Singing Style, Vocal Habits, and General Health of Professional Singers
Conclusion There was a predominance of adult professional popular female singers, with complaints of respiratory issues (with a higher prevalence of rhinitis), without other general health issues, of nonsmokers, and of nonusers of alcohol. [...] Thieme Revinter Publicações Ltda Rio de Janeiro, BrazilArticle in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents | Abstract | open access Full text
Publication date: Available online 18 November 2019Source: Innovative Food Science &Emerging TechnologiesAuthor(s): Marina Al Daccache, Mohamed Koubaa, Dominique Salameh, Eugène Vorobiev, Richard G. Maroun, Nicolas LoukaAbstractThe effect of moderate pulsed electric fields (PEF) on Hanseniaspora sp. fermentations in apple juice was examined. The treatments were applied prior to or during the fermentation using a field strength of 285 V/cm. A significant increase (p
Authors: Yücel Ekici N, Külahci Ö Abstract BACKGROUND: Previous reports suggested that allergic/eosinophilic inflammation affects the adenoid and tonsillar tissue. The aim of this study is to evaluate and compare the tissue and serum eosinophilia in children undergoing adeno-tonsillectomy with allergic rhinitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The clinical registers of 125 children who underwent adenoidectomy/tonsillectomy due to adenoid/tonsil hypertrophy were examined and reviewed retrospectively. 57 children with skin prick test positivity and with symptoms of allergic rhinitis were included in the stu...
Publication date: Available online 19 November 2019Source: Social Science &MedicineAuthor(s): Cristian Carmeli, Johan Steen, Dusan Petrovic, Benoît Lepage, Cyrille Delpierre, Michelle Kelly-Irving, Murielle Bochud, Mika Kivimäki, Paolo Vineis, Silvia StringhiniAbstractDisadvantaged socioeconomic conditions in childhood heighten systemic inflammatory levels in adulthood; however, life-course mechanisms underlying this association are largely unknown. In the present observational study, we investigated the roles of adulthood socioeconomic and lifestyle factors in mediating this association.Participants were fr...
Conclusions: Smoking and substance abuse are common among industrial workers. Tramadol and cannabis are the most commonly abused substances. Smoking, older age, and male sex are correlates of substance abuse. Alcohol abuse is associated with dependence.
Conclusions: These findings show that in Brazil problems related to alcohol use by the elderly remain relatively unknown. There was a high heterogeneity of methodologies in the studies, making it difficult to summarize the findings and produce prevalence estimates for the different patterns of consumption. More homogenous studies using similar definitions of patterns of alcohol consumption are required to allow comparisons to be made between different Brazilian regions and other countries.
(Florida State University) Research from Florida State University is giving physicians a better understanding of ketamine, a potentially useful tool in treating depression that still has unanswered questions. A team of researchers working in the laboratory of Mohamed Kabbaj, a professor of Biomedical Sciences and Neuroscience in the College of Medicine, showed that ketamine can decrease alcohol consumption in male rats that previously had consumed high amounts of alcohol when given unrestricted access several times a week.
CONCLUSION: Starting to drink alcohol in the early teen years predicted current alcohol use, current binge drinking and mixing of alcohol with energy drinks when students were in Grade 12. Findings indicate a need for development of novel alcohol prevention efforts. PMID: 31729312 [PubMed - in process]
Conclusions: Marked effects of selection on gene expression were detected. The NOT line was characterized by the increased expression of hub nodes associated with mitochondrial function. Genes overexpressed in the SOT aligned with previous findings e.g. Colville et al. (2017) that high ethanol preference and consumption is associated with effects on cell adhesion and glutamate synaptic plasticity.
Alcohol consumption is increasing in many countries, and excessive alcohol consumption is particularly increasing among older adults. Excessive alcohol consumption causes morbidity and mortality, especially among older adults, including an increased risk o...