Recent advances on sputtered films with Cu in ppm concentrations leading to an acceleration of the bacterial inactivation

Publication date: 15 January 2020Source: Catalysis Today, Volume 340Author(s): Sami Rtimi, John KiwiAbstractThis review focuses on the acceleration of the bactericidal and fungicidal effects by uniform, adhesive Cu-based nanocomposites on textile and thin polymer surfaces. The acceleration of the bacterial inactivation kinetics mediated by Cu, TiO2/Cu and ZrO2-TiO2-Cu films in aerobic and anaerobic media is discussed for Gram negative, Gram positive bacteria and fungi. The Cu induced bacterial inactivation kinetics in the dark was observed to occur within the minute range for diverse bacteria. The characterization of the innovative Cu-films microstructure by several surface science techniques is described. This allows the correlation of the surface-reactivity features of the Cu-composite films mediating bacterial inactivation. The redox reactions on the Cu-films during the bacterial inactivation are documented by X-ray-photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). Attenuated total reflection Fourier-transform infrared (ATR-FTIR) spectroscopy was used to monitor the changes in the functional groups leading to bacterial inactivation as a function of the bacterial inactivation time. The dependence of the inactivation kinetics on the Cu-loaded surface roughness is accounted for in qualitative way by atomic force microscopy (AFM). A mechanism for the bacterial inactivation induced by the Cu-nanoparticles by way of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in aerobic and anaerobic processes is discussed. ...
Source: Catalysis Today - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 5 November 2019Source: Inorganica Chimica ActaAuthor(s): Mousumi Nayak, Ashish Kumar Singh, Pradyot Prakash, Rajni Kant, Subrato BhattacharyaAbstractThiosalicylato complexes of Zn(II) and Hg(II), [Zn(SC6H4CO2)(TMEDA)]2 (1) and [TMEDA-H2][Hg(SC6H4CO2)2] (2) where (TMEDA = N,N,N',N'-tetramethylethylenediamine) have been synthesized and characterized by spectral and single crystal X-ray analyses. Thiosalicylate opted different binding modes; in 1 all three binding sites are used whereas in 2 bonding of the ligands are mainly through S atoms, however, Hg-O distances indicate the existence...
Source: Inorganica Chimica Acta - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
In this study, copper (Cu) and zinc (Zn) as well as phosphorus (P) were co-doped into a Ti–6Al–4V titanium alloy via micro-arc oxidation (MAO). The entrance mechanisms of Cu and Zn into MAO coatings were investigated by an orthogonal experiment. The results show that Cu and Zn in Cu–Zn–P coatings separately exist mainly in the forms of Cu2O and Zn3(PO4)2. The Cu content in MAO coating increases with increasing EDTA-CuNa2 and KOH concentrations and decreasing phytic acid concentration but is nearly independent of EDTA-ZnNa2 concentration. The Zn content increases with increasing EDTA-ZnNa2 concentrat...
Source: Materials Chemistry and Physics - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
In this study, a green synthesis approach was used to create a composite hydrogel (CoHy) of RSF stabilized with CarboxymethylCellulose-Na (CMC-Na) and loaded with AgNPs. Their swelling ratios were up to 59 g/g when tested in different physiologically relevant fluids. Material characterizations by Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) with Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy (EDS), and X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) confirmed the presence of AgNPs on the surface. Antimicrobial properties of the CoHy samples were evaluated using agar diffusion tests. The results showed distinct inhibition zones against major microorganisms found in...
Source: Materials Science and Engineering: C - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 5 November 2019Source: Inorganica Chimica ActaAuthor(s): Mousumi Nayak, Ashish Kumar Singh, Pradyot Prakash, Rajni Kant, Subrato BhattacharyaAbstractThiosalicylato complexes of Zn(II) and Hg(II), [Zn(SC6H4CO2)(TMEDA)]2 (1) and [TMEDA–H2][Hg(SC6H4CO2)2] (2) where (TMEDA = N,N,N',N'-tetramethylethylenediamine) have been synthesized and characterized by spectral and single crystal X-ray analyses. Thiosalicylate opted different binding modes; in 1 all three binding sites are used whereas in 2 bonding of the ligands are mainly through S atoms, however, Hg-O distances indicate the existen...
