Update: Interim Guidance for Health Care Providers Evaluating and Caring for Patients with Suspected E-cigarette, or Vaping, Product Use Associated Lung Injury - United States, October 2019.

This report summarizes national surveillance data describing clinical features of more recently reported cases and interim recommendations based on these data for U.S. health care providers caring for patients with suspected or known EVALI. It provides interim guidance for 1) initial clinical evaluation; 2) suggested criteria for hospital admission and treatment; 3) patient follow-up; 4) special considerations for groups at high risk; and 5) clinical and public health recommendations. Health care providers evaluating patients suspected to have EVALI should ask about the use of e-cigarette, or vaping, products in a nonjudgmental and thorough manner. Patients suspected to have EVALI should have a chest radiograph (CXR), and hospital admission is recommended for patients who have decreased blood oxygen (O2) saturation (
Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl... - Category: Epidemiology Authors: Tags: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep Source Type: research

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Abstract During August 9-October 31, 2019, 96 patients were classified as having e-cigarette, or vaping, product use-associated lung injury (EVALI) by the Minnesota Department of Health (MDH); other patients are being investigated for case classification and exposures. Among 58 patients interviewed, 53 (91%) reported obtaining tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)-containing products from informal sources such as friends, family members, or in-person or online dealers. Using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GCMS), the MDH Public Health Laboratory (PHL) analyzed 46 THC-containing e-cigarette, or vaping, products obtained...
Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl... - Category: Epidemiology Authors: Tags: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep Source Type: research
Dengue fever is prevalent in the world; in recent years, several outbreaks occurred in West Africa. It affects pregnant women. We aimed to assess the consequences of dengue fever on pregnant women and their fe...
Source: BMC Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewAs research efforts have advanced to understand the pathophysiology of viral hemorrhagic fevers (VHF) and other epidemic viral infections and develop medical countermeasures such as vaccines, pregnant women have remained an underexamined subgroup. To better understand the implications of future outbreaks of VHF for pregnant women amidst an evolving vaccine landscape, we examine three pathogens —yellow fever, Ebola, and Lassa fever—each with different levels of evidence and understanding of disease in pregnancy and at varying stages of vaccine development.Recent FindingsThere are very li...
Source: Current Tropical Medicine Reports - Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewEbola virus infection has one of the highest overall case fatality rates of any viral disease. It has historically had an especially high case mortality rate among pregnant women and infants —greater than 90% for pregnant women in some outbreaks and close to 100 % in fetuses and newborns. The Merck recombinant vaccine against Ebola virus, termed rVSV-ZEBOV, underwent clinical trials during the 2013–2015 West Africa Ebola epidemic where it was found to be 100% efficacious. It was sub sequently used during the 2018 DRC Équateur outbreak and in the 2018 DRC Kivu Ebola which is still...
Source: Current Tropical Medicine Reports - Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research
This article reviews the latest knowledge on HEV in pregnancy, the vaccine candidates that have reached clinical trials, and their potential use during pregnancy.Recent FindingsNew evidence suggests that a genotype-specific tropism to uteroplacental cells contributes to the multifactorial pathology leading to the increased severity of HEV during pregnancy. Data from pregnant women inadvertently vaccinated are limited but show similar rates of adverse events as non-pregnant women, and no evident harm to newborns. Protective anti-HEV IgG antibodies are estimated to last longer after vaccination than natural infection. Accele...
Source: Current Tropical Medicine Reports - Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research
Conclusions: A higher seroprevalence of HEV as compared to HAV together with a co-infection rate of 2.07% mandates screening for HEV in all suspected cases of acute hepatitis, particularly pregnant women in whom the outcomes of HEV infection are poor. Health and civic authorities should make necessary efforts to counter epidemic or outbreak situations, thus reducing morbidity, mortality and economic burden.
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Source Type: research
Cannabidiol (CBD) oil and other products containing CBD are being touted as a natural, organic remedy for a wide range of women’s health concerns. Sellers of these products make many claims: CBD has calming effects on sleep, mood, and anxiety; eases hot flashes and improves bone density by balancing hormonal changes of menopause; and has anti-inflammatory properties that clear skin, cure acne, and calm rosacea. It’s promoted for PMS symptoms like bloating and mood swings. And CBD-infused lubricants claim to boost arousal and enjoyment of sex. So, how much of this is true? First, what is CBD? CBD is a major ingr...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Complementary and alternative medicine Drugs and Supplements Health Marijuana Women's Health Source Type: blogs
This article analyzes current issues related to maternal vaccination with a focus on emerging and epidemic viral infections and human rights.Recent FindingsHistorically, pregnant women have not been considered in the development of vaccines and have been excluded from participating in clinical trials and vaccination campaigns. Because of risk for injury and death of mothers and fetuses/infants during infectious disease outbreaks, it is important to consider their rights to receive any potential form of prevention or therapy available to non-pregnant individuals in order to enhance their well-being.SummaryIt is unacceptable...
Source: Current Tropical Medicine Reports - Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research
What can we expect from the flu season this year? Unfortunately, many experts are predicting an active, and possibly severe, flu season. This projection is based on data from Australia, where the flu season is just wrapping up. Australia was hit early and hard by flu this year: over 300,000 patients had laboratory-confirmed influenza, a record number of cases. Flu outbreaks in the Southern Hemisphere happen during our summers, and they often give us a clue as to what we should expect when the flu lands on our shores in the fall. Who should get the flu vaccine? Basically, everybody over the age of 6 months, except for those...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Cold and Flu Health Prevention Vaccines Source Type: blogs
Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Published: 11/2019. This web page, updated in November 2019, provides guidance for women and their partners who live in or travel to areas with a Zika outbreak or other areas with risk of Zika to plan their pregnancies in the context of the risk of Zika. Healthcare providers should counsel couples considering pregnancy about plans for travel to or those living in areas with risk of Zika. The page includes clinician resources. (Text)
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
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