Locus of Control and Cognition in Older Adults With Type I Diabetes: Evidence For Sex Differences From the Study of Longevity in Diabetes (SOLID).
CONCLUSIONS: In elderly individuals with T1DM, we found associations between dLOC and cognition overall and in men but not women. Underlying sex differences should be considered in future research or interventions on psychosocial characteristics for cognition. PMID: 31633555 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
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Discussion Although melancholically and nonmelancholically depressed patients differed significantly on several clinical characteristics, ECT outcome did not differ. Analyses may be hampered by a high prevalence of psychotic features. In nonpsychotic patients, CORE scores neared significance as predictor of remission, suggesting that CORE scores might be a distinguishing characteristic of melancholia in nonpsychotic patients and a clinical useful predictor of ECT response.
Conclusions The PDAS indeed accurately predicts response to and remission after ECT in (psychotic) depression and most pronouncedly so in older patients but seems to have no clear advantage over simply verifying the presence of psychotic symptoms. This could be the consequence of a ceiling effect, as ECT was extremely effective in patients with psychotic depression. ClinicalTrials.gov: Identifier: NCT02562846.
Conclusions Electroconvulsive therapy use appears to be substantially higher in China than in the United States and is associated with indicators of higher rather than lower functioning as reflected by independent associations with youth, employment, and fewer past hospitalizations, but also with behavioral noncompliance as reflected by involuntary admission, and has increased in recent years. Understanding United States–China discrepancies may further international understanding of the diverse roles of ECT in psychiatric practice.
Conclusions The risk of relapse after ECT is lower for patients with PPD and/or PPP than for patients outside the postpartum period, but the risk is nonetheless substantial in both groups.
No abstract available
Conclusions Generalized, high-amplitude, CPCs during ECT are a previously uncharacterized ictal waveform during ECT, which may have important scientific and clinical value. These complexes offer a specific marker for correlating clinical outcomes in ECT and greater understanding of generalized tonic-clonic seizures.
Conclusions Our data suggest that the beneficial effects of high frequency dTMS of the PFC cannot be attributed solely to its antidepressant effects.
Discussion: In vivo observation of cerebral vasculature demonstrated the effectiveness of HFμDI for the preclinical study of AD, and a potential way for human diagnosis was provided.
ABSTRACT: Objective: Feeding concerns are common in the first 2 years of life and typically reflect maternal perceptions occurring within the larger context of the parent-child relationship. We aimed to determine whether (1) maternal depressive systems predicted perceived picky eating, mediated by maternal negative perceptions; (2) receipt of the Video Interaction Project (VIP) parenting intervention impacted perceived picky eating through this pathway; and (3) perceived picky eating was associated with child growth or subsequent dietary patterns. Methods: We performed a partial longitudinal analysis of 187 low-inco...