Source: Inorganica Chimica Acta - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 31 October 2019Source: SteroidsAuthor(s): Anna Yu. Spivak, Rezeda R. Khalitova, Darya A. Nedopekina, Rinat R. GubaidullinAbstractA series of 34 new amine- and guanidine-functionalized derivatives of betulinic, ursolic, and oleanolic acids were synthesized and tested for their antimicrobial activity against the growth of four bacterial strains (Escherichia coli, Acinetobacter baumannii, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)) and two fungal strains (Candida albicans and Cryptococcus neoforman). The obtained compounds were also tested for the cytotoxic effect against HEK29...
Source: Steroids - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
rik The present study aimed to identify the chemical constituents and to assess the in-vitro, antimicrobial, anticancer, antioxidant, metabolic enzymes and cyclooxygenase (COX) inhibitory properties of essential oil (EO) of Stachys viticina Boiss. leaves. The S. viticina EO was isolated and identified using microwave-ultrasonic and GC-MS techniques, respectively. Fifty-two compounds were identified, of which endo-borneol was the major component, followed by eucalyptol and epizonarene. The EO was evaluated against a panel of in-vitro bioassays. The EO displayed antimicrobial activity against methicillin-resistant Staphy...
Source: Molecules - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Abstract The association of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) with climatic factors gained higher attention since resistance increased with increasing local temperatures in the USA. We aimed to investigate whether the explanatory strength of climatic factors holds true in a region encompassing diverse healthcare systems, like Europe. In particular, we determined whether exposure to temporal climate warming is associated with an increase in AMR prevalence for clinically relevant pathogens. A 30-country cross-sectional study was conducted. The six-year prevalence of carbapenem-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa (CRPA), K...
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Int J Hyg Environ Health Source Type: research
Molecules, Vol. 24, Pages 3650: Synthesis, Docking Studies, and In Vitro Evaluation of Some Novel Thienopyridines and Fused Thienopyridine–Quinolines as Antibacterial Agents and DNA Gyrase Inhibitors Molecules doi: 10.3390/molecules24203650 Authors: Eman M. Mohi El-Deen Eman A. Abd El-Meguid Sherifa Hasabelnaby Eman A. Karam Eman S. Nossier A series of novel thienopyridines and pyridothienoquinolines (3a,b–14) was synthesized, starting with 2-thioxo-1,2-dihydropyridine-3-carbonitriles 1a and 1b. All compounds were evaluated for their in vitro antimicrobial activity against six bacterial stra...
Source: Molecules - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Planta Med DOI: 10.1055/a-1013-0434The development of multiple antibiotic–resistant bacteria has vastly depleted our repertoire of effective antibiotic chemotherapies. The development of multi-β-lactam-resistant strains are particularly concerning due to our previous reliance on this class of antibiotics because of their initial efficacy and broad-spectrum activity. With increases in extended-spectrum β-lactam-resistance and an expanded resistance to other classes of antibiotics, there is an urgent need for the development of effective new antibiotic therapies. Terminalia ferdinandiana is an endemic Austral...
Source: Planta Medica - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Original Papers Source Type: research
Abstract Mastitis caused by multi- or pan-drug resistant bacteria is a growing health concern. A total of 110 milk samples were collected: Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus agalactiae, Streptococcus dysgalactiae, Enterococcus faecalis, and Escherichia coli were present in 54/110 (49.09%), 37/110 (33.63%), 25/110 (22.72%), 7/110 (6.36%), and 50/110 (45.45%) samples, respectively. A total of 20 methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) isolates, 19 Streptococcus sp. isolates, and 15 E. coli isolates were selected, and 100% were positive for (coagulase and hemolysins), streptokinase, and hemolytic activity, respectiv...
Source: Molecular Biology Reports - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: Mol Biol Rep Source Type: research
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