chinese men and women. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical and polysomnographic differences between Chinese men and women with OSA. METHODS: This case-paired control retrospective study included 580 consecutive Chinese patients (290 males and 290 females) newly diagnosed as OSA by overnight polysomnography from the Sleep Disorders Center of Tangdu Hospital a...
Source: Sleep and Breathing - Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Tags: Sleep Breath Source Type: research
We examined the cross-sectional association of sleep apnea and indices of sleep quality with both episodic migraine (EM) and chronic migraine (CM). BACKGROUND: Sleep apnea and abnormal patterns of sleep, such as insomnia, were associated with migraine onset, severity, and progression in previous research. METHODS: The Chronic Migraine Epidemiology &Outcomes Study, a longitudinal study, used a series of web-based surveys to assess migraine symptoms, burden, and patterns of health care utilization. Quota sampling was used from September 2012 to November 2013 to generate a representative sample of the US populat...
Source: Headache - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Headache Source Type: research
Discussion Sleep disorders are common in all ages particularly with sleep deprivation in our increasingly busy world. Sleep problems are more common in patients with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, epilepsy, headache and visual impairments. Sleep problems can cause cognitive and behavioral impairments including emotional regulation problems, increased seizures or headaches, and impaired attention and have been known to prolong recovery from various acquired brain injuries. Parasomnias are “undesirable events that accompany sleep and typically occur during sleep-wake transitions.” The term sleep terr...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
Abstract The relationship of sleep and migraine is unequivocal and familiarity with the nature and magnitude of these associations may inform clinical practice. Recent prospective, longitudinal, and time-series analysis has begun to unravel the magnitude and temporal patterns of sleep and migraine. Prospective evidence has shown that sleep variables can trigger acute migraine, precede and predict new onset headache by several years, and indeed, sleep disturbance and snoring are risk factors for chronification. The presence of a sleep disorder is associated with more frequent and severe migraine and portends a poor...
Source: Headache - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Headache Source Type: research
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Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Health Prevention Sleep Source Type: blogs
by Phil Hardesty New research is showing that exercise not only helps the quality of our sleep, but it can improve conditions such as obstructive sleep apnea, or OSA. What is OSA? Obstructive sleep apnea is a condition where a person's breathing frequently pauses during sleep. One of the most noticeable sign of OSA is snoring. Other signs and symptoms of OSA are: Excessive daytime fatigue and sleepiness Observed episodes of breathing cessation during sleep Abrupt awakenings accompanied by shortness of breath Awakening with a dry mouth or sore throat Awakening with chest pain Sudden waking with gasping for breath Mornin...
Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
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