Applying contemporary antithrombotic therapy in the secondary prevention of chronic atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease

Publication date: Available online 23 October 2019Source: American Heart JournalAuthor(s): Robert C. Welsh, Eric D. Peterson, Raffaele De Caterina, Christoph Bode, Bernard Gersh, John W. EikelboomAbstractFor four decades, anti-thrombotic therapy with aspirin has been a cornerstone of secondary prevention for patients with chronic atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD). Unfortunately, despite the use of evidence-based therapies, patients with ASCVD continue to have recurrent major adverse cardiovascular (CV) events including death, myocardial infarction and stroke -- at a rate of approximately 2–4% per year. To combat this continuing risk, several recent trials have evaluated the efficacy and safety of more intensive antithrombotic strategies through prolonged dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT), combining a P2Y12 receptor antagonists and low-dose aspirin, or alternatively applying a dual pathway inhibition approach, combining low-dose non-vitamin K antagonist anticoagulant and low-dose aspirin. Both combination strategies have been shown to reduce recurrent ischemic events but at the cost of increased bleeding events. The clinical application of these antithrombotic strategies requires clinicians to assess and balance the risk of recurrent ischemic and bleeding events in an individual patient. Furthermore, the clinician may also need to adapt their anti-thrombotic strategies to achieve best patient outcomes as ASCVD is a progressive disease and the risks of cardiov...
Source: American Heart Journal - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

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This study proposes a multi-center RCT in order to compare outcomes of warmer hypothermic strategies during aortic hemiarch surgery on a composite endpoint of neurologic and acute kidney injury (AKI).Methods/designThis is a prospective multi-center, single-blind two-arm RCT comparing mild (32  °C) versus moderate (26 °C) hypothermic cardiac arrest in patients (n = 282) undergoing hemiarch surgery with antegrade cerebral perfusion (ACP). The primary endpoint is a composite of neurological injury (incidence of transient ischemic attack and/or stroke) and Kidney Disease Improving Global Out...
Source: Trials - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
AbstractThe best strategy in atrial fibrillation (AF) after  >  12 months after an acute coronary syndrome or in patients with chronic coronary syndrome without an indication for interventional revascularization remains unclear. European guidelines generally recommend therapy with oral anticoagulation (OAC) alone, whereas North American guidelines advise com bination therapy consisting of OAC plus antiplatelet therapy in some patients. We performed a meta-analysis of available trials comparing these treatment strategies. The primary endpoint was major adverse cardiac events (MACE), secondary endp...
Source: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis - Category: Hematology Source Type: research
AbstractIntroductionAn increased incidence of stent thrombosis after implantation of first-generation drug-eluting stents led to a recommendation of dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) for 12  months after the procedure. However, given the use of second-generation and newer drug-eluting stents, this recommendation needs to be revisited. Several randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have studied an abbreviated DAPT regimen of ≤ 3 months followed by P2Y12 inhibitor monotherapy, and results have been conflicting.ObjectiveWe performed a systematic review with meta-analysis of RCTs of abbreviated DAPT for ...
Source: American Journal of Cardiovascular Drugs - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
ConclusionAspirin reduced the risks of MACCE and cancer without increasing the bleeding risk in elderly Koreans with hypertension, T2DM, or dyslipidemia. Moreover, the benefits of the long-term use of aspirin in reducing the risks of MACCE were demonstrated. However, the decision of using aspirin for primary prevention must be carefully made on an individual basis, while estimating the benefit –risk balance of aspirin.
Source: Drugs and Aging - Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 12 November 2019Source: Canadian Journal of CardiologyAuthor(s): Mohammed Shurrab, Asaf Danon, Sami Alnasser, Benedict Glover, Anna Kaoutskaia, Mark Henderson, David Newman, Eugene Crystal, Dennis KoAbstractBackgroundThe choice of antithrombotic therapy for atrial fibrillation (AF) patients who have an acute coronary syndrome (ACS) or have undergone percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is challenging. We aimed to assess outcomes between dual antithrombotic therapy with DOACs plus an antiplatelet agent (Dual therapy) in comparison to warfarin plus two antiplatelet agents (Triple therap...
Source: Canadian Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Research on the long-term comparative effectiveness, safety, and effects on quality of life between rivaroxaban and other novel oral anticoagulants is urgently needed.
Source: American Journal of Therapeutics - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Review Source Type: research
This study is also a reminder that the health impact of a particular intervention (such as diet) may not be easy to predict or explain. In most cases, the risk of stroke and heart disease tend to rise or fall together, but that wasn’t the case in this research. Beware the study’s limitations This study linking a vegetarian diet with a higher risk of hemorrhagic stroke has a number of important limitations that should temper the concerns of vegetarians. The study was observational. That means it simply observed what happened among different people who followed different diets over time, without being able to ac...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Healthy Eating Heart Health Hypertension and Stroke Source Type: blogs
ConclusionsThe study is designed to identify a TxA dose with maximal efficacy and minimal complications. We hypothesize that the high dose has superior efficacy and non-inferior safety to the low dose.
Source: American Heart Journal - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Synthetic marijuana use has been reported in the last years as a possible causative factor of different cardiovascular events, including myocardial infarction, ischemic stroke, intracranial bleeding, and cerebral vasospasm. One case of aortic thrombosis was also reported, but that was in a patient using cocaine and synthetic marijuana together. A case of lower limb thromboembolism and synthetic marijuana use has not been reported to date. Intoxication, material impurity, blood vessel reactivity, and chemical interaction with other drugs have been proposed as possible mechanisms of these events.
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Source Type: research
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 31581363 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Biomed Res - Category: Research Authors: Tags: J Biomed Mater Res A Source Type: research
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