Cardiac dysfunction in children with essential obesity: preliminary data.

This study aims to verify if clinical parameters, such as waist circumference and/or body mass index and biohumoral and inflammatory parameters can help predict cardiac structural and functional alterations, through an echocardiogram test in obese children and adolescents. Children were prospectively enrolled at the AUOC outpatients' department of Emergency Paediatrics, University Hospital, Messina, from June to December 2017. Clinical, metabolic parameters and an inflammation marker (HMGB1) were evaluated and a transthoracic echocardiogram was carried out. Twenty-two obese subjects were prospectively enrolled.HMGB1 values were 12.6 ± 2ng/ml, significantly higher compared to a previously studied healthy control group. A significant positive correlation was found both between total cholesterol levels and HMGB1 values (r=0.846, p=0.000) and between LDL cholesterol and HMBG1 values (r=0.663, p=0.001). No correlation was found between clinical, biohumoral and echocardiograph parameters. In obese children cardiac parameters obtained from echocardiogram tests may be in the normal range. However, other parameters may be altered in the early phase, showing that infantile obesity can compromise myocardial functions, even in the absence of comorbidities. Furthermore, the evaluation of concentrations of HMBG1 could explain how an initial inflammation can trigger the condition of meta-inflammation. PMID: 31630719 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents - Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Biol Regul Homeost Agents Source Type: research

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AbstractPurpose of ReviewThis review intends to highlight selected cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevention studies presented at the 2019 European Society of Cardiology (ESC) Congress.Recent FindingsResults from the Inclisiran for Subjects with ASCVD or ASCVD-risk Equivalent and Elevated Low-density Lipoprotein Cholesterol (ORION-11) trial validate inclisiran ’s ability to significantly lower low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) levels in at-risk individuals on a background of maximally tolerated statin therapy. The EVOlocumab for Early Reduction of LDL-cholesterol Levels in Patients With Acute Coronary Syndrom...
Source: Current Atherosclerosis Reports - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
ConclusionsIn our study, higher %TWL and preoperative pain syndrome were associated with an increased risk for cholecystectomy besides the traditional risk factors female gender and Caucasian ethnicity. These factors can be used to identify high-risk patients, who might benefit from preventive measures. Whether statins can protect bariatric patients from developing gallstones should be investigated prospectively.
Source: Obesity Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
A firm that was labeled one of Medtech’s 16 Most Promising Private Companies by Canaccord Genuity earlier this year, has strong results from a study that will help with FDA approval. LimFlow recently announced positive six-month data from the full patient cohort in its PROMISE I early feasibility study of the Percutaneous Deep Vein Arterialization (pDVA) System. The Paris-based company presented the data during the Vascular Interventional Advances [VIVA] Conference held in Las Vegas, earlier this month. The company’s technology is used for the treatment of chronic limb-threatening ischem...
Source: MDDI - Category: Medical Devices Authors: Tags: Cardiovascular Source Type: news
This study aimed to investigate the anti-obesity effects of ginseng and the alternation of gut microbiota composition in high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obesity. The results showed that HFD treatment influenced body weight gain, adipose tissue accumulation and biochemical parameter changes. Compared to the HFD group, ginseng supplementation of HFD-fed mice decreased body weight, adipose tissue mass, total cholesterol (T-CHO) and high-density lipoprotein (HDL)/low-density lipoprotein (LDL) ratio. To analysis the alterations of gut microbiota, ginseng in dietary supplements decreased Firmicutes abundance and increased Bacteroide...
Source: Food Science and Human Wellness - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
Fight Aging! publishes news and commentary relevant to the goal of ending all age-related disease, to be achieved by bringing the mechanisms of aging under the control of modern medicine. This weekly newsletter is sent to thousands of interested subscribers. To subscribe or unsubscribe from the newsletter, please visit: https://www.fightaging.org/newsletter/ Longevity Industry Consulting Services Reason, the founder of Fight Aging! and Repair Biotechnologies, offers strategic consulting services to investors, entrepreneurs, and others interested in the longevity industry and its complexities. To find out m...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Discussion/conclusion: A wild-type mouse model of metabolic syndrome fed a "fast food" diet developed changes to the retina similar to some of the pathologic features seen in AMD. Further investigations into this and similar animal models as well as further epidemiological studies are needed to more clearly define the association between metabolic syndrome and AMD. PMID: 31735070 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Current Eye Research - Category: Opthalmology Authors: Tags: Curr Eye Res Source Type: research
ConclusionsHemodialysis patients with central obesity, as measured by the A/G ratio, had less favorable plasma lipid profiles and higher levels of inflammation but not an increased risk of ASCVD.
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: In conclusion, increased IL-1β levels correlate to dyslipidemic factors and may further support low-grade inflammation. IL-1β may further predict the early onset of cardiovascular disease within this population, taking into consideration its important regulatory role. PMID: 31738140 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Endocrine, Metabolic and Immune Disorders Drug Targets - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: Endocr Metab Immune Disord Drug Targets Source Type: research
ÁCC Abstract We determined the prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome (MetS) and associated factors in 419 women (aged 40 to 65 years) in Northeast Brazil in a cross-sectional study conducted from April to November 2013. We defined MetS using the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III (NCEP-ATP III) criteria. Socio-demographic variables, reproductive factors, lifestyle factors, anthropometrics, body composition, quality of life, and physical performance were assessed for their associations. We constructed multivariate Poisson regression models to estimate prevalence rate ratios (PRR) and...
Source: Women and Health - Category: Primary Care Authors: Tags: Women Health Source Type: research
Abstract Recent studies revealed controversial results on the association of exposure to phthalates with cardiometabolic risk factors in children and adolescents. Therefore, this systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted in this regard. At first, we searched English-language papers in Scopus, Web of Science, and PubMed databases, with no restriction of time, till the end of the year 2018. We performed a comprehensive literature search for association between phthalate exposure and cardiometabolic risk factors including obesity, hypertension, hyperglycemia, and dyslipidemia. Among 99 published papers found ...
Source: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Environ Sci Pollut Res Int Source Type: research
